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Creator Name: Baldus, Édouard-Denis
Creator Nationality: European; French
Creator Role: Artist
Creator Dates/Places: 1813 - 1889
Biography: Édouard Baldus French, b. Prussia, 1813 - 1889The large and regal prints made by Édouard-Denis Baldus are widely agreed to be among the finest photographic images ever produced. After serving as an artillery officer in the Prussian army, Baldus left his native country for France during the 1830s to become a painter. He exhibited his paintings of religious subjects, portraits, and genre scenes in the Paris Salons from 1841 - 51 and was naturalized as a French citizen in 1849, the same year his interests turned to photography. Combining his training in painting with an inquisitive, inventive technical expertise, Baldus produced a body of work of exceptional quality and interest. His subjects included architecture, landscape, and engineering feats. In 1851 the Commission des monuments historiques selected him for the Missions héliographique?a government project that sponsored the photographing of endangered classical and medieval architecture in France. For this important series Baldus produced views of Burgundy, Provence, and the Dauphiné, and the following year he completed a commission for the Ministry of the Interior. In 1855 he began his photography of railroads, some of his most distinctive work. A copy of his album recording the line between Paris and Boulogne was presented to Queen Victoria. He also documented the flooding of the Rhone, as well as construction of the new Louvre and other Paris views. A founding member of the Société héliographique and a member of the Société française de photographie (1857), Baldus exhibited his photographs widely in London, Amsterdam, Edinburgh, Brussels, and Paris and won numerous medals of award. A master printer, he produced combination prints in the early 1850s, frequently retouching his images with pencil and ink. His best work appears most often in specially assembled albums -- such as Les principaux Monuments de la France reproduits en héliogravure par E. Baldus, published in 1875 from plates drawn from earlier negatives. Today, his work continues to be muchsought after and to set a standard by which other photographers are judged. T.W.F.
Creator Birth Place: Prussia
Creator Name-CRT: Édouard Baldus
Title: Notre Dame, Paris
Title Type: Primary
View: Full View
Creation Start Date: 1852
Creation End Date: 1853
Creation Date: 1852-1853
Object Type: Photographs
Classification Term: Photography
Materials and Techniques: salted paper print from wet collodion negative
Dimensions: Image: 29.5cm x 44.7cm
AMICA Contributor: The Cleveland Museum of Art
Owner Location: Cleveland, Ohio, USA
ID Number: 1991.35
Credit Line: Edwin R. and Harriet Pelton Perkins Memorial Fund
AMICA ID: CMA_.1991.35
AMICA Library Year: 1998
Media Metadata Rights:
Copyright, The Cleveland Museum of Art
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