April 4, 2015 - 15,342 New Maps Added

15,342  new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 58,078 maps and related images. Highlights in this addition are over 2,000 Pictorial Maps; the Claes Janszoon Visscher 1611 Leo Belgicus map;  the 1570 and 1608 editions of the Ortelius Theatrum Orbis Terrarum; a massive group of German Invasion plans for England, Wales, and Ireland in WW II; 1682 Map of the areas around Mexico City; 2 important early atlases of Swiss Topography; Seutter's 1744 Atlas Minor; Harriet E. Baker's extraordinary 1819 Book of Penmanship; 1886 Imperial Federation Map of the British Empire; Henry Wellge's beautiful panoramic view of Yellowstone National Park 1904; a 1912 wall map of rebuilt San Francisco, The Exposition City; Perry's extraordinary mining map of West Kootenay, 1893; Harry Beck's groundbreaking London Underground map 1933 along with Moholy-Nagy's nod to Beck in his 1937 Imperial Airways Map; 3 Atlases by the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency; Landform maps by Irwin Raisz; Bertelli's 1568 World Map; a group of Timelines and an unusual map of Evolution by the author of the Histomap.  All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below.  Or click here to view all 15,342 new maps and images.

Novissima, et Accuratissima Leonis Belgici, Seu Septemdecim Regionum Descriptio. 1611
Visscher, Claes Janszoon, Amsterdam
The second state of printing of this map, without Visscher's address. This map is considered one of the finest map engravings of the 17th century (Van de Heijden) and it celebrates the Twelve Years' Truce (1609-1621) between Spain and the Netherlands. There are many references and symbols of the peace in the map - as such, it is one of the earliest propaganda maps. The theme of the low countries (Belgium and the Netherlands today) as a lion appears on several maps of the period and this sitting lion is considered one of the finest examples. The date is estimated, but sometime between 1611 and 1621.  View Map

Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. 1570
Ortelius, Abraham, Antwerp
First edition of the first atlas of the world. From Koeman: "The unique position held by Ortelius' Theatrum in the history of cartography is to be attributed primarily to its qualification as 'the world's first regularly produced atlas.' Its great commercial success 'enabled it to make so great a contribution to geographical culture throughout Europe in the later 16th century.' (Skelton)... The characteristic feature of the Theatrum is, that it consists of two elements, forming a unitary whole: text and maps. This concept for a "Theatre of the world" was followed through the 17th century. Before Ortelius, no one and done this and thus, the chorus of praise which arose as a result of this - and the excellent text - was far from slight... Another important aspect of the Theatrum is that it was the first undertaking of its kind to reduce the best available maps to a uniform format. To that end, maps of various formats and styles had to be generalized just like the modern atlas-publisher of today would do. In selecting maps for his compilation, Ortelius was guided by his critical spirit and his encyclopaedic knowledge of maps." Van der Krogt lists 37 editions, with the last edition published in 1641, long after Ortelius' death in 1598. Uncolored. Text in Latin.
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Universale Descrittione Di Tutta la Terra Conosciuta Fin Qui. 1568
Bertelli, Donato; Forlani, Paolo; Gastaldi, Giacomo, Venice
"Generally considered to be the rarest of the so-called Forlani series of World maps, Donato Bertelli's map is drawn from Paolo Forlan's World map of 1565 (Forlani 3), which in turn is based upon Giacomo Gastaldi's 1546 prototype world map and Forlani's earlier world map of 1560. The map is extremely rare. Forlani has populated the unknown southern land mass with imaginary topographical features as well as unlikely animals - among them a camel, an elephant, a lion, a rhinoceros and most outlandish, a griffin and a unicorn. This feature is faithfully copied by Bertelli.  North America is still shown joined to Asia, separated by the "Golfo di Tonzo," with Japan at its center. Bertelli's large world map was published in 1568, two years after Venice would reach what David Woodward calls the "zenith of map engraving." (Ruderman) The map is highly decorative, featuring two cherubs in the top corners blowing the winds. Other embellishments include: numerous sea monsters, a nude figure riding a large sea creature, nine sailing vessels, and varied land animals.   View Map

Theatro Del Mondo Di Abrahamo Ortelio: Da lui poco inanzi la sua morte riveduto, & di tavole nuove, et commenti adorno, & arricchito con la vita dell'Autore. Traslato in Lingua Toscana dal Sigr. Filippo Pigafetta. In Anversa, Appresso Giovanni Bapta. Vrintio, M.DC.VIII. 1608
Ortelius, Abraham; Vrients, Jan Baptista, Antwerp
Koeman: "This the first edition ever printed with Italian text. The heirs of Abraham Ortelius sold a manuscript translation by Filippo Pigafetta to Vrients, which was then printed by him. In this translation, the Parergon and the Nomenclator were included. Apart from this, Vrients also added at the end, an Introduction to Cosmography, written by Michel Coignet. Several new maps appear here for the first time." Vrients added 8 new maps, making this combined Theatrum and Parergon edition the largest with 166 maps - 128 maps in the "Theatrum", and 38 maps in  the "Parergon." The Theatrum and Parergon plates are uncolored. The Parergon is Ortelius' atlas of ancient geography. Koeman: "This atlas of ancient geography must be regarded as a personal work of Ortelius. For this work he did not, as in the Theatrum, copy other people's maps but drew the originals himself which were later engraved by Jan Wierix i.a. He took many places and regions from the lands of classical civilization to illustrate and clarify their history, a subject very close to his heart... The maps and plates of the Parergon have to be evaluated as the most outstanding engravings depicting the wide-spread interest in classical geography in the 16th century."
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Provincia d[e] S. Diego de Mexico en la nueba Espana, 1682
Ysarti, Antonio; Medina, Baltasar de, Mexico
This is the first state of one of the first copper-engraved maps published in Mexico. The map is centered on Mexico City and presents a bird's-eye view of central Mexico extending from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. The title cartouche mentions 12 convents in the region, which are depicted on the map. The map was engraved by the highly skilled Antonio Ysarti for publication in Baltasar de Medina's Chronica de la Santa Provincia de San Diego de Mexico. This scarce map is an important milestone in Mexican cartography and the history of the Americas.  View Map

