Chinese / Bowl / Ming period, Xuande era, 1426-1435Chinese
Ming period, Xuande era, 1426-1435

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Chinese
Creator Name-CRT: Chinese
Title: Bowl
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1426
Creation End Date: 1435
Creation Date: Ming period, Xuande era, 1426-1435
Creation Place: China, Jiangxi Province
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramics
Materials and Techniques: Porcelain with incised design under glaze (Jingdezhen ware)
Dimensions: H. 4 in. (10.2 cm); D. 8 1/8 in. (20.6 cm)
AMICA Contributor: Asia Society
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1979.161
Credit Line: Asia Society: The Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection
Context: Noted for their refined bodies and elegant shapes, porcelains made during the reigns of the Xuande (1426-1435) and Chenghua (1465-1487) emperors of the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) are ranked among the finest examples of imperial Chinese wares. Many of the characteristics of 15th-century porcelains result from increased imperial interest in ceramics. Ceramic production during this time--which was the near-exclusive domain of the imperial Jingdezhen kilns at Jiangxi Province--is noted for the development and refinement of techniques for making and decorating wares, experimentation with shapes and designs, and the widespread use of reign marks (inscriptions that identify the name of the dynasty and the reign name of an emperor).

A six-character Xuande mark, written in underglaze blue, is inscribed in a double circle on the inside of the footring of this porcelain bowl. The bowl is decorated with plantain leaves on the exterior, while the interior is plain except for chrysanthemum flowers in the bottom. Difficult to see at first glance, decoration of this type is often termed anhua, or 'hidden decoration,' and was very popular in the early Ming period. The bowl is heavier and more thickly potted than works of the Yongle period (1403-1424), and its glaze has a noticeable blue-green tinge. This color becomes apparent where the glaze pooled into the incised decoration, making the designs somewhat easier to see.

Related Document Description: Asia Society. Handbook of the Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection. New York: Asia Society, [1981], p. 73.
AMICA ID: ASIA.1979.161
AMICA Library Year: 1999
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, Asia Society

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