Artist unknown / Page from a Hymnal or Psalter (with Historiated Initial 'C') / late 14th centuryArtist unknown
Page from a Hymnal or Psalter (with Historiated Initial 'C')
late 14th century

View Larger Image

View Full Catalog Record Below

This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world. offers subscriptions to this collection, the finest art image database available on the internet. EVERY image has full curatorial text and can be studied in depth by zooming into the smallest details from within the Image Workspace.
Preview the AMICA Library™ Public Collection in Luna Browser Now

  • Cultures and time periods represented range from contemporary art, to ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian works.
  • Types of works include paintings, drawings, watercolors, sculptures, costumes, jewelry, furniture, prints, photographs, textiles, decorative art, books and manuscripts.

Gain access to this incredible resource through either a monthly or a yearly subscription and search the entire collection from your desktop, compare multiple images side by side and zoom into the minute details of the images. Visit for more information on the collection, click on the link below the revolving thumbnail to the right, or email us at .

Creator Name: Unknown
Creator Nationality: European; Southern European; Italian
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Name-CRT: Artist unknown
Title: Page from a Hymnal or Psalter (with Historiated Initial 'C')
View: front
Creation Start Date: 1366
Creation End Date: 1399
Creation Date: late 14th century
Object Type: Books
Materials and Techniques: pen, bistre, gouache, and gilding on parchment
Dimensions: H.13-1/16 x W.9-3/8 in. (sheet)
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 40.14.2
Credit Line: The William Hood Dunwoody Fund

As stated in the heading, this hymn was sung during the service of vespers (about 4:30 p.m.) held on Sundays in Advent, the period of spiritual preparation observed during the four weeks preceding Christmas. The music accompanying the text is written in the Gregorian system then in general use for liturgical choral music, using box-like notations on a four-line staff.

The first word of the hymn, "conditor," (maker or creator) begins with an historiated initial: an enlarged letter containing a narrative scene. This letter C shows the Crucifixion of Christ, flanked by angels, on the hill of Golgotha (or Calvary), symbolically identified by the skull. The border of acanthus scrolls and gold balls, with cusped quadrefoils at the corners, is a characteristic type of border decoration found in manuscripts produced in northern Italy in the late 14th century. At this time Padua and Milan were thriving centers for the production of illuminated manuscripts under the patronage of Giangaleazzo Visconti, who reigned as Duke of Milan from 1385 to 1402.

AMICA ID: MIA_.40.14.2
Component Measured: sheet
Measurement Unit: in
AMICA Library Year: 2001
Media Metadata Rights: ?The Minneapolis Institute of Arts

AMICA PUBLIC RIGHTS: a) Access to the materials is granted for personal and non-commercial use. b) A full educational license for non-commercial use is available from Cartography Associates at c) Licensed users may continue their examination of additional materials provided by Cartography Associates, and d) commercial rights are available from the rights holder.

Home | Subscribe | Preview | Benefits | About | Help | Contact
Copyright © 2007 Cartography Associates.
All rights reserved.