Persian/Mesopotamian / Fragment / 8th centuryPersian/Mesopotamian
8th century

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Middle Eastern; Mesopotamian
Creator Name-CRT: Persian/Mesopotamian
Title: Fragment
Title Type: Object name
Title: Woven Tapestry Fragment
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 700
Creation End Date: 799
Creation Date: 8th century
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: Textiles-Woven
Materials and Techniques: wool
Dimensions: 12 x 18 3/4 in. (30.5 x 47.6 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 50.83
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1950

This fragment of tapestry-woven cloth demonstrates the dependence of early Islamic art on traditions that predate the advent of Islam in the Middle East. Here, the influence comes from Sasanian art in Iran. The allover repeat pattern of staggered rows of rosettes is also represented, for example, on the rock reliefs of the Sasanian monument Taq-i Bustan, dating from the late sixth or early seventh century. On the basis of inscriptions on two closely related textiles, one in silk, the other a wool-tapestry fragment like this one, the Museum's piece can be dated to the reign of the Umayyad caliph Marwan II (r. A.D. 744-749). It has been suggested that the design layout originally consisted of a series of parallel bands. However, it is also possible that the green ground area with the rows of rosettes was part of a central field zone and that the red ground strip, which preserves both edges, was the main border. In that case, the textile may have been part of a floor covering.

AMICA ID: MMA_.50.83
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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