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Creator Nationality: European; Southern European; Italian
Creator Name-CRT: Northern Italy, 15th Century
Title: Leaf from a Gradual: Initial S with the Brith of the Virgin
Title Type: Primary
Title: Initial S with the Birth of the Virgin: Leaf from a Gradual
Title Type: Former
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1415
Creation End Date: 1455
Creation Date: c. 1420-50
Creation Place: northern Italy
Object Type: Books
Classification Term: Manuscript
Materials and Techniques: ink, tempera and gold on vellum
Dimensions: Each leaf: 52.1cm x 34.9cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1999.132
Credit Line: The Jeanne Miles Blackburn Collection
Provenance: [Bruce Ferrini, Akron].
Context: Leaf from a Gradual:Initial S: Birth of the Virgin, about 1420-50Northern ItalyInk, tempera, and gold on vellumThe Jeanne Miles Blackburn Collection CMA 1999.132[Cat. no. 76]This beautiful leaf is dominated by a large "S" from which sprays of foliage inhabited by a putto, a rabbit, and a stork extend into the left margin. Within the double curve of the "S" are scenes representing the Birth of the Virgin. The Virgin's mother, St. Anne, occupies the birthing bed in the upper scene. Below, the infant Mary has been bathed and wrapped in swaddling clothes.In manuscript missals and their musical counterparts, called graduals, votive masses are generally assigned one to each day of the week, with Saturday being reserved for the Blessed Virgin. The votive Mass to the Virgin varied from season to season. Three masses were, therefore, supplied-one for Advent, one used from Christmas to Purification, and a third, represented by this leaf, to be used from Purification to Advent. The text, Salve sancta parens (Hail Holy Parent) indicates that this leaf was to be used for the Saturday votive Mass of the Virgin, celebrated on September 8th in the liturgical calendar.The identity of the artist remains elusive as does his precise origin. The figure style and ornament suggest a source in North Italy, perhaps in an artistic center such as Pavia, Mantua, or Padua.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1999.132
AMICA Library Year: 2001
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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