Peru, South Coast, Ocucaje site, Ica Valley, Paracas style (700 BC-AD1) / Mummy Bundle "Mask" / 200 BC-1Peru, South Coast, Ocucaje site, Ica Valley, Paracas style (700 BC-AD1)
Mummy Bundle "Mask"
200 BC-1

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Creator Nationality: North American; Central American; Mesoamerican
Creator Name-CRT: Peru, South Coast, Ocucaje site, Ica Valley, Paracas style (700 BC-AD1)
Title: Mummy Bundle "Mask"
Title Type: Primary
View: Back
Creation Start Date: -20
Creation End Date: 1
Creation Date: 200 BC-1
Object Type: Textiles
Classification Term: Textiles
Materials and Techniques: cotton and pigment, plain weave
Dimensions: Overall: 66cm x 20.9cm x 3.8cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1940.516
Credit Line: The Norweb Collection

The Paracas people of Peru's South Coast buried their dead in pear-shaped mummy bundles made of a seated human body carefully wrapped in garments and other textiles. Sometimes a painted cloth was placed at the top of the bundle, as though it served as the bundle's face, head, or "mask." The cloth was padded on the back so it curved outward like a face, and the tress-like yarns (unwoven warps) at the upper edge were arranged around a solid cotton disk that, in turn, was wrapped with a headband (see photo). Some cloths were painted with mask-like faces, and others with full figures, apparently mythical creatures.

A painted mummy bundle "mask" still stitched to cotton padding and attached, via unwoven yarns at the top, to a solid cotton disk around which headbands are wound. Photo of a mask at the Textile Museum (91.857) from Andean Art at Dumbarton Oaks, Fig. 123, Washington, D.C., 1996

AMICA ID: CMA_.1940.516
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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