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Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Indian
Creator Name-CRT: India, Gandhara
Title: The Temptation of Buddha by Mara and his Daughters
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 100
Creation End Date: 299
Creation Date: 2nd-3rd Century
Object Type: Sculpture
Classification Term: Sculpture-stone
Materials and Techniques: Gray schist
Dimensions: Overall: 73.66cm x 57.2cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1997.151
Credit Line: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund
Style or Period: India, Gandhara
Context: Sculptural reliefs with scenes from the life of the historical Buddha, Sakyamuni, are among the most popular objects found in Gandharan art. They decorated Buddhist mountains in great profusion.This relief refers to the unsuccessful attempt by the demon Mara and his daughters to prevent the Buddha's enlightenment while he meditated under the bodhi tree. The bodhi tree (which symbolizes enlightenment) in the center divides the composition of the stele into two parts. Buddha stands at the left, surrounded by attendants. He is youthful and beautiful and conveys a sense of spirituality resulting from the victory over his tormentors. Facing him on the opposite side of the bodhi tree is Mara (shown here as an arrogant, youthful nobleman), in the company of his daughters, the beautiful temptresses, whose efforts to seduce Buddha prove futile.The Greco-Roman style of Gandhara (which developed in the aftermath of the Alexandrian invasion of Northwest India and flourished there during the first three centuries of the Christian era) has a very important place in the development of the Indian school of sculpture.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1997.151
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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