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Creator Nationality: Asian; Anatolian; Byzantine
Creator Name-CRT: Byzantine
Title: Fragment of a Lintel
View: Principal view
Creation Start Date: 400
Creation End Date: 550
Creation Date: 400?550
Creation Place: Probably made in Roman Syria
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: Limestone
Dimensions: 20 x 19 1/2 x 7 in. (50.8 x 49.5 x 17.8 cm)
Description: The deeply carved decoration on this fragment resembles that on the door and window frames of early monumental churches in Syria. The symbol that divides the central roundel was understood as both a cross and a Christogram, the monogram for Christ's name formed from the first two letters of his name in Greek, chi (X) and rho (r). The alpha (A) and omega (w) that flank the cross, the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet, were widely used by Christians as symbols of the eternal nature of God. Their use was inspired by John the Evangelist's vision on the isle of Patmos (Revelation 1:8): "I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty."
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York
ID Number: 69.15
Credit Line: Purchase, Anonymous, 1969
Copyright: Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All rights reserved.
AMICA ID: MMA_.69.15
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright (c) 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All Rights Reserved
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