Étienne Bobillet / Mourner / ca. 1453Étienne Bobillet
ca. 1453

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Creator Name: Bobillet, √Čtienne
Creator Nationality: European; Netherlandish
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: Franco-Netherlandish, active in Bourges, 1453
Creator Name-CRT: √Čtienne Bobillet
Creator Name: de Mosselman, Paul
Creator Name-CRT: Paul de Mosselman
Title: Mourner
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1451
Creation End Date: 1455
Creation Date: ca. 1453
Object Type: Sculpture
Classification Term: Sculpture-stone
Materials and Techniques: alabaster
Dimensions: H. 15 1/8 in. (38.4 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 17.190.389
Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917
Rights: http://www.metmuseum.org/

The tomb at Bourges of Jean, duc de Berry (1340-1416), was begun by Jean de Cambrai and completed by √Čtienne Bobillet and Paul de Mosselman. For the duke's tomb, his life-size portrait-effigy was placed on top of a sarcophagus, with figures of mourners rendered in high relief along its sides. The idea of surrounding the tomb with such figures most likely derived from an early-thirteenth-century custom of attaching tokens of sorrowful remembrance of the deceased to his sarcophagus. Here the figures may represent specific members of the duke's family. The faces of the mourners are hidden by deep hoods, and their bodies are engulfed by the voluminous cloaks so typical of Burgundian sculpture. The duke's tomb was vandalized during the French Revolution, and the mourner figures were destroyed or dispersed. Of the original forty statuettes, only twenty-five survive, including this impressive example.

AMICA ID: MMA_.17.190.389
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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