Korean / Two Foliate Bowl-and-Saucer Sets / Koryo period, early 12th centuryKorean
Two Foliate Bowl-and-Saucer Sets
Koryo period, early 12th century

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Korean
Creator Name-CRT: Korean
Title: Two Foliate Bowl-and-Saucer Sets
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1100
Creation End Date: 1133
Creation Date: Koryo period, early 12th century
Creation Place: Korea, South Cholla Province
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramics
Materials and Techniques: Stoneware with glaze
Dimensions: Bowls, H. 3 5/8 in. (9.2 cm), D. 5 3/4 in. (14.6 cm); Saucers, H. 1 1/8 in. (2.9 cm), D. 6 1/4 in. (15.9 cm)
AMICA Contributor: Asia Society
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1979.193.1-4
Credit Line: Asia Society: The Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection
Rights: http://www.asiasociety.org
Context: Although Korean ceramics remain relatively unknown in the West, they have long been studied in East Asia. Stonewares with pale gray-green glazes are among the items listed as "first under heaven" by the 12th-century Chinese author Taiping Laoren, and this type of Korean ceramic is the only non-Chinese item on his list. Korea's famous green-glazed wares also appear in The Illustrated Description of the Chinese Embassy to Korea during the Xuanhe Period (Xuanhe fengsi Gaoli tujing) of about 1124 by the envoy Xu Jing, who described the glaze as sharing "the radiance of jade and the crystal clarity of water."

Green-glazed stonewares were first made in Korea in the 9th and 10th centuries. By the 11th and 12th centuries, they were the most widely produced form of Korean ceramic. A distinctively Korean type of green-glazed stoneware was created in the 12th century, characterized by its inlaid slip decoration; this type remained popular until the 14th century. The main centers for the production of greenwares were Puan in North Cholla Province and Kangjin in South Cholla Province, which are located on the southwest coast of the peninsula.

Korea had strong maritime ties with south China. The development of green-glazed wares in Korea is often linked to the prominence of this tradition in China, particularly during the 9th through 13th centuries. As a result, Koryo-period (918-1392) greenwares sometimes parallel the shapes and decoration of Chinese wares, particularly such southern wares as Yue and Qingbai. Most of the scholarship on Korean green-glazed ceramics (many of which do not depend on Chinese prototypes) and the value placed on Koryo ceramics in China during the late 11th and early 12th centuries suggest that the relationship between Chinese and Korean ceramics may be more complex and interactive than previously thought.

The broad network of cracks seen on these foliate bowl-and-saucer sets, an effect known as "crackle" or "crazing" created
Related Document Description: Mowry, Robert D. 'Korean Art in Western Collections: The Asia Society--The Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection.' Korean Culture 3 (March 1982), pp. 5-6.
Related Document Description: Mowry, Robert D. 'The Sophistication of Song Dynasty Ceramics.' Apollo (November 1983), pp. 398-99.
Related Document Description: Mowry, Robert D. 'Koryo Celadons.' Orientations (May 1986), pp. 25, 39.
Related Document Description: Rhee, Byung-chang. Masterpieces of Korean Art (Kankoku Bijutsu Shusen). Tokyo: Privately printed, 1978, vol. 2, p. 3.
Related Document Description: Treasures of Asian Art: Selections from the Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection, The Asia Society, New York. Hong Kong and Singapore: Hong Kong Museum of Art and National Museum Singapore, 1993, pp. 140, 141.
Related Document Description: Treasures of Asian Art: Selections from the Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection, The Asia Society, New York. Tokyo: Idemitsu Museum of Arts, 1992, pp. 90, 139.
Related Document Description: Asia Society. Handbook of the Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection. New York: Asia Society, [1981], p. 86.
Related Document Description: Gompertz, G.St.G.M. 'Seventeen Centuries of Korean Pottery.' Apollo (August 1968), pp. 106, 109-10.
Related Document Description: Griffing, Robert P., Jr. The Art of the Korean Potter: Silla, Koryo, Yi. New York: Asia Society, 1968, pp. 15, 35, 72, 119.
Related Document Description: Koyama, Fujio. 'Korai Seiji Rinkagata Shinbachi, Ittsui' (A Pair of Koryo Celadon Foliate Bowls). Tosetsu 146 (May 1965), color pl.
Related Document Description: Lee, Sherman E. Asian Art: Selections from the Collection of Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd--Part II. New York: Asia Society, 1975, pp. 92, 103.
Related Document Description: Lee, Sherman E. 'Asian Art of the Rockefellers.' Connaissance des Arts 25 (February 1982), p. 57.
Related Document Description: Mayuyama, Seventy Years. Tokyo: Mayuyama and Co., 1976, vol. 1, p. 382.
AMICA ID: ASIA.1979.193.1-4
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, Asia Society

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