Egyptian / Coffin of Khnum-nakht / ca. 1900-1800 B.C.E.Egyptian
Coffin of Khnum-nakht
ca. 1900-1800 B.C.E.

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Creator Nationality: African; North African; Egyptian
Creator Name-CRT: Egyptian
Title: Coffin of Khnum-nakht
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: -190
Creation End Date: -180
Creation Date: ca. 1900-1800 B.C.E.
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Funerary Containers
Materials and Techniques: Painted wood
Dimensions: L. 82 in. (208.3 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 15.2.2
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1915

The brilliantly painted exterior of the coffin of Khnum-nakht, an individual unknown except for his name, displays the multiplicity of texts and decorative panels characteristic of coffin decoration in the second half of Dynasty 12. It has at least one feature-the figure of the goddess on the head end-that is rare before the late Middle Kingdom. The figures and hieroglyphs have been drawn by the confident hand of a skilled artist and each hieroglyph has been carefully painted in the prescribed manner of the time and place in which the coffin was made.

On the left side of the coffin box there is an architectural facade with a small doorway in the center at the bottom. This is the equivalent of the Old Kingdom false door, which allowed the spirit of the deceased to move between the land of the dead and the land of the living. In this case, it is painted to resemble two wooden door leaves secured with two door bolts. Above the door are two eyes that look forth into the land of the living. The face of the mummy would have been directly behind this panel. The rest of the exterior is inscribed with invocations to, and recitations by, various primeval deities, particularly those associated with death and rebirth, such as Osiris, foremost god of the dead, and Anubis, god of embalming.

AMICA ID: MMA_.15.2.2
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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