(German Invasion Plans for England, Wales, and Ireland in WW II). Militargeographische Einzelandgaben uber England. Militargeographische Objektkarten mit Objektbilden 1, The Border, Inhaltsangabe umseitig. Generalstab des Heeres, (Military High Command). Abtellung fur Kriegskrten und Vermessungswesen (IV. Mil.-Geo.), Berlin 1940-1942
Oberkommando der Wehrmacht (OKW) (Nazi German Supreme Command of the Armed Forces), Berlin
In preparing to invade Britain, the German military preparations included the production in 1940-1942 of a series of military/geographical assessments, showing what might be found by those arriving. This material was also used in a military evaluation of the regions of the British Isles, and considered each from the viewpoint of invasion. The full assessment consists of eleven folders for England and Wales with separate folders for  Ireland, London, and the South Coast of England. Each folder contains large scale town plans marked with strategic locations, a book of photographs and a quarter-inch map of the area, each folder titled “Militärgeographisch e Einzelangaben über England” (Maps of England showing features of military significance) and “Militärgeographisch e Objektkarten mit Objektbildern” (Maps of military installations with photographs.” Also there are three thick A5 sized folders containing books and maps: Folder A : England and Wales, on a regional basis with numerous photographs and maps; Folder B : London, photographs and maps; and Folder C : Books of coastal photographs to help with selecting invasion beaches. In addition, there is material on the planned invasion of Ireland - Operation Green (Unternehmen Grün). There are 144 six-inch town maps marked with strategic locations, and almost 1500 black and white photographs. The maps are copies of Ordnance Survey maps, with overprints highlighting sites which the Germans would have considered targets in any invasion. Most maps and books are headed: “Nur für den Dienstgebrauch!” (For Official use only.) We will be placing this collection online in the coming months. (credit to David Archer for description).  View Maps

Atlas Suisse. 1802
Weiss, T.H.; Meyer, Johann Rudolf , Aarau
The Atlas Suisse by Johann Rudolf Meyer and Johann Heinrich Weiss is the oldest map series based upon scientific survey and covering the whole of Switzerland. It was published between 1786 and 1802 and included 16 sheets and an overview map. The 16 sheets measure 70 centimetres (28 in) x 51 centimetres (20 in), and depict Switzerland at a scale of approximately 1:120,000. Until the appearance of the Dufour Map (1845-1865), the Atlas Suisse was the map series with the most accurate coverage of Switzerland. In French. Relief shown with shaded hachures. Glaciers shown in blue.   View Atlas

Three Timelines, 1806, 1813, and 1887
Various Authors, Various Places
The 1806 Timeline by David Rowland is one of the earliest American Timelines. The 1813 Chronology Delineated by Issac Eddy takes the timeline idea a step further and shows the flow of events as great rivers of time. The 1887 timeline by Jacob Skeen is one of the strangest and most complex timelines we have seen.
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War Map of the Middle States : Balloon View of Virginia, Maryland, Kentucky, Tennessee and parts of Arkansas, Missouri, Illinois, Indiana and Ohio. 1861
Bufford, J. H., Boston
Colored rare bird’s-eye view of the theater of conflict at the opening of the American Civil War. The view extends from Chesapeake Bay in the foreground to encompass the Appalachians and the watersheds of the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers. Shows topographical features, cities and towns, roads and railroads, and areas of elevation and waterways, in an unusual oblique view that captures a larger amount of landscape than appears in other Civil War views such as the Bachmanns (see our copies). Relief shown by shadings. Tables in the left and right margins show distances by rail between Washington, D.C.; Cairo, Illinois; St. Louis, Missouri and other parts of the country. The map tracks the Mississippi as far south as Memphis. The whole is centered on Louisville, Kentucky and the Ohio River Valley.   View Map

Carta General del Estado de Veracruz-Llave. Index Map: Diagrama de Relacionamiento. 1905
VComision Geografico-Exploradora am
First edition. A set of 12 very detailed maps of the state of Veracruz-Llave in Mexixo. A second edition with 9 maps was issued in 1919.   View Maps

A set of fifty new and correct maps of the counties of England and Wales, &c. with the great roads and principal cross-roads, &c. 1724
Moll, Herman, d. 1732, London
Maps showing roads, cities and towns, mines, cemeteries, landmarks, light house, etc. From Moll's title: "with the great roads and principal cross-roads, &c. Shewing the computed miles from town to town... And, to render this work more acceptable to the curious, the margins of each map are adorned with great variety of very remarkable antiquities."   View Atlas

(Map of Bavaria, Germany) Sacri Romani imperii circuli et electoratus Bavariæ tabula chorographica. 1663
Apian, Philip; Finckh, Georg Philipp, Augsburg
G.P. Finckh's version of Philip Apian's 1568 map of Bavaria, engraved by Ainling. Apian travelled through Oberbayern and Neiderbayern, Oberpfalz, archbishopric Salzburg and Bishopric Eichstatt, conducting a survey of the landscape based on methods of trigonometry and triangulation, creating the first map of an entire country by this method. Inset on the lower center of map showing the triangulation and mapping instruments. Coat of Arms of Bavaria which are flanked by lions & view of Munchen on the upper left corner and a large vignette with a portrait of Maximiliano Emmanveli (Maximilian I, The Great), the Elector of Bavaria by Georg P. Finckh on the upper right of the map.  View Map

