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Creator Name: Courbet, Gustave
Creator Dates/Places: French, 1819 - 1877
Creator Name-CRT: Gustave Courbet
Title: Portrait of Regis Courbet, the Artist's Father
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1848
Creation End Date: 1849
Creation Date: 1848-1849
Object Type: Paintings
Materials and Techniques: Watercolor and pencil on wove paper
Dimensions: Diameter: 4 5/8 in. (11.75 cm.) Framed dimensions: 8 3/4 x 8 3/4 x 1 1/2 in. (22.225 x 22.225 x 3.81 cm.)
AMICA Contributor: Dallas Museum of Art
Owner Location: Dallas, Texas, USA
ID Number: 1985.R.19
Credit Line: Dallas Museum of Art, The Wendy and Emery Reves Collection
Context: Paul C¿zanne's landscape paintings are often centered on houses, virtually all empty, abandoned, or ruined. But with the irony common in C¿zanne's oeuvre, these dwellings provide a stable center to the landscapes in which they are placed, almost as if they will be re-populated later. C¿zanne's "romance" with empty houses began in 1873-1874, when he painted the famous "House of the Hanged Man" (Mus¿e d'Orsay, Paris), which was among his submissions to the first impressionist exhibition of 1874. The rugged canvas represents an inaccessible house, its door closed, its windows shuttered. C¿zanne's title for the painting tells us this is the empty house of a suicide victim, whose death-in-sin forever haunts the house and C¿zanne's painting of it.Although it lacks a narrative title, the Reves "Abandoned House near Aix-en-Provence" has all the mystery of "House of the Hanged Man." No curtains, no shutters, no doorknob, no houseplants give life to this abandoned house, and its central position in a landscape with no additional architecture makes it seem all the emptier. Its isolation is further enforced by C¿zanne's decision to deny the viewer any access. The blank doorway is blocked by a stone wall and a large earthen mound, and no pathway is visible. The area surrounding the house is neglected and overgrown.The dwelling C¿zanne depicted in this painting is called a "mas" in the Proven¿al language. With its roots in Roman architecture, "mas" abound in Provence and provide a link between the contemporary countryside of the region and the remote ancient civilization that left such an enduring mark on it. Traditional "mas" are cubic masses of stone with low-pitched gabled roofs covered with half-cylindrical tiles. The structures' openings are small and tend not to be placed on the north side. This one seems to be represented from its south fa¿ade, on which the doorway and the largest window were customarily placed. A "mas" is at once contemporary and timeless, an
AMICA ID: DMA_.1985.R.19
AMICA Library Year: 2003
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