Édouard Baldus / Eglise d'Auvers / 1855Édouard Baldus
Eglise d'Auvers

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Creator Name: Baldus, Édouard-Denis
Creator Nationality: European; French
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1813 - 1889
Biography: Édouard Baldus French, b. Prussia, 1813 - 1889The large and regal prints made by Édouard-Denis Baldus are widely agreed to be among the finest photographic images ever produced. After serving as an artillery officer in the Prussian army, Baldus left his native country for France during the 1830s to become a painter. He exhibited his paintings of religious subjects, portraits, and genre scenes in the Paris Salons from 1841 - 51 and was naturalized as a French citizen in 1849, the same year his interests turned to photography. Combining his training in painting with an inquisitive, inventive technical expertise, Baldus produced a body of work of exceptional quality and interest. His subjects included architecture, landscape, and engineering feats. In 1851 the Commission des monuments historiques selected him for the Missions héliographique?a government project that sponsored the photographing of endangered classical and medieval architecture in France. For this important series Baldus produced views of Burgundy, Provence, and the Dauphiné, and the following year he completed a commission for the Ministry of the Interior. In 1855 he began his photography of railroads, some of his most distinctive work. A copy of his album recording the line between Paris and Boulogne was presented to Queen Victoria. He also documented the flooding of the Rhone, as well as construction of the new Louvre and other Paris views. A founding member of the Société héliographique and a member of the Société française de photographie (1857), Baldus exhibited his photographs widely in London, Amsterdam, Edinburgh, Brussels, and Paris and won numerous medals of award. A master printer, he produced combination prints in the early 1850s, frequently retouching his images with pencil and ink. His best work appears most often in specially assembled albums -- such as Les principaux Monuments de la France reproduits en héliogravure par E. Baldus, published in 1875 from plates drawn from earlier negatives. Today, his work continues to be muchsought after and to set a standard by which other photographers are judged. T.W.F.
Gender: M
Creator Birth Place: Prussia
Creator Name-CRT: Édouard Baldus
Title: Eglise d'Auvers
Title Type: Foreign
Title: Church at Auvers
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1855
Creation End Date: 1855
Creation Date: 1855
Object Type: Photographs
Classification Term: Photography
Materials and Techniques: salted paper print from waxed paper negative
Dimensions: Image: 33.4cm x 43.7cm
Inscriptions: Written in in black ink on recto: "Eglise d'Auvers"; in pencil: "X"
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1992.120
Credit Line: Andrew R. and Martha Holden Jennings Fund
Rights: http://www.clemusart.com/museum/disclaim2.html
Context: Édouard Baldus's prodigious and compelling documentation of French historic buildings earned him recognition as the first great French architectural photographer. This image of Notre Dame at Auvers-sur-Oise, north of Paris, is from a sequence of fifty views of the railroad stations and principal sites along the route between Boulogne-sur-mer and Paris. This Gothic-style village church was once a chapel for a manor house that has since disappeared.
AMICA ID: CMA_.1992.120
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art

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