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Creator Name: Turner, Joseph Mallord William
Creator Nationality: European; British
Creator Dates/Places: 1775-1851
Creator Name-CRT: Joseph Mallord William Turner
Title: Cologne: The Arrival of a Packet-Boat: Evening
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1826
Creation End Date: 1826
Creation Date: 1826
Object Type: Drawings and Watercolors
Materials and Techniques: oil, and possibly watercolor, on canvas (lined)
Dimensions: 66 3/8 x 88 1/4 in. (168.6 x 224.1 cm.)
AMICA Contributor: The Frick Collection
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 14.1.119
Credit Line: Purchased
Context: The composition is based on sketches Turner made while touring the Rhine in 1817 and again in 1825. Among the discernible structures are, from the foreground back: the Kostgassepforte gate before the Frankenturm; the sixteenth-century Bollwerk and the archway over the entrance to the Zollstrasse; the Stapelhaus; and the church of Gross St. Martin. Turner achieved the high-keyed color and transparency of watercolor painting in this monumental canvas, and it is possible that he did combine the media of oiland watercolor, as suggested in a letter in which he warned his father: "you must not by any means wet it, for all the colour will come off." A questionable story associated with the painting was recorded by Ruskin, who described how Turner quixotically covered the golden sky with a wash of lampblack at the start of the Royal Academy exhibition of 1826 in order not to detract from two portraits by Lawrence that hung to either side of it. A contemporary reference to the painting's "glitter and gaud" castsdoubt on this anecdote.
Related Document Description: New York, The Frick Collection. Art in the Frick Collection: Paintings, Sculpture, Decorative Arts [cat.]. Comp. C. Ryskamp, et al., 1996, p.99 (reproduced in color). New York, The Frick Collection. An Illustrated Catalogue. Vol.1, Paintings. [cat.]. 1968, pp.126-130, p.127 (reproduced).
AMICA ID: TFC_.Turner.14-1-119
AMICA Library Year: 1999
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright The Frick Collection, New York, 1999
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