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Creator Nationality: Asian; Southeast Asian; Thai
Creator Name-CRT: Thai
Title: Kendi (Spouted Jar)
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1400
Creation End Date: 1599
Creation Date: 15th-16th century
Creation Place: Thailand
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramics
Materials and Techniques: Stoneware with incised design under glaze (Si Satchanalai ware)
Dimensions: H. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm); D. 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm)
AMICA Contributor: Asia Society
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1979.094
Credit Line: Asia Society: The Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection
Context: The history of pottery in Southeast Asia reflects complicated relationships among the ceramics of the region's different countries and peoples, as well as with the ceramics of China to the north. The flourishing of a ceramic industry in north-central Thailand during the 14th through 16th centuries and possibly later has been attributed to Chinese trade policies, particularly green-glazed wares such as this kendi (spouted jar). Often called celadons in the West (after a character in a 17th-century French play who wore a green costume), green-glazed ceramics can be traced back to early periods in Chinese history, some manufactured specifically for export throughout Asia. The most famous of the Thai green-glazed ceramics are known both as Sawankhalok and as Si Satchanalai. Sawankhalok is the current name of the region where they were produced. During the time of the Sukhothai empire (c. 1350-1451), this area was known as Si Satchanalai, a designation now commonly used for these works. Recent archaeological findings suggest that several hundred kilns were active in this region, producing many types of ceramics in addition to the famed green-glazed wares.
This kendi vessel is characteristic of Si Satchanalai pieces, particularly those intended for export to Indonesia and the Philippines. The vessel is covered with an olive-colored glaze and potted using a fairly grainy, dark buff-colored clay that contains traces of red. It is possible that the impetus behind the development of this vessel comes from the Indonesian tradition, in which ceramic and bronze kendi were used for pouring libations in Buddhist ceremonies. Many forms of the kendi are known: they are generally distinguished by their spherical bodies and by the use of the neck both as a handle and for filling the vessel.
Related Document Description: Asia Society. Handbook of the Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection. New York: Asia Society, , p. 45.
AMICA ID: ASIA.1979.094
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, Asia Society
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