Artist unknown / Taima Mandala / 14th centuryArtist unknown
Taima Mandala
14th century

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Creator Name: Unknown
Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Japanese
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Name-CRT: Artist unknown
Title: Taima Mandala
View: front
Creation Start Date: 1300
Creation End Date: 1399
Creation Date: 14th century
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: color and gold on silk
Dimensions: H.50-1/2 x W.46-1/16 in.
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 85.9
Credit Line: Gift of Mary Griggs Burke in Memory of Jackson Burke

This mandala represents Amida Buddha's Western Paradise or Pure Land, where the souls of fervent believers are reborn to continue their quest for spiritual enlightenment free from the difficulties associated with life on earth. In the center, Amida sits beneath a jeweled canopy surrounded by a host of other deities and worshippers. His splendid palaces are in the background and the sky is filled with flying deities and heavenly musicians. Amida faces a pond where the souls of the deceased are reborn on lotus blossoms.

According to tradition, the first Japanese mandala of Amida's paradise was painted in the eighth century and has been preserved in the collection of Taima-dera temple near Nara. As worship of Amida became increasingly popular in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, numerous copies were produced. Accordingly, this painting and others like it are referred to as Taima Mandala.

Component Measured: overall
Measurement Unit: in
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: ?The Minneapolis Institute of Arts

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