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Creator Name: Cozens, John Robert
Creator Nationality: European; British
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1752 - 1799
Creator Name-CRT: John Robert Cozens
Title: Italian Landscape
Title Type: Primary
Title: A River Landscape with Distant Mountains and Sea
Title Type: alternate
Title: Landscape Compostion with Italian and English Elements
Title: An extensive Italian landscape, probably taken from the road to Velletri, south of Rome, with a distant view of the coast
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1790
Creation End Date: 1792
Creation Date: c. 1790-92
Object Type: Drawings and Watercolors
Materials and Techniques: Watercolor over graphite
Dimensions: Sheet: 48.7cm x 66.9cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1997.137
Credit Line: Leonard C. Hanna, Jr. Fund
Context: During the 18th century, views of Italy and the continent were in great demand among travelers. John Robert Cozens, who journeyed to Italy and Switzerland twice in his career, made pencil and wash sketches from which he later derived watercolors for various patrons. He often repeated works---some exist in eight or nine versions. The view in Italian Landscape is probably based on one of the sketches made on Cozen's second trip to Italy. It exists in only one version and, unlike many of the artist's watercolors, has escaped overexposure to light. The subtlety of the washes of gray, green, and blue (the artist preferred to limit himself to these colors) emphasizes the broad expanse of land and sky. Typical of Cozens's interest in representing universal themes, the subject is nature itself and humanity's small place within it.John Robert Cozens's watercolors became the basis of the romantic school of English landscape drawing. His renown comes from the grand simplicity of his compositions, which are based in reality rather than the imaginary or classical. A solitary and grave man, Cozens went mad in 1794.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1997.137
AMICA Library Year: 1999
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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