Byzantine / Icon with Christ Antiphonetes / ca. 1350 or laterByzantine
Icon with Christ Antiphonetes
ca. 1350 or later

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Creator Nationality: Asian; Anatolian; Byzantine
Creator Dates/Places: Probably made in Greece
Creator Name-CRT: Byzantine
Title: Icon with Christ Antiphonetes
View: Principal view
Creation Start Date: 1340
Creation End Date: 1360
Creation Date: ca. 1350 or later
Object Type: Decorative Arts and Utilitarian Objects
Materials and Techniques: Steatite
Dimensions: 2 5/8 x 2 1/8 x 3/4 in. (6.7 x 5.4 x 1.9 cm)
Description: The icon carries a Greek inscription identifying Christ as Antiphonetes, "the guarantor." A famous icon of Christ was so named because, according to a miracle story, it had been held as loan collateral by a creditor. The Byzantine empress Zoƫ (r. 1028?50) had coins struck with the Antiphonetes image and kept an icon of the type close at hand. "I myself have often seen her, in moments of great distress, clasp the sacred object in her hands, contemplate it, talk to it as if it were indeed alive, and address it with one sweet term of endearment after another," wrote court historian Michael Psellos (1018?ca. 1081).
AMICA Contributor: The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Owner Location: New York, New York
ID Number: 1979.217
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1979
Copyright: Copyright ? 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All rights reserved.
AMICA ID: MMA_.1979.217
AMICA Library Year: 2002
Media Metadata Rights: Copyright (c) 2002 The Metropolitan Museum of Art. All Rights Reserved

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