A Narrative of the Troubles with the Indians in New-England, from ... 1607 to this present year 1677.
Foster, John, Boston
First edition, first state (10 line errata); map and first three leaves (of the Narrative) and last leaf (of the Sermon) in expert facsimile. Remnants of original Ratcliff binding laid on new leather (see Streeter for importance of Ratcliff binding). Contains the first map printed in English America, titled "A Map of New England, Being the first that ever was here cut..." Later in the year, a London edition appeared with a similar map, but with the "White Hills" of the Boston edition map changed to the "Wine Hills." The text of the "Narrative" is considered a cornerstone authority on the subject of Indian troubles in New England in the 17th century. View Book and Map

Accurata delineatio celeberrimae Regionis Ludovicianae vel Gallice Louisiane, 1720
Seutter, Matthaeus, Augsburg, Germany
Seutter's Mississippi Bubble map, depicting the short-lived French financial-colonial scheme masterminded by Scottish financier John Law. Map shows early eighteenth century geography, settlements, and territories in North America focusing on the Mississippi River and the Great Lakes. Elaborate title cartouche, depicts an allegorical, satirical scene of the infamous Mississippi Bubble investment scheme with a female personification of the Mississippi River pouring jewels and riches forth, while she is perched precariously upon a bubble. Cherubs above the cartouche are issuing stock for the company, and another group is blowing bubbles in the foreground surrounded by piles of worthless stocks. In the background, desperate investors climb a small tree and fling themselves out of it, and in the foreground more disconsolate investors wail and bemoan their fates as one tries to impale himself on his sword. Above them, a cherub upends an empty money-bag. View Map

Atlas minor praecipua orbis terrarum imperia, Regna et Provincias, Germaniae Potissimum, tabellis 50 exacte declineatis sistens usui militiae ducum ac peregrinantium maxime accomodatus opera Matthaei Seutteri, Sac. Caes. Maj. Geogr. Aug. Vind. Jacob Christoph Weyerman ... 1744
Seutter, Matthaeus; Weyerman, Jacob Campo, Augsburg, Germany
Atlas minor: this is Seutter's small version of his larger folio atlas; many of the maps are reductions of his folio atlas maps. Seutter was a map publisher, engraver, and globe maker who worked in Augsburg, Germany, his entire life (1678 to c.1757). This atlas includes maps of empires, kingdoms and provinces, Germany, etc., with 59 copper plate outline and full color maps. World map bound upside down. Date of publication from: Tooley, R.V. Dict. of mapmakers. Drawn by Jacob Christoph Weyerman, engraved by Albrecht Seutter, Andrea Silbereisen, Tobias Lotter, Matthaeus Lainpacher and Martin Gottfried Crophius. Numbered manuscript index at the front written in French. Tucked into the atlas is a folded circular celestial map of the southern hemisphere. Includes a map of Genoa not listed in the index. Each map shows one or more cartouches with figures, animals etc. Bound in marble papered, half leather covers with no title on cover.

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Astronomischen Bilderatlas von Ludwig Prentzinger … Schwaeb. Hall. Druck und Berlag von Wilhelm Nitzschke. (Astronomical Images Atlas of Ludwig Prentzinger ... Schwäb. Hall. Printed and Published by William Nitzschke), 1855.
Preyssinger, Ludwig, Schwäb. Hall
Date estimated. A teaching atlas to explain astronomy and meteorological phenomena.  Five of the 12 plates are perforated and backed with translucent colored paper to allow planets, moon, etc. to be illuminated from behind. We show the plain image followed by the illuminated image for Plates 1, 2, 3, 4, and 6. One of several editions - also in French 1862, Swedish 1862, English 1851, German 1851.   View Atlas

(Facsimile) Rocque's Map of London. 1746. Original map titled "A plan of the cities of London and Westminster, and borough of Southwark." (1746) 1919
Rocque, John; Pine, John; London Topographical Society, London
This is considered the best facsimile of the original Rocque Map of London, first published in 1746. 48 sheets, each pair joins to form one of the original 24 sheets. Original published in October, 1746 by John Pine and John Tinney. Sheets arranged in rows 1-3 by column, A-H; each sheet printed in two pieces (a) above (b).  

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A New Chart of History, 1769
Priestley, Joseph, London
Priestley popularized the timeline format with his influential Chart of Biography in 1765. He was inspired by the Thomas Jefferys' 1753 model for a historical chart, A Chart of Universal History, upon which he improved – by regularizing the distribution of dates, by presenting time horizontally, and by emphasizing the continuous flow of historical time. This chart is identical to the Chart of Biography in size and scale. This innovative, colorful timeline exhibits regions and the unity of empires that cannot be represented by continuous space. Priestley runs his dates across the page from left to right.  View Chart

