Central Asian / Square / late 11th-early 13th centuryCentral Asian
late 11th-early 13th century

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Central Asian
Creator Name-CRT: Central Asian
Title: Square
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1066
Creation End Date: 1233
Creation Date: late 11th-early 13th century
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: Textiles-Embroidered
Materials and Techniques: Silk thread on silk
Dimensions: 14 5/8 x 14 7/8 in. (37.1 x 37.8 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1988.296
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1988
Rights: http://www.metmuseum.org/

The square is embroidered with a rich assortment of animals and birds amid flowers. Clockwise from top left are a wild goose, a parrot, a phoenix, and a pheasant. At the four sides are a spotted horse, a standing deer, a reclining spotted deer, and a rabbit. In the center are a lotus and a trefoil water plant. Flowers include camellia, poppy, tree and herbaceous peonies, hibiscus, and rose of Sharon. The brightly colored designs are mainly in float stitch, with occasional details in laid work and stems in chain stitch. Technically, this work is closely related to embroidery fragments found by Aurel Stein and Paul Pelliot in Chinese Central Asia and dated to the ninth century. Similar embroideries came from early tenth-century sites in southern China. The Central Asian connection is suggested by the overall pattern of animals and birds on a floral ground and by the animals' treatment and postures-particularly the backward glance. Spotted animals, especially horses and deer, are favorite Central Asian subjects. A carbon-14 test indicated a date of the eleventh to the thirteenth centuries, which is in general agreement with the technical and stylistic dating.

AMICA ID: MMA_.1988.296
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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