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Creator Name: Daumier, Honoré-Victorin
Creator Nationality: French
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1808 - 1879
Biography: Honoré Daumier was eight years old when his father, a glazier and frame maker who had decided to pursue his poetic talents in Paris, sent for the wife and three sons he lad left behind in Marseilles. In Paris Daumier studied drawing with Alexandre Lenoir (1761-1839) and at the Académie Suisse. Around 1825 he began a five-year apprenticeship with the publisher and lithographer Zépherin Belliard (1798-?). The July revolution of 1830, which established Louis-Philippe as the constitutional monarch in France, coincided with Daumier's creation of satirical lithographs aimed at this new government. That same year he joined La Caricature, a political journal founded by the republican artist-publisher, Charles Philipon (1802-1862). Daumier's antimonarchist and liberal subjects that were printed in this paper eventually cost the journal censorship and the artist six months in jail (31 August 1832 to 14 February 1833) plus a 300-franc fine. His prison sentence did not deter him from producing political statements and, in fact, only fueled his rage. The subjects of his lithographs became much more aggressive. In 1835 he worked for Philipon's second publication, Le Charivari, a humorous political newspaper that published Daumier's satirical caricature until it, too, suffered censorship under the new government. Although Daumier may be best known for his graphic art, he was also a sculptor and a prolific painter. Sculpture became another medium to produce his infamous caricatures. His friend, Honoré de Balzac, French novelist and editor of La Caricature, saw in these works the force of Michelangelo. In 1834 Daumier began experimenting with painting, both in oil and watercolor. Apart from his Salon entries of 1849 and 1850, his paintings, which totaled over three hundred, were painted primarily for his own pleasure and virtually unknown to the public until after his death in 1879.
Creator Birth Place: Marseille, 26 February 1808
Creator Death Place: Valmondois, 10 February 1879
Creator Name-CRT: Honoré Daumier
Creator Name: Bouvenne, Edouard
Creator Role: hand-colored by
Creator Name-CRT: Edouard Bouvenne
Title: L'Abus de l'Article 24 du Code Civil
Title Type: Foreign
Title: Breach of Civil Code Article 24
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1837
Creation End Date: 1837
Creation Date: 1837
Object Type: Prints
Classification Term: Print
Materials and Techniques: lithograph hand-colored with watercolor by Edouard Bouvenne
Dimensions: Sheet: 35.5cm x 26.5cm, Image: 24cm x 23cm
Inscriptions: inscribed on the lower and upper margins in pale brown/black ink: Modèle de la Grande Collection de 1839 par Edouard Bouvenne Paris a 2 8bre/ Bouvenne
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 2001.137
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund
AMICA ID: CMA_.2001.137
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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