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Creator Name: Outerbridge, Paul
Creator Nationality: North American; American
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1898 - 1958
Biography: Paul Outerbridge, Jr. American, 1896-1958Paul Outerbridge, Jr., was a modernist photographer and early pioneer in color work who embarked on a successful advertising career in the 1920s. Following studies at the Art Students League in his native New York(1915-17) and service in the British Royal Flying Corps (Canada) and U.S. Army, Outerbridge enrolled in Clarence H. White's School of Photography in 1921. Influenced by the school's strong emphasis on design, he created carefully composed, often abstracted, still-life studies of everyday objects. After a year of study he began work as a commercial photographer, providing innovative images for such publications as Vogue, Vanity Fair, and Harper's Bazaar. He also continued his personal work, producing stilllifes, cityscapes, and figure studies. In 1925 Outerbridge moved to Paris, where he established himself as a freelance photographer and became acquainted with a number of artists, including Man Ray, Marcel Duchamp, and Berenice Abbott. Three years laterhe was in Berlin working on motion pictures and that same year also worked in London as a set advisor to film director E. A. Dupont. Returning to the United States in 1929, Outerbridge resumed his commercial work, first in New York City, then in Monsey, New York. He also experimented with color photography, perfecting the three-color carbo process technique that he used during the 1930s. Outerbridge moved to Hollywood in 1943, but soon left to settle in Laguna Beach and open a small portrait studio. Following his marriage to fashion designer Lois Weir in 1945, Outerbridge closed his studio to focus on their joint fashion business, Lois-Paul Originals. He also traveled extensively during these years. From the mid-1950s until his death in 1958, Outerbridgecontributed a column on color photography to U.S. Camera magazine. M.M.
Creator Birth Place: New York, NY
Creator Death Place: Laguna Beach, CA
Creator Name-CRT: Paul Outerbridge
Title: The Dutch Girl
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1936
Creation End Date: 1936
Creation Date: 1936
Object Type: Photographs
Classification Term: Photography
Materials and Techniques: assembly process color print (three-color carbro process)
Dimensions: Sheet: 55cm x 40.4cm, Image: 49.4cm x 29.2cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1942.1163
Credit Line: Gift of Mrs. Ralph S. Allen
Context: Throughout his career, Outerbridge wrote numerous articles on photography, including both technical essays and more philosophical meditations on his favorite subjects---feminine beauty and photographing the nude. Eighteenth century French paintings, particularly depictions of harem scenes, appear to have been a direct source for his erotic nudes. Both Outerbridge and the French painters he admired presented the female nude with a balance of classical, naive innocence and worldly sensuality. In this image, Outerbridge depicted a partially nude young woman, whose averted face is thrown into shadow by her lace cap. He posed the model so that the projecting ends of the cap would echo her breasts.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1942.1163
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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