This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world.
www.davidrumsey.com/amica offers subscriptions to this collection, the finest art image database available on the internet. EVERY image has full curatorial text and can be studied in depth by zooming into the smallest details from within the Image Workspace.
- Cultures and time periods represented
range from contemporary art, to ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian works.
- Types of works include paintings, drawings,
watercolors, sculptures, costumes, jewelry, furniture, prints, photographs,
textiles, decorative art, books and manuscripts.
Gain access to this incredible resource through either a
monthly or a yearly subscription and search the entire collection from
your desktop, compare multiple images side by side and zoom into the minute
details of the images. Visit www.davidrumsey.com/amica
for more information on the collection, click on the link below the
revolving thumbnail to the right, or email us at email@example.com
Creator Name: Lichtenstein, Roy
Creator Dates/Places: American, 1923 - 1997
Creator Name-CRT: Roy Lichtenstein
Title: Bull Heads III
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1973
Creation End Date: 1973
Creation Date: 1973
Object Type: Prints
Materials and Techniques: Color lithograph, silkscreen, linoc
Dimensions: Image dimensions: 21 x 28 1/2 in. (53.34 x 72.39 cm.) Sheet dimensions: 25 x 33 in. (63.5 x 83.82 cm.)
AMICA Contributor: Dallas Museum of Art
Owner Location: Dallas, Texas, USA
ID Number: 1974.23.3
Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, gift of The 500, Inc.
Copyright: ? Estate of Roy Lichtenstein, New York
Context: The Dallas Museum of Art's Luristanian horse bit makes an interesting comparison with the more elaborate Villanovan horse bit in the Museum collections. The Near Eastern bit combines cast cheek pieces (probably from the same bivalve mold) and a cold-worked bar, one end of which spirals up and the other down. The imaginary animal ornamentation is fairly restrained in comparison with other horse trappings from Luristan. There are monster heads facing each other on the monster's tails, which form the lower rim. In bits like these, the crossbar fitted in the horse's mouth and was controlled by the cheek pieces. The bit reins were attached to the rings at the bottom of the cheek pieces. There is still no agreement as to whether these elaborate kinds of bronze horse trappings were designed for burials or were used in life and buried with the dead person. Some do appear to have wear on the bar piece. Both men and women were buried with horse trappings, which indicates the vital role that riding and driving played in ancient Iran. If these people were not actually nomads, the free life of horse riders on the Iranian plateau clearly defined much of their culture.'Gods, Men, and Heroes,' page 36
AMICA ID: DMA_.1974.23.3
AMICA Library Year: 2003
Media Metadata Rights:
AMICA PUBLIC RIGHTS: a) Access to the materials is granted for personal and non-commercial use. b) A full educational license for non-commercial use is available from Cartography Associates at www.davidrumsey.com/amica/institution_subscribe.html c) Licensed users may continue their examination of additional materials provided by Cartography Associates, and d) commercial rights are available from the rights holder.
Copyright © 2007 Cartography Associates.
All rights reserved.