An account of the trigonometrical operation, whereby the distance between the meridians of the observatories of Greenwich and Paris has been determined By Major-General William Roy, F.R.S. and A.S. From the Philosophical Transactions, 1790 (with) An account of the trigonometrical survey carried on in the years 1791, 1792, 1793, and 1794...1795, 1796 (with) An account of the trigonometrical survey : carried on by order of the Master-General of his Majesty's Ordnance, in the years 1800, 1801, 1803, 1804, 1805, 1806, 1807, 1808, and 1809.
Roy, William; Mudge, William; Colby, Thomas; Williams, Edward,  Various Places.
Includes Roy's paper on the Triangulation of Southeast England, which connected to the French network made by Jean Dominique Cassini, and resolved the dispute over the difference in longitude between the Paris and Greenwich observatories. It also laid the foundation for the whole triangulation of England and creation of Ordnance Survey.  The other two works provide a contemporary account of the early years of the Ordnance Survey, focusing on the methodology of triangulation and the equipment used during those first enterprises. The works were subsequently revised with two additional parts added, all published under a slightly different title between 1799 and 1811.  View Books

Allgemeiner Hand-Atlas der Ganzen Erde nach den besten astronomischen Bestimmungen, und zu A.C. Gaspari vollstaendigem Handbuche der neuesten Erdbeschreibung bestimmt. Weimar Im Vertage des Geographischen Instituts. 9. 1821
Geographisches Institut (Weimar, Germany); Gaspari, Adam Christian (1752-1830); Weimar
This edition of the Geographisches Institute atlas marks an important move away from the 18th century mode of mapmaking towards a style that reflects what we think of today as 19th century German mapmaking - the use of hachures instead of mountains drawn in profile, and a more uniform typography. Date based on newest maps in atlas. Relief shown in hachures. View Atlas

A Group of 10 School Atlases, Some Printed, Some Manuscript, 1799 to 1948
Various Authors, Various Places.
A group of 10 school atlases showing the changes in educational methods, printing methods, and cultural attitudes over a one hundred and fifty year period.  In German, French, and English. View Atlases

Four Early Maps of the British Ordnance Survey, Two of Kent, and One Each of Devon and Dorset, 1801 to 1811.
British Ordnance Survey, London.
The Map of Kent, here in two editions, was the first map issued by the Ordnance Survey, although William Faden is the listed publisher.  In the early years of the survey, instead of the grid system which was later adopted, the survey followed county boundaries to delineate the map issues. This is the case with the Kent, Devon, and Dorset maps shown here, as well as seven other counties along the south coast of England where the survey began its work. View Maps

A Map of the United States, Canada, New-Scotland, New-Brunswick and New-Foundland ... Carte Des Etats - Unis, Avec Le Canada, la Nouvelle Ecosse, le Nouveau Brunswick & Terre - Neuve. A Map of the West-Indies and the Mexican Gulph (Gulf) ...Carte Des Indes Occientale et du Golfe du Mexique... Dressee par Lapie, Capitaine-Ingenieur- Geographe. Publiee par P.A.F. Tardieu, Gravveur, Editeur-proprietaire , a Paris, Chez P.A.F. Tardieu. 1806
Tardieu, P.A.F.; Lapie, Pierre; Piquet, Chles., Paris
Second issue of this important and rare map, first issue was in June of 1806. Drawn by Pierre Lapie, this map joins two maps that were also issued separately. Shows Michigan Territory. The Lewis and Clark mapping is not yet incorporated for the upper Missouri River area. View Map

Carte von West-Gallizien, 1808
Heldensfeld, Anton Mayer von, Vienna.
Very large and detailed map of West Galicia (Poland). The Survey of West Gallicia was performed in 1801-1804 under the leadership of officer of Austrian army Anton Mayer von Heldensfeld (1777-1844). Engraved uncolored map segmented in 12 sheets, each 44.5x66, pasted on linen, each in 8 parts, 22x16.5. Drawn and engraved by Hieronimus Benedicti. Placed in slip cover and marbled cardboard case, with title : "West-Gallizien" on spine. Map showing major cities. fortress, church, etc. Relief shown by hachures. View Map

Harriet E. Baker's Book of Penmanship & Maps. At Mr. Dunham's School Windsor Vermont March 31, 1819
Baker, Harriet E.; Windsor, Vermont
The existence of this book of penmanship throws interesting light on our other book of penmanship by Frances Henshaw, our 2501.000. This book by Harriet Baker is dated four years earlier, 1819, and from another school in Windsor, Vermont (Henshaw's school was in Middlebury, Vermont). Generally, the two books follow very similar structure, both the text and the maps, which would indicate that the production of these books of penmanship was more frequent than previously thought and also suggests that there was a common template used, even by different schools, in their construction. It can be said that Baker's maps are exquisite, perhaps a bit more so than Henshaw's, but Henshaw's text descriptions of the states are more elaborate than Baker's. For some reason, Baker omits maps of New York, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois and Michigan, while including descriptions of most of them. Henshaw has no map or description of Michigan or Illinois. For the sources of the maps and text, see our entry for Henshaw's book, 2501.000
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Atlas Complet Du Precis De La Geographie Universelle De M. Malte-Brun; Dresse Conformement Au Texte De Cet Ouvrage Et Sous Les Yeux De L'Auteur, Par M. Lapie, Capitaine Ingenieur Geographe, 1812.
Malte-Brun, Conrad, Paris
These 75 maps have beautiful cartouches and hand painted outline color. Lapie made the maps. 1st edition. This atlas is up to date: the North America map shows the Lewis and Clark information and Lewis and Clark are discussed in the text explaining the map. In French. Relief shown in hachures or sketches. Extraordinary unique vignettes used for framing the title of each map.   View Atlas

Four Mountains and Rivers Maps, 1820 - 1870
Various Authors, Various Places.
Four very different treatments of the Mountain and Rivers map theme that was popular throughout the 19th century. The two German maps are very statistical in their approach, while the English maps are very decorative.  View Maps

See all the Mountain and Rivers maps in the collection.

