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Creator Name: Jackson, William Henry
Creator Nationality: North American; American
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1843 - 1942
Biography: William Henry Jackson American, 1843-1942Although considered primarily a photographer of the American frontier, William Henry Jackson's long life and early start in photography allowed him to bridge several different eras during his nearly 80 years in the field. Jackson (born in Keesville, New York) worked as a photographic retoucher in 1858 and served as a staff artist in the 12th Vermont Infantry, Company K, for the Union army in 1862. After the war, he worked at several establishments in the Northeastbefore opening a studio, Jackson Brothers, with his brother Edward in Omaha in 1867. Two years later he photographed along the newly opened Union Pacific Railroad, making approximately 10,000 stereoviews. In 1870 Jackson began an eight-year assignment asofficial photographer to the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of Ferdinand V. Hayden, producing important views of the American West: Wyoming and Yellowstone, Colorado and the Rocky Mountains, and lost cities in Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, and Colorado. He went on to become a photographic publisher and entrepreneur in Denver, specializing in commissioned landscapes for the railroad. In 1893 Jackson was the official photographer for the World's Columbian Exposition. He painted as well, accepting a substantial mural commission in his 90s. Selected for a photography exhibition juried by Ansel Adams in 1939, Jackson also saw his work exhibited in 1942 at the Museum of Modern Art, New York. His legacy includes thousands of negatives and prints that contributed to the picturing of America in the 19th century. It was Jackson's photographs of Yellowstone, the Grand Tetons, and Mesa Verde that inspired the government to make these areas national parks. T.W.F.
Creator Birth Place: Keesville, NY
Creator Death Place: New York, NY
Creator Name-CRT: William Henry Jackson
Title: Currecanti Needle, Black Cañon of the Gunnison
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1870
Creation End Date: 1880
Creation Date: before 1880
Object Type: Photographs
Classification Term: Photography
Materials and Techniques: albumen print from wet collodion negative
Dimensions: Image: 53.3cm x 41.2cm
Inscriptions: Written in negative: "1081 CURRECANTI NEEDLE. BLACK CANON OF THE GUNNISON / W.H. JACKSON AND Co. DENVER."
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1985.45
Credit Line: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund
Context: Recognized as one of the foremost photographers of the American West, William Henry Jackson was introduced to the western landscape when he served as official photographer for the U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories from 1870 to 1878. Photographed in Colorado for the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad, this image was produced during a period when Jackson specialized in landscape commissions for the railroads. Here the artist carefully recorded the details of receding railroad tracks,the gracefully curving Gunnison River, and the textures of an intriguing rock formation known as Currecanti Needle. At the same time, he exploited the inherent drama and romanticism of the landscape in order to entice travelers and settlers to the West.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1985.45
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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