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Creator Nationality: Turkey, Northern Syria, Proto-Hittite
Creator Name-CRT: Turkey, Northern Syria, Proto-Hittite
Title: Oxen and Cart
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: -200
Creation End Date: -180
Creation Date: 2000-1800 B.C.
Object Type: Sculpture
Materials and Techniques: bronze
Dimensions: Overall: 5 13/16 x 8 3/4 x 4 1/16 in. (14.765 x 22.225 x 10.32 cm.)
AMICA Contributor: Dallas Museum of Art
Owner Location: Dallas, Texas, USA
ID Number: 1972.38.A-D
Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, Irvin L. and Meryl P. Levy Endowment Fund
Context: This bronze cart drawn by a pair of long-horned oxen is one of many examples of an artistic type well known from the early second millennium B. C. Such models were probably votive offerings, to be left in shrines, sacred caches, or tombs. They reflect the distinctive moment when men first used domesticated horses or cattle to draw wheeled vehicles, creating the beginning of powered transport on land. Although drawings of wheeled vehicles occur all over Eurasia, this seminal development in human culture probably originated in Mesopotamia or the Russian Steppes in the late third millennium B. C. Models similar to this one occur in Syria and and in the eastern part of Anatolia. Both the combination of cold hammering and lost-wax casting used to make the piece and the new technology of wheeled transport represent the leading edge of civilization in the eastern Mediterranean during the Bronze Age. The models show both farm carts for carrying produce and war chariots. This example is a formally dazzling work that shapes the little wagon with its high railings and the oxen with their great, outflung horns to a linear design in three dimensions. Like a tracery in space, the clean-cut cart moves forward, a paradigm of intelligent craftsmanship.'Dallas Museum of Art: A Guide to the Collection,' page 22
AMICA ID: DMA_.1972.38.A-D
AMICA Library Year: 2003
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