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Creator Name: Shi, Rui
Creator Nationality: Chinese
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1282 - 1328
Creator Name-CRT: Shi Rui
Title: Greeting the New Year
Title Type: Primary
Creation Start Date: 1426
Creation End Date: 1470
Creation Date: 15th Century
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: handscroll, ink, color, and gold on silk
Dimensions: Overall: 25.5cm x 170.2cm
Inscriptions: Artist's 2 seals: Shih shih I-ming; Yu-hsi han-mo.Title on frontispiece by Chu Ch'ang-i, dated 1849: Pavilions in the Mountains of the Immortals (Hsien-shan lou-kuan) by the Junior General of the T'ang Dynasty.1 inscription, dated 1639, and 1 seal of Hsiao Yýn-ts'ung (1596-1673). 4 colophons and 30 additional seals: 1 seal of Hsý Ch'ien-hsýeh (1631-1694); 1 seal of Li Chien (1747-1799); 1 seal of Chang Chin-fang (18th c.); 2 seals of Sun Erh-chun (1770-1832); 1 colophon and 2 seals of Chang Wei-p'ing (1780-1859); 1 seal of Wu Yung-kuang (1773-1843); 1 colophon and 2 seals of Lo T'ien-ch'ih (1826 chin-shih); 7 seals of Wu Yýan-kui (19th c.); 2 colophons and 4 seals of P'ang Cheng-wei (19th c.); 9 seals unidentified.Inscription by Hsiao Yýn-ts'ung:This is a painting by the Junior General Li. The painting is damaged and cracked at many places. Many of the paper strips for backing have been missing since long ago, but the colors are still fresh as if they had just been applied and the ink still looks moist.During the reign of T'ien-pao (742-756) of the T'ang Dynasty, the Imperial Klansman Li Ssu-hsýn was summoned to paint the walls of the Ta-t'ung Hall. He was known as the "Senior General." His son, who came to be known as the "Junior General," was named Chao-tao.Of the stone epitaph [Li Ssu-hsýn pei, or the "epitaph of Li Ssu-hsýn," one of the best known calligraphic monuments of the T'ang Dynasty], engraved with the calligraphy of Li Pei-hai [Li Yung, 678-747], more than half has fallen off. Why, in contrast, was this painting able to survive? Or could it be that despite the fact that the stone is hard and the silk is soft, their preservation or destruction depends on some other factors? Moreover, since they were titled nobility of imperial descent, it is doubtful that they had the leisure and the mood to indulge in such decorative and descriptive blue and gold painting for the mere amusement of their fellow men. Recently, I read the I-chou Ming-hua lu [by Huang Hsiu-fu, preface 1005]. I found a certain Li Chin-nu who compared himself with Li Chao-tao and was called by the Ssuch'uan people the Junior General Li. In a painting which he did, entitled Mt. Ch'ing-ch'eng, the architectural structure of the pavilions, terraces, bridges, and boats are meticulous and accurate. The horsemen on a spring outing are as small as grain and the wild geese among the clouds as tiny as dust. It was also said that he painted on silk of any length in accordance to specific commissions. Is it possible that this painting is one of his? Since that time 700 years have passed. Yet one of the two Junior General Li's must be our painter.Formerly, there were the so-called "Four Excellents" in the Hall of Portraits of the Buddhist monk Wu-ta Kuo-shih: the [portrait] painting by Ch'ang Ts'an [act. ca. 881-888}, the calligraphy by Priest Tao-ying, the eulogy by Li Shang-yin [813-858], and the landscape by Li Sheng [act. ca. 908-925]. This Li Sheng was styled Chin-nu and was also called Junior General Li.In the tenth month of the Chi-mao year, the twelfth year of the Ch'ung-chen era , recorded by Hsiao Yýn-ts'ung of Ch'ý-hu. trans. WKH
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1973.72
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund
AMICA ID: CMA_.1973.72
AMICA Library Year: 2000
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