Northwestern Iran / Jar with frieze of bulls / 8th-7th century B.C.Northwestern Iran
Jar with frieze of bulls
8th-7th century B.C.

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Middle Eastern; Persian
Creator Name-CRT: Northwestern Iran
Title: Jar with frieze of bulls
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: -79
Creation End Date: -60
Creation Date: 8th-7th century B.C.
Creation Place: northwestern Iran
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Vessels
Materials and Techniques: glazed ceramic
Dimensions: H. 17.1 in. (43.5 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 55.121.2
Credit Line: Purchase, Joseph Pulitzer Bequest, 1955

Glazing and glassmaking have a long history in the ancient Near East. A glaze is a layer of glass over a ceramic body. The first objects with a glazed surface were small beads and amulets made of faience, dating to the Ubaid period of the mid-sixth millennium B.C. While isolated examples of true glass beads have been found in contexts of the third millennium B.C., glass was produced on a large scale for the first time around 1600 B.C., perhaps in the Mitanni state of northern Mesopotamia.

This large jar-glazed in green, blue, brown, yellow, white, and black-represents an advanced glazing technique that was in widespread use during the first millennium B.C. Its shoulder is decorated with a wreath of petals, and its body by bulls kneeling before trees. It is one of three jars in the Museum's collection that reportedly were found at the early first millennium B.C. site of Ziwiye in northwestern Iran, but it is also similar in shape and decoration to examples excavated at the Assyrian city of Ashur on the Tigris River in northern Iraq.

AMICA ID: MMA_.55.121.2
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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