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Creator Name: Unknown
Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Indian
Creator Name-CRT: India, Amaravati, Satavahana Period
Title: Adoration of the Bodhi Tree
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 100
Creation End Date: 199
Creation Date: 2nd century
Object Type: Sculpture
Materials and Techniques: Limestone
Dimensions: Overall: 80cm x 57.1cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1970.43
Credit Line: Purchase from the J. H. Wade Fund
Style or Period: India, Amaravati, Satavahana Period
Context: While the Gandhara and Mathura styles flourished in north and central India, another style developed in the south: the Andhra style, named after Andhra Pradesh province, or Satavahana, after the name of the ruling dynasty. Like the contemporary northernstyles, it served predominantly Buddhism. Its major monument, no longer extant, was the stupa of Amaravati. That monument was richly decorated with sculptural reliefs depicting scenes from jatakas (previous lives of Buddha) and images of the master.The relief here represents what is referred to as an aniconic scene, depicting the worship of the bodhi tree under which Buddha achieved his enlightenment. In aniconic depictions Buddha is not shown in anthropomorphic form, but represented by various symbols,such as the bodhi tree, royal umbrella, imprint of his feet, or his throne. Three figures (two males and one female) are shown adoring the tree. They carry vases with flowers as offerings, pouring flowers at the base of the tree. The male figure on the rightof the panel is badly mutilated and a section of the tree on the top is missing.The relief presents the new sense of realism and elegance that characterize the Andhra style. Figures are deeply carved in a variety of postures and they overlap, creatinga sense of perspective and giving the impression that they exist within space. Compositions are usually crowded with figures who are slim and elegant in their elongation and convey vitality and movement.The stone used by Andhra sculptors is a white-green limestone that looks like marble and distinguishes sculptures of this school from all others. Sculptures in the Amaravati style are relatively rare. The largest group survives in the British Museum in London (more than 120 pieces), and others are in theMadras Museum, and the Musée Guimet in Paris. In the United States, museum collections in Boston, Kansas City, Los Angeles, the Metropolitan in New York, and Cleveland have some examples. In addition to this relief, the Cleveland museum has another oneofaniconic subject, the pillar of fire. S.C.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1970.43
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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