Spanish / Processional Cross / Late 11th-early 12th centurySpanish
Processional Cross
Late 11th-early 12th century

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Creator Nationality: European; Iberian; Spanish
Creator Name-CRT: Spanish
Title: Processional Cross
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1066
Creation End Date: 1133
Creation Date: Late 11th-early 12th century
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Metalwork-Silver
Materials and Techniques: Silver, partially gilt on wood core, carved gems, jewels
Dimensions: 23 1/4 x 19 in. (59.1 x 48.3 cm)
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 17.190.1406
Credit Line: Gift of J. Pierpont Morgan, 1917

The figure of Christ flanked by the Virgin and Saint John dominates the front of this Spanish processional cross from the Church of San Salvador de Fuentes in the province of Oviedo. Above the large crystal, which once held a relic, an angel swings a censer. At the bottom, Adam rises from his grave-traditionally believed to be the hill of Golgotha, where Christ was crucified. The juxaposition boldly portrays the scriptural passage: "For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive" (I Corinthians 15:22). The reverse illustrates the Lamb of God surrounded by the beasts that symbolize the authors of the Four Gospels. It also bears a Latin inscription, which translates, "In honor of the Holy Savior: (Sanccia [Sancha] Guidisalvi had me made or made me)." Sanccia, a woman's name, refers to a female donor, but contemporary records do mention women artists working at this time in Spain. Supported by a wooden core, the figural decoration is formed from silver worked in such high relief that all of the figures' heads except Christ's and the Virgin's have broken off.

AMICA ID: MMA_.17.190.1406
AMICA Library Year: 2000
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright The Metropolitan Museum of Art

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