Attributed to Qu Ding / Summer Mountains / Northern Song dynasty (960-1127), 11th centuryAttributed to Qu Ding
Summer Mountains
Northern Song dynasty (960-1127), 11th century

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Creator Name: Qu, Ding
Creator Qualifier: Attributed to
Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Chinese
Creator Dates/Places: Chinese, active ca. 1023-1056
Creator Name-CRT: Attributed to Qu Ding
Title: Summer Mountains
View: Detail
Creation Start Date: 1000
Creation End Date: 1099
Creation Date: Northern Song dynasty (960-1127), 11th century
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: Handscroll; ink and pale color on silk
Dimensions: 17 7/8 x 45 3/8 in. (45.4 x 115.3 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1973.120.1
Credit Line: Ex coll.: C. C. Wang Family

Gift of The Dillon Fund, 1973


Between 900 and 1100 Chinese painters created landscapes that 'depicted the vastness and multiplicity' of creation itself. Viewers of these works are meant to identify with a human figure in the painting, allowing them to 'walk through, ramble, or dwell' in the landscape. In this landscape, lush forests suffused with mist identify the time as a midsummer evening. Moving from right to left, travelers make their way toward a temple retreat, where vacationers are seated together enjoying the view. Above the temple roofs the central mountain sits majestically, the climax to man's universe. The advanced use of texture strokes and ink wash suggest that 'Summer Mountains,' formerly attributed to Yan Wengui (active ca. 970-1030), is by a master working in the Yan idiom around 1050, a date corroborated by the presence of collectors' seals belonging to the Song emperor Huizong (1101-1125). Although there is no record of any painting by Yan Wengui in Huizong's collection, three works entitled 'Summer Scenery' by Yan's eleventh-century follower Qu Ding are listed in the emperor's painting catalogue.

AMICA ID: MMA_.1973.120.1
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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