Relief pittoresque du sol classique de la Suisse, dessine d'apres nature et grave a l'eau forte par Frederic Guillaume Delkeskamp, 1830
Delkeskamp, Friedrich Wilhelm, Frankfurt
An oblique bird's eye view of north-central Switzerland looking south from Lake Zurich. Each map has lengthy list of place names numbered to match locations on the map. Friedrich Wilhelm Delkeskamp was a noted Frankfurt painter who completed at least 12 panoramas and a wide variety of other works. He was noted for plastic-realistic and scientifically accurate representations. He was a publisher and traveled during most summers gathering materials for his illustrations. He was also noted for his mountaineering in order to gain high perspectives. View Maps

Atlas von Europa nebst den Kolonien : fur Geschaftsmanner, Zeitungsleser und Besitzer des Conversations-Lexico ns in einer Folge von Charten und einem alphabetisch eingerichteten. 1825
Schlieben, Wilhelm Ernst August; Hermann, O., Leipzig
Early topographical maps of Europe, together with the colonies for businessmen, newspaper readers ... by German geographical author, Wilhelm August von Schlieben (1781-1839), published in parts from 1825, in 3 volumes, and 15 parts; volume 1: 1-5, Volume 2: 6-10, Volume 3: 11-15. See also his Atlas von Amerika. Each volume includes outline hand colored maps, manuscript index, forward, table of content, extensive descriptive text and index. Not in Espenhorst. View Atlas

Atlas von Amerika in 30 Charten und einem erlauterndem Texte. Entworfen von W. E. A. von Schlieben ; die Charten lithographirt, Werner. Leipzig, bei George Joachim Goschen, 1830
Schlieben, Wilhelm Ernst August von, Leipzig
Early lithographic atlas of America, published at the time of von Schlieben's completion of his Atlas Europa (published in parts, 1825 to 1830,). Not in Espenhorst. Atlas of America, with 54 pages of text, index, abbreviations,and outline hand color maps, some folded. Includes Index. Bound in beige cardboard covers with decorative border, 35x26.5, title " W. E. A. von Schlieben, Atlas von Amerika. Leipzig, bei George Joachim Goschen". View Atlas

Twelve Nautical Chart Maps, 1831 - 1932
Various Authors, Various Places.
Included are an early and rare Berghaus Chart of the Approaches of Rio de Janeiro,  Charles Wilkes 1841 Map of Sacramento River and Bay of San Pablo with Harbor of San Francisco, two unusual 1852 wind and current visualizations by  Matthew Fontain Maury, Hermann Berghaus' Chart of the World on Mercator Projection 1863, James Imray's Chart of the Coast of Labrador 1891, and six charts of San Francisco Bay or parts thereof by the U.S. Coast Survey, 1905 to 1932. View Charts

A Comprehensive Atlas, Geographical, Historical & Commercial, (two editions, both dates 1838).
Bradford, Thomas G., Boston and New York.
Bradford's Comprehensive Atlas was one of the first relatively inexpensive atlases published in the United States.  The earlier copy is the Second edition. and has the first Texas map in an atlas. Description of Texas is 2 pages, but Texas is not yet called a Republic. This edition has separate maps of North Carolina and Georgia, in addition to the map of both Carolinas and Georgia. Also, the previously combined Alabama and Mississippi, and Tennessee and Kentucky are separate maps in this edition. Dated 1838 on the cover label. May have been issued also in 1836 or 1837. The later copy also has Texas as a republic and is the 3rd edition; full color in the maps. One page of text describes Texas. This edition has same extra maps as the second edition. Florida is enlarged.  View Atlases

Atlas von Asien in Zwanzig Blaettern, Zu C. Ritter's Allgemeiner Erdkunde, II. Abtheilung, 1840, (with) Atlas von Palaestina und der Sinai Halbinsel, 1850.
Grimm, J.L.;Mahlmann, H., Berlin
An unusual composite atlas. Consisting of 11 lithographic maps and 2 geologic profiles plus the following bound in parts of Carl Zimmermann's Atlas von Verder-Asien: Karte Inner Asien, 1841 (4 sectional sheets, a general plan and 2 small plates); Versuch einer Darstellung von Sued-Iran (1 map); Atlas von Palaestina und der Sinai Halbinsel, 1850 (title sheet and 15 sectional sheets). All Asian maps assembled here were published as a supplement to C. Ritter's Erdkunde. Color tinted borders. Relief shown in hachures. The Map of Palestine is unusually detailed for the period and predates the 1880 Map of Western Palestine published by the Palestine Exploration Fund.
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View Composite Map of Palestine 1850

Three Different Copies of Tanner's Universal Atlas, 1833/1836, 1837, and 1842; A rare Map of Arkansas by Tanner, issued here as a pocket map but also appeared in Tanner's 1839 edition of the American Atlas.
Tanner, Henry S., Philadelphia
The first Tanner Universal Atlas in this group was issued in parts with blue covers for each part, starting in 1833 and continuing until 1836 when the atlas was complete. The second atlas is Tanner's revised 1837 edition, and the third atlas is the further revised 1842 edition. The Map of Arkansas by Tanner, 1839, was issued here as a pocket map but also appeared in the last edition of Tanner's large format American Atlas. View Atlases and Map
View 1839 Map of Arkansas

Morse's Cerographic Atlases: The Bible Atlas, The Cerographic Atlas of the United States Published in Three parts in the New York Observer, The North American Atlas Published in Nine Parts, and the Missionary Atlas, 1833 to 1848.
Morse, Sidney E., New York.
Sidney E. Morse invented a new printing process called Cerography and used it to publish several inexpensive atlases in the 1830's and 1840's. Cerography is a method of engraving on a waxed plate on which a printing surface is created by electrotyping. It was refined by Rand McNally later in the century and became the basis of their sucessful map publishing business. The New York Observer newspaper published the first of Morse's two atlases, the Bible Atlas and the Atlas of the United States, both in this group. Harper Brothers published a revised version of the Atlas of the United States in 1845, here in the nine original parts with wrappers, titled the North American Atlas. Last issued was the Missionary Atlas which Morse himself published for the subscribers to the New York Observer.

