Indian / Standing Buddha / Gupta period (ca. 319-500), 5th centuryIndian
Standing Buddha
Gupta period (ca. 319-500), 5th century

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Indian
Creator Name-CRT: Indian
Title: Standing Buddha
Title Type: Object name
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 400
Creation End Date: 499
Creation Date: Gupta period (ca. 319-500), 5th century
Object Type: Sculpture
Materials and Techniques: Mottled red sandstone
Dimensions: H. 33 11/16 in. (85.5 cm), W. 16 3/4 in. (42.5 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1979.6
Credit Line: Purchase, Enid A. Haupt Gift, 1979
Style or Period: Gupta period

The Gupta period (early fourth to early sixth century), often referred to as India's Golden Age, left the indelible imprint of India's cultural genius on the civilization of its neighbors and established an apogee against which later Indian dynasties measured their accomplishments. Cultural achievements reached unsurpassed heights; literature and the arts and sciences flourished under lavish imperial patronage. Reflecting the new rationalism and humanism that permeated all aspects of Gupta culture, art forms and styles developed that provided the prototypes for areas quite distant from the subcontinent. In sculpture the period fostered a new naturalism as well as a harmonious ordering of a new vocabulary of forms. This highly refined system of aesthetics produced softer, gentler curves, fluid transitions from volume to volume, and a sustained and complete harmony of smoothly flowing forms. Disciplined by a strict geometric rationalization, in the fifth century this system evolved into one of humanity's greatest art styles-the classic Gupta style. The Buddha's serene face is composed of full, rounded volumes and smoothly interlocked shapes that form a skillfully balanced totality. Its fulsome appearance, with rounded cheeks, fleshy lips, almond-shaped eyes, and high, gracefully arched eyebrows, is heightened by the potent curve of the loop of the upper hem of the garment below the neck.

AMICA ID: MMA_.1979.6
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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