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Creator Name: Picasso, Pablo
Creator Nationality: European; Iberian; Spanish
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1881 - 1973
Creator Birth Place: Málaga, Spain
Creator Death Place: Mougins, France
Creator Name-CRT: Pablo Picasso
Title: The Harem
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1906
Creation End Date: 1906
Creation Date: 1906
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: oil on canvas
Dimensions: Framed: 163.2cm x 120cm x 6.1cm, Unframed: 154.3cm x 110cm
Inscriptions: Signed upper left: "Picasso"
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1958.45
Credit Line: Bequest of Leonard C. Hanna, Jr.
Copyright: ? Estate of Pablo Picasso / Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York
Provenance: John Quinn, New York (1926); (P. Rosenberg, New York, 1928)
Context: In 1904 Picasso abandoned the cold colors and gloomy themes of his Blue Period (1901-1904) for the poetic images of the Rose Period (1904-1906). In the summer of 1906, he visited Spain with his lover, Fernande Olivier. They spent most of their time in the reomte village of Gósol in the Pyrenees Mountains. Captivated by Fernande's beauty, Picasso repeatedly sketched her bathing, combing her hair, and looking at herself in a mirror. This painting combines various views of Fernande performing these tasks, but places her in a context reminiscent of the bathing and harem scenes found in 19th-century painting. Typical of such scenes, an old procuress crouches in the far corner and a man grasps a porró, a phallic-shaped Spanish drinking vessel.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1958.45
AMICA Library Year: 2001
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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