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Creator Name: Reiber, Emile
Creator Nationality: European; French
Creator Role: Designer
Creator Dates/Places: 1826 - 1893
Gender: M
Creator Name-CRT: Emile Reiber
Creator Name: Christofle & Cie.
Creator Role: Manufacturer
Creator Name-CRT: Christofle & CIE
Title: Clock
View: Back
Creation Start Date: 1867
Creation End Date: 1871
Creation Date: about 1869
Creation Place: Paris
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: bronze, silver and gilt bronze
Dimensions: H.20-1/2 x W.19-1/2 x D.7-3/4 (overall)
AMICA Contributor: The Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Owner Location: Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA
ID Number: 96.72a,b
Credit Line: Gift of the Decorative Arts Council

Designed by Emile-Auguste Reiber, director of the design studio at Christofle from 1864 to 1878, this bronze clock illustrates the earliest influences of Japanese art and design on European decorative arts following the reopening of Japan to the Western world in 1854. European artists and designers had their first significant opportunity to study Japanese fine and decorative arts at Japan's pavilion at the Paris International Exposition of 1867.

Reiber's design for this clock combines European and Japanese motifs and styles. The overall form of the clock is derived from an eighteenth century Chinese table screen. The whimsical mythical beast is probably copied from a Japanese shi shi, or mythical lion, netsuke, and the copper inlaid panels depict scenes taken from Japanese paintings, lacquerwork and ceramics.

Reiber had tremendous interest in Japanese motifs as well as techniques imitating Japanese mixed metal and cloisonné work. He spent hours copying Chinese bronzes and Japanese decorative arts, modifying the designs for his work at Christofle, the foremost French firm of silverplating and metalwork during the second half of the nineteenth century.

AMICA ID: MIA_.96.72a,b
Component Measured: overall
Measurement Unit: in
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: ?The Minneapolis Institute of Arts

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