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Creator Name: Kim, Che
Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Korean
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: aft.1509
Creator Name-CRT: Che Kim
Title: Snowscape with Figures
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1584
Creation End Date: 1584
Creation Date: 1584
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: hanging scroll, ink on silk
Dimensions: Image: 52.3cm x 67.2cm, Overall: 148.6cm x 90.2cm
Inscriptions: Signature and seal of artist and date in upper left corner
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1987.187
Credit Line: Mr. and Mrs. William H. Marlatt Fund
Context: Landscape painting in Korea first appears in the early Koryo dynasty in illustrations to religious sutras, although much older, seventh-century molded ceramic tiles with elaborate landscape designs foreshadow the painting tradition. Historical records of the Koryo period point out examples of colorful landscapes, portraiture, and Buddhist imagery that, by and large, have not survived today. Certainly by the twelfth century, professional as well as amateur scholar-painters actively depicted the landscapeof Korea in addition to imaginary portrayals of China or the Buddhist realms. These three basic pictorial modes are best identified among the work of official court painters in the royal academy (Tohwaso) in the early Choson period. They enjoyed officialpatronage and were also exposed to Chinese Yuan and early Ming dynasty paintings owned by members of the court, whose relations with China had greatly improved. Especially popular among fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Korean patrons were imaginary Chineselandscapes executed in bold dark brushwork, emphasizing stark mountain shapes and vast expanses of space. Kim Che, an important writer and scholar whose father had preceded him at court, was one of the most celebrated court artists of the sixteenth century. His surviving works include figure paintings and landscape compositions in a distinctively Korean style that had emerged a century earlier in the imagery of the legendary artist An Kyon (1418 -?). This painting is important in that it clearly documents Kim Che's painting style at the end of the sixteenth century and thereby provides a basis for understanding other, anonymous works having similar characteristics. This picture features brooding tonal contrasts and expansive distances composed amid an unfolding human narrative of the joys of rustic seclusion. It is winter, yet travelers come and go freely on foot, horse, and by boat. M.R.C.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1987.187
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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