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Creator Name: O'Keeffe, Georgia
Creator Nationality: North American; American
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: American; 1887-1986
Creator Name-CRT: Georgia O'Keeffe
Title: Black Cross, New Mexico
Title Type: preferred
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1929
Creation End Date: 1929
Creation Date: 1929
Creation Place: North and Central America,North America,United States
Object Type: Paintings
Classification Term: oil on canvas
Classification Term: Modern and Contemporary Art
Materials and Techniques: oil on canvas
Dimensions: 39 x 30 in. (99.2 x 76.3 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Art Institute of Chicago
Owner Location: Chicago, Illinois, USA
ID Number: 1943.95
Credit Line: The Art Institute of Chicago, Art Instistute Purchase Fund
Copyright: ? The Georgia O'Keeffe Foundation / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Context: In her 1976 autobiography, O'Keeffe explained, '...one evening when I was living in Taos [New Mexico] we walked back of the morada toward a cross in the hills. I was told that it was a Penitente cross but that meant little to me at the time. The cross was large enough to crucify a man, with two small crosses-one on either side. It was in the late light and the cross stood out-dark against the evening sky.' Still active in northern New Mexico, part of the territory settled by the Spanish as early as the seventeeth century, Penitentes are secret lay brotherhoods that meet in remote moradas (chapels) near which they may erect crosses for their devout Passion week rites. Curiously, when this painting was first exhibited in 1930, it was entitled 'Black Cross, Arizona' and captions for reproductions in magazines published in the 1930s also refer to the setting as Arizona. O'Keeffe often merged different locales into single paintings, and perhaps the original title refers to the background hills rather than to the New Mexico sanctuary with the cross. The present title was first used for the catalogue of the O'Keeffe retrospective organized by the Art Institute in 1943.
AMICA ID: AIC_.1943.95
AMICA Library Year: 2001
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright The Art Institute of Chicago, 2000
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