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Creator Nationality: European; Western European; Christian
Creator Name-CRT: Crusader
Title: Keystone from a Vaulted Ceiling
View: Principal view
Creation Start Date: 1220
Creation End Date: 1230
Creation Date: ca. 1220?1230
Creation Place: From Castle Montfort/Starkenberg
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: Limestone
Dimensions: 19 1/4 x 26 1/2 in. (48.9 x 67.3 cm)
Description: During the 1100s and 1200s, knights from western Europe trying to establish a Christian kingdom with Jerusalem as its capital built fortified settlements in the Holy Land. Established by French Crusaders in the 1100s, Castle Montfort was purchased in the 1220s by the Teutonic Knights, a German crusading order who rebuilt and renamed it Castle Starkenberg. This keystone was probably carved during the restoration. After the castle fell in 1272 to Baybars, the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, the surviving knights retired to Acre (now cAkko, Israel), the last Christian stronghold in the Holy Land. In 1926 the Museum participated in the excavation of the ruined castle.
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York
ID Number: 28.99.1
Credit Line: Gift of Clarence H. Mackay, Archer M. Huntington, Stephen H . P. Pell and Bashford Dean, 1928
Copyright: Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All rights reserved.
AMICA ID: MMA_.28.99.1
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright (c) 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All Rights Reserved
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