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Report of a Geological Survey of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota; and incidentally of a Portion of Nebraska Territory ...1852
Owen, David Dale, Philadelphia
An important, early geological survey of the midwest U.S. Includes twenty-one maps and geologic cross sections as well as numerous drawings. Large full color map bound into the back titled, "Geological Map of Wisconsin, Iowa and Minnesota ... Constructed from observations by the United States Geological Corps ... 1851." Report bound with green cloth covered boards with title embossed on spine. Illustrations bound with purple cloth covered boards with "Illustrations - Owen's Geological Survey" on cover in gold.

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The World's in Progress, 1854
Ensign, Bridgman, & Fanning, New York
An unusual timeline map in the form of a pictorial rolled map of the world, with elaborate borders, attached to wooden rod. Surrounded by Universal Dial Plate Or Times Of All Nations, various vignettes with explanation of the regions, kingdoms, and countries, lists of inventions and discoveries, distribution of men, Incidents of American history, Distinguished Americans, etc.   View Map

Karte von Deutschland dem Konigr.. in XXV Blattern. Entworfen und herausgegeben von Adolf Stieler, Neue Auflage 1853
Stieler, Adolf, Gotha
Stieler's massive 25 sheet map of Germany, probably the most detailed map of the area at the time. First issued in 1829, it was updated frequently with editions of 1848, 1850, 1853 (this copy), 1857, 1862, and a final edition in 1867 (see our partial 1867 copy). 25 sheets mounted on four linen backed panels. Each panel has paper label on the back naming quadrant. Fifteen different graphical scales shown. Color. Relief shown by hachures.   View Map

Morse's General Atlas of the World. Containing Seventy Maps, Drawn And Engraved From The Latest And Best Authorities By Charles W. Morse. With Descriptions And Statistics Of All Nations To The Year 1856
Morse, Charles W.; Colby, Charles A., New York
This is Charles Morse's only folio atlas. He uses many of the Morse and Breese cerographic maps, but hand colors them. Morse was no relation to the Jedidiah and Sidney Morse family, although he "traded" on the name. Morse also collaborated with Colby on the tiny Diamond Atlas. There is a second illustrated title page reading "Morse's General Atlas. Compiled From The Latest And Best European And American Authorities. Published by D. Appleton ... New-York. Herrick, Del. Roberts, Sc." Full color. Relief shown by hachures. Prime meridians Washington and Greenwich.  View Atlas

Ordnance Survey. Treasury minute, dated 18 May 1855, and previous papers, relating to the Ordnance Survey. (with) Report on the Ordnance Survey of the United Kingdom for 1855-56. (with) Ordnance Trigonometrical Survey. Principal Triangulation, 1858. (with) Abstracts of the principal lines of spirit levelling in England and Wales, 1861. (with) Extension of the triangulation of the Ordnance Survey into France and Belgium, 1863.
James, Henry, Southampton
Five books by Henry James, the Director General of the British Ordnance Survey from 1854 to 1875. Includes many letters, correspondence, and notes by James. First volumes includes 28 maps (some color) and plans. With 15 page manuscript notice demonstrating different printing methods: electrotype, photographic reduction, hill sketching, hill shading, engraving, lithography, zincography, and anastatic process. The other volumes include maps showing triangulation progress, altitude measurements, and instrument construction,  Includes indexes to the Ordnance Surveys of England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland.  View Books

Diary of a Journey from the Mississippi to the Coasts of the Pacific With a United States Government Expedition. By Baldwin Mollhausen Topographical Draughtsman and Naturalist to the Expedition. With An Introduction by Alexander von Humboldt and Illustrations in Chromo-Lithography. Translated by Mrs. Percy Sinnett. In Two Volumes, 1858.
Mollhausen, Baldwin; (Lange, Henry), London
Impressive map of the Southwest entitled, "Map Illustrating Baldwin Mollhausen's Travels from the Mississippi to the Coast of the Pacific, in the years 1853-1854." Map engraved by Edward Weller. 2 volumes, with an introduction by Humboldt. Excellent account. The map is an English copy of the German edition by Henry Lange. Mollhausen was the topographer accompanying the Whipple expedition of 1853 for the Pacific Railroad Surveys. In addition to the maps and lithographs, there are 12 woodcut illustrations, chiefly of Indian utensils and drawings. View Book

A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World, 1859.
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus; Desilver, Charles, Philadelphia
This 1859 edition was published by Charles Desilver, copyright dates have been updated to 1859 or 1860, and was most likely issued in late 1859 or early 1860, as opposed to the previous 1859 edition that was published by Cushing & Bailey of 362 Market Street in Baltimore, with almost all copyrights dated 1856 (see: #4557.000). The maps bear the copyright and imprint of Charles Desilver 714 Chesnut Street. Changes from the 1859 edition includes a new map of Pennsylvania, two double page maps - map of Kansas by W.H. Holmes, and map of Mexico, with no pagination, as well as a double page map of Northern Italy which replaces map of Sardinia (Pl. 63), also various updates to individual maps.  View Atlas

