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Creator Nationality: Asian; Middle Eastern; Palestinian
Creator Name-CRT: Palestine, Crusader Period, late 11th-12th Century
Title: Ampulla (Oil Flask) with The Crucifixion (obverse) and Christ's Descent into Limbo (reverse)
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1099
Creation End Date: 1200
Creation Date: c. 1099-1200
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Metalwork
Materials and Techniques: lead
Dimensions: Overall: 4.3cm x 2.9cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1999.234
Credit Line: Gift of Bruce Ferrini in memory of Robert P. Bergman
Style or Period: Crusader Period
Context: Jerusalem experienced a revival of Christian pilgrimage in the Middle Ages. During the 12th century, after the city was recaptured from the Muslims by the Crusaders, the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was rebuilt, redecorated, and rededicated. With the influx of new pilgrims, especially from Western Europe, lead oil ampullae (small flasks) such as this were briefly reintroduced. The flask was cast with images of the Crucifixion and Anastasis (Christ's Descent into Limbo), which establish a visual connection with the holy sites of Christ's death and entombment. This ampulla belongs to an extremely rare group.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1999.234
AMICA Library Year: 2001
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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