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Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Indian
Creator Active Place: Coromandel Coast
Creator Name-CRT: Indian, (Coromandel Coast)
Title: Petticoat (Part of)
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1750
Creation End Date: 1774
Creation Date: mid-to-third quarter of the 18th century
Object Type: Costume and Jewelry
Classification Term: Textiles-Painted and Dyed
Materials and Techniques: Cotton
Dimensions: 33 5/8 x 67 1/2 in. (85.4 x 171.5 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1992.82
Credit Line: Purchase, Friends of European Sculpture and Decorative Arts, 1992
The primary goal of the Dutch East India Trade Company and its English equivalent (established in 1597 and 1600, respectively) was the acquisition of pepper and spices in Malaysia, but the Indian painted and dyed cottons used for subsequent foreign barter also generated excitement at home. Introduced perhaps by accident during the seventeenth century, the fabrics fascinated European consumer's, who had no local equivalent that could compete for brightness, variety, and fastness of color at relatively low cost. The designs were achieved by repeatedly painting with mordants and resist dyeing the cloth for each color and shade. Experts at customizing exports, Indian chintz makers had manufactured specific designs for their earlier trading partners in the Near East, Africa, and Asia. Similarly, designs were developed to meet the needs of individual European markets and to appeal to regional tastes. This type of pattern, with lively and anecdotal figural compositions-from a semimilitary parade to couples visiting and dining-was intended for the Dutch market. It found particular favor in the northern Netherlands province of Friesland and especially in the town of Hindelopen, where it would most likely have been everyday wear for a wealthy farmer's wife.
AMICA ID: MMA_.1992.82
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art
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