Chinese / Dish / Ming period, Hongzhi era, 1488-1505Chinese
Ming period, Hongzhi era, 1488-1505

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Far East Asian; Chinese
Creator Name-CRT: Chinese
Title: Dish
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1488
Creation End Date: 1505
Creation Date: Ming period, Hongzhi era, 1488-1505
Creation Place: China, Jiangxi Province
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Classification Term: Ceramics
Materials and Techniques: Porcelain with overglaze yellow enamel (Jingdezhen ware)
Dimensions: H. 1 3/4 in. (4.4 cm); D. 8 1/2 in. (21.6 cm)
AMICA Contributor: Asia Society
Owner Location: New York, New York, USA
ID Number: 1979.179
Credit Line: Asia Society: The Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection
Context: A change from delicate shapes and elegant designs to larger, bolder forms and new decorative motifs distinguishes Chinese ceramics produced from the late 15th through mid-17th century. This change reflects both the weakening of imperial control and the development of new domestic and foreign markets in response to the loss of imperial patronage. Imperial ceramics were produced during the reigns of the Hongzhi (1488-1505), Zhengde (1506-1521), Jiajing (1522-1566), Longqing (1567-1572), and Wanli (1573-1620) emperors. By the end of the Wanli reign, however, the production of imperial ceramics was officially halted, largely because money had to be raised to cover the expense of resisting the Manchu armies, which would eventually conquer all of China.

The ceramics produced at the Jingdezhen kilns in the late 15th and early 16th centuries for imperial use continued the shapes and decoration of earlier Ming porcelains. The rounded form and brilliant yellow glaze of this dish, dating to the Hongzhi era, rely on prototypes established in the early 15th century. The base of the dish has a six-character reign mark (an inscription identifying the name of the dynasty and the reign name of an emperor). Ceramics glazed with a single color, such as this one, appear to have been used primarily as ceremonial vessels, and yellow pieces are known to have decorated the Altar of Earth (Diqitan), one of the four main altars used in imperial ceremonies and sacrifices.

Related Document Description: Asia Society. Handbook of the Mr. and Mrs. John D. Rockefeller 3rd Collection. New York: Asia Society, [1981], p. 79.
AMICA ID: ASIA.1979.179
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, Asia Society

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