Lloyd's American railroad map of the United States, showing the three proposed roads and the overland mail route to the Pacific 1859. Drawn and engraved by Rae Smith, 71 Nassau St. N.Y. From materials furnished to the 36th Congress, March 1859 by G.K. Warren, Lt. U.S. Top. Eng. for the passage of the Pacific Railroad Bill, 1859.
Lloyd, James T., Philadelphia
This is a rare version of a similar 1859 map by Lloyd which showed only railroad presidents portraits in the border. This issue removes some of the portraits and substitutes advertisements, some relating to railroads. Outline hand color map, mounted on linen. Showing drainage, state boundaries, major cities, forts, finished and proposed railroads. Portraits of 12 railroad presidents are reproduced in the border, including: John Robin McDaniel, Jacob Strader, John Caldwell, J. Edgar Thompson, R. N. Rice, S. S. L'Hommedieu, J. B. Warring, S. L. Fremont, Ex-Gov. John L. Helm, Hon. John Ross, Hon. Erastus Corning, W. H. Clements. Includes advertisements, notes and illustrations of various buildings, steamboat, and wagons. Relief shown by hachures.   View Map

Map of the seat of war. Published by T.A. Burke, Morning News Office. Compiled & drawn by M.B. Grant C.E. Lithographed by R.H. Howell, Savannah, 1861.
Grant, M. B.; Howell, R. H., Savannah
This is one of a very small number of war maps printed in the Confederacy during the United States Civil War. It shows the opening battles of the war. Hand color map, with place names in Virginia peninsula. Shows roads, railroads, forts and fortifications. Covers eastern Virginia (mostly Manassas and vicinity) and part of Maryland. Includes table of distances. View Map

Panorama from the Summit of Mount Davidson, Washoe Range, 1861.
Vischer, Edward, San Francisco
Unusual 360 degree perspective bird's eye view as seen from summit of Mount Davidson, the site of the famous Comstock Mines and Virginia City in Nevada. Attractive vignettes of mining camps. With a separate sheet of text titled Panorama from the Summit of Mount Davidson, Washoe Range, which includes informative text as to how the map came to be created and an explanation of the visible area. View Map and Text Sheets

(Raised Relief and Flat Maps of the World). Dessine et modele par Aug. Ravenstein a Francfort s/M. Grave. Imprime et estampe par B. Dondorf a Francfort. s/M. 1865
Ravenstein, August; Dondorf, B., Frankfurt am Main
Two sets of eight identical maps of the world, An early edition of the French language version of the first commercial set of relief maps intended for teaching purposes. A landmark in geographical education. Set includes the six continents, Oceania, and Germany, each 23x28 at neatline. One set in 3 D raised relief, printed and stamped on card stock, each map mounted on a paper-covered frame of thin wooden dowels. The other set, 2D, printed on paper, loose in a light-blue glazed paper. Both sets in printed color though in different schemes, the paper maps with some added hand color, showing cities and towns, rivers and mountains, notes and statistics. Relief shown pictorially on some maps. The sets placed together in a contemporary drop-front box covered with blue paste-paper. The relief maps emphasize physical and geographical features, and sheet maps political divisions. See our 2490.000 for Sonnenschein and Allen's Relief Atlas of 1880.  

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Hand - Atlas Der Erde Und Des Himmels 42 Auflage, 1867, (with) Grosser Hand-Atlas des Himmels und der Erde 48te Auflage, 1879, (with) Grosser Hand-Atlas des Himmels und der Erde 49te Auflage, 1886 (3 new Editions added to collection)
Geographisches Institut (Weimar, Germany), Weimar
The 1867 42nd edition is the first in which the brothers Carl and Adolf Graef are mentioned as the authors. Maps by H. Kiepert, Graf & Bruhns. The Weimar Geographisches Institute atlases are known for their extraordinary detail, and rank as some of the largest and finest world atlases produced in Germany in the 19th century. The 1879 48th edition includes many color litho maps, for the first time. The 1886 49th edition is one of the last.   View 3 new Atlases
View All 6 Editions of Weimar Geographisches Atlas (1821-1886)

28 State, County and City Atlases, 1867 to 1915.
Various Authors, Various Places
A group of 25 County Atlases from all regions of the United States, dated from 1867 to 1915.

New York and Vicinity 1867 (see all 5 copies); Bennington Co. Vermont 1869; Stephenson Co. Illinois 1871; Adams County Illinois 1872; Hudson Co. New Jersey 1873; Des Moines Co. Iowa 1873; Louisa Co. Iowa 1874; Ottawa Co. Ohio 1874; Elkhart Co. Indiana 1874; Oneida Co. New York 1874; Pike Co. Missouri 1875; Lehigh Co. Pennsylvania 1876; Greene Co. Pennsylvania 1876; Clarion Co. Pennsylvania 1877; Aroostook Co. Maine 1877; Miami Co. Indiana 1877;Franklin Co. Indiana 1882; Sedgwick Co. Kansas 1882; Providence, Rhode Island 1882; Wood Co. West Virginia 1886; State of Massachusetts, 1891; Scott Co. Iowa 1894; Jasper Co. Missouri 1895; Saint Croix Co. Wisconsin 1897; Trumbull Co. Ohio 1899; Dawson Co. Nebraska 1904; Douglas Co. Washington 1915. Province of Prince Edward Island, 1925.

