Italy / Page from an Antiphonal / 1426- 1450Italy
Page from an Antiphonal
1426- 1450

View Larger Image

View Full Catalog Record Below

This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world. offers subscriptions to this collection, the finest art image database available on the internet. EVERY image has full curatorial text and can be studied in depth by zooming into the smallest details from within the Image Workspace.
Preview the AMICA Library™ Public Collection in Luna Browser Now

  • Cultures and time periods represented range from contemporary art, to ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian works.
  • Types of works include paintings, drawings, watercolors, sculptures, costumes, jewelry, furniture, prints, photographs, textiles, decorative art, books and manuscripts.

Gain access to this incredible resource through either a monthly or a yearly subscription and search the entire collection from your desktop, compare multiple images side by side and zoom into the minute details of the images. Visit for more information on the collection, click on the link below the revolving thumbnail to the right, or email us at .

Creator Nationality: Italy, Milan
Creator Name-CRT: Italy
Title: Page from an Antiphonal
View: front
Creation Start Date: 1426
Creation End Date: 1450
Creation Date: 1426- 1450
Object Type: Books
Classification Term: Manuscript
Materials and Techniques: Ink, gouache and gilding on vellum
Dimensions: H.22-3/4 x W.29-5/8 in. (sheet)
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 43.20
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Robert Lehman
Context: The historiated initial I designates the opening words of the Book of Genesis, "In principio"-"In the beginning." This biblical account of the Creation is the first lesson in the matins service (about 2:30 a.m.) on Septuagesima Sunday, which occurs seventy days before Easter. This miniature contains an atypical depiction of Christ in his role as Salvator Mundi (Savior of the World), holding a cross and making a sign of benediction. Normally Christ holds a globe (or orb) surmounted by a cross, signifying his sovereignty over the earth; here they are shown as separate components. The border decoration, confined to a vertical chain of acanthus scrolls along one side, is typical of 15th-century Milanese manuscripts. It terminates with a dragon, symbolizing the devil in the serpent form he assumed in the Genesis story. Since it was the devil who tempted Eve to commit the first sin, the serpent is a standard illustration for this page. By the 15th century, the dense Gothic littera textualis was generally replaced by the littera rotonda, a simpler and more legible script based on the slightly rounded letters in ancient Roman writing. The development of littura rotonda directly reflected the Renaissance goal of reviving the forms and principles of classical art and literature
AMICA ID: MIA_.43.20
AMICA Library Year: 2003
Media Metadata Rights:

AMICA PUBLIC RIGHTS: a) Access to the materials is granted for personal and non-commercial use. b) A full educational license for non-commercial use is available from Cartography Associates at c) Licensed users may continue their examination of additional materials provided by Cartography Associates, and d) commercial rights are available from the rights holder.

Home | Subscribe | Preview | Benefits | About | Help | Contact
Copyright © 2007 Cartography Associates.
All rights reserved.