Nepal, c. 12th century / Avalokitesvara Padmapani / c. 12th centuryNepal, c. 12th century
Avalokitesvara Padmapani
c. 12th century

View Larger Image

View Full Catalog Record Below

This image is one of over 108,000 from the AMICA Library (formerly The Art Museum Image Consortium Library- The AMICO Library™), a growing online collection of high-quality, digital art images from over 20 museums around the world. offers subscriptions to this collection, the finest art image database available on the internet. EVERY image has full curatorial text and can be studied in depth by zooming into the smallest details from within the Image Workspace.
Preview the AMICA Library™ Public Collection in Luna Browser Now

  • Cultures and time periods represented range from contemporary art, to ancient Greek, Roman, and Egyptian works.
  • Types of works include paintings, drawings, watercolors, sculptures, costumes, jewelry, furniture, prints, photographs, textiles, decorative art, books and manuscripts.

Gain access to this incredible resource through either a monthly or a yearly subscription and search the entire collection from your desktop, compare multiple images side by side and zoom into the minute details of the images. Visit for more information on the collection, click on the link below the revolving thumbnail to the right, or email us at .

Creator Nationality: Asian; Indian Sub-Continent; Nepalese
Creator Dates/Places: Nepal
Creator Active Place: Nepal
Creator Name-CRT: Nepal, c. 12th century
Title: Avalokitesvara Padmapani
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1080
Creation End Date: 1219
Creation Date: c. 12th century
Object Type: Sculpture
Materials and Techniques: bronze
Dimensions: Overall: 62cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1976.3
Credit Line: John L. Severance Fund
Context: The Nepalese bronze seen here represents one of the most revered Buddhist deities, the Bodhisattva of Mercy, Avalokiteshvara. This iconography is attested by the seated figure of Buddha Amitabha in his crown, always present with this deity. The image sometimes is referred to as Padmapani (lotus bearer) since the lotus stalk held in his hand is another identifying mark of this bodhisattva. Here it is held in his proper left hand, shown in the flower-holding gesture (kataka mudra) although now the stem isbroken off. The right hand expresses a boon-conferring gesture (varada mudra). The bodhisattva is clad in a dhoti and adorned with the rich ornaments and the long sacred-thread (yajnopavita). The subtle sway of the body gives it a special rhythm and grace, which is further emphasized by the beautiful and spiritualized face, lighted by a compassionate smile. The unusually sensitive rendering of the body, with its smooth and highly polished skin surfaces, contrasts successfully with the sharp definition ofthe ornaments and clothing, making this image particularly appealing. The twelfth century was one of the most prolific and accomplished periods in metal casting in Nepal, of which this image is eloquent evidence. Not only is it large (by bronze standards) but technically and aesthetically it is a masterpiece. It is one of the most important and beautiful Nepalese bronzes in existence today. The technique, as customary, was cire perdue, the lost wax method. Finishing touches were then added by hand; here they include an additional inlay of semi-precious stones enhancing the ornaments. As a rule images were gilt, of which only slight evidence remains on this bronze. Yet the high copper content, typical of Nepalese bronzes, gives it an unusually deep brownishcoloring that is particularly attractive. S.C.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1976.3
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

AMICA PUBLIC RIGHTS: a) Access to the materials is granted for personal and non-commercial use. b) A full educational license for non-commercial use is available from Cartography Associates at c) Licensed users may continue their examination of additional materials provided by Cartography Associates, and d) commercial rights are available from the rights holder.

Home | Subscribe | Preview | Benefits | About | Help | Contact
Copyright © 2007 Cartography Associates.
All rights reserved.