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La France et ses Colonies. Atlas Illustre Cent Cartes Dressees d'Apres La Cartes de Cassini, du Depot de la Guerre, des Ponts-det-Chaussees et de la Marine par M. Vuillemin. Texte Redige d'Apres les Documents Officiels et sur n Plan Entierement Nouvea ... J. Migeon, Libraire-Editeur. 1869
Vuillemin, A.; Migeon, J. Paris
Color maps, each accompanied by vignettes of local scenes, coats-of-arms, personages, animals, human activities, crops, etc. Provides one page of text and one facing map for each department and colony. Text includes statistics and distance and direction from Paris.

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Europe "L'Europe en ce moment - fantaisie politico - geographique". (Issued with) La Vie Parisienne, 6 Juillet 1872
La Vie Parisienne, Paris
Uncolored pictorial map. Published in French magazine La Vie Parisienne. Informative text labels provide an effective overview of the geopolitical situation of each country and region.  

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Rand McNally & Co.'s sectional map of the Dakota and the Black Hills. Printed expressly for J. Bride & Co.'s Great American 25 Cent package, 767 and 769 Broadway, New York City. A.W. Barber, Del. Rand McNally & Co. Printers, engravers and electrotypers, 79 Madison Street, Chicago. (with 8 insets). (on verso) Rand McNally & Co.'s new railway guide map, 1873
Rand McNally & Co., Chicago
This is one of the earliest Rand McNally maps that we have seen. The date of 1873 is determined from the only date on the map, in the inset map of Cincinnati. Uncolored sectional map with 8 insets: New mining map of Utah, St. Louis, Railroads around Baltimore and Washington, Philadelphia, New York and vicinity, Chicago, Railroad around Cincinnati, 1872-3, Denver.   View Maps

Report of a reconnaissance of the Black Hills of Dakota, made in the summer of 1874 (with) Report of a Reconnaissance From Carroll, Montana Territory, on the Upper Missouri, to the Yellowstone National Park, and Return Made in the Summer of 1875.
Ludlow, William, Washington, D.C.
Maps from two important reports by William Ludlow of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers on the Black Hills and Yellowstone. The Black Hills expedition was commanded by Custer and includes early maps of the area. The Yellowstone expedition includes three maps of the area listed by Wheat - Wheat 1257,1258,1259. View Reports

Le Tour de Monde en un Clin d'Oeil. Supplement du numero du Monde du la 1er. Janvier 1876
Scott, M.M.; Vierge, Daniel, Paris
Pictorial view of the world. Originally issued uncolored, color was added later. Map is projected as a view from space and details the world roughly from the Equator to the North Pole and from California to India. Flora, fauna, historic events, cultural artifacts, and indigenous people are represented pictorially. The Sargasso Sea is illustrated in the middle of the Atlantic. Includes inset views illustrating places and moments of special interest including mirages in the Pacific, a ship burning at sea, Niagara Falls, Chicago, oil wells, gold mining, Hindu cremation, Chinese Junks, Tuareg warriors, an avalanche, etc. also includes lists of the nations and maritime flags. Shows sketches of some 79 individuals in 'traditional costumes'. To either side of the main view are flags of major nations, sailing ships, volcanoes, and other imagery. Include an ice free polar sea north of Greenland labeled 'Mer Libre?' No doubt this is a nod to hopes that a Northwest Passage might still exist. Union Pacific and Trans-Atlantic shipping lanes are noted. The achievements of various explorers are noted in both Africa and the Arctic.   View Map

Cram's Standard American Atlas Of The United States, 1878 (with) Cram's Unrivaled Family Atlas of the World (editions of 1882 and 1883).
Cram, George Franklin, Chicago
These three atlases by Chicago map publisher George Cram show the transition from Cram's production of large format hand colored atlases to mass produced printed color atlases. The 1878 Standard American Atlas was the last large format hand colored atlas made by Cram, following his earlier 1875 Commercial Atlas of the United States, and discontinued in 1881. The 1878 (and 1875) atlas is the rarest and most attractive of Cram's atlases. The maps are large folio, with hand color, taken from the same plates as Cram's pocket maps of the same date (or vice versa). All maps are on the same scale, 19 miles to one inch. Beginning in 1882, Cram produced the smaller Unrivaled Family Atlas of the World which still had many hand colored maps; the 1883 Unrivaled Atlas edition makes the transition to all maps color printed. This is the first "mass production" world atlas made by Cram. Has a page of ads in back for Cram maps and Atlases.  This run seems to have gone to 1891 (last Phillips date) but then continued in different formats but a similar title, up to 1952. View Atlases

Map Of The Ohio River, Reduced from the following surveys ... 1837-8, Lieut. Sanders ... 1844, C.A. Fuller ... 1867-8, W.M. Roberts ... With additions & corrections from later surveys, 1881
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Washington, D.C.
1881 date is from Phillips. 52 maps on 40 sheets, with 2 index sheets. Very detailed uncolored maps of the river from Pittsburgh to Cairo. W.E. Merrill is the same Merrill whose name is on the Warren - Freyhold Map of the United States, and the Map of Kansas, Texas and Indian Territory, both 1867. This probably was the most comprehensive and detailed survey of the Ohio River done at the time. Maps are bound in dark brown cloth covered boards with "Map Of The Ohio River 1868" stamped in gilt. View Atlas

Tertiary History of the Grand Canon District With Atlas by Clarence E. Dutton, Captain of Ordnance U.S.A. United States Geological Survey, J.W. Powell, Director. Washington: Government Printing Office 1882. Department of the Interior. Monographs of the United States Geological Survey, Volume II. Washington: Government Printing Office 1882.
Dutton, Clarence E. (Clarence Edward), Washington, D.C.
Monograph # 2 USGS, but the first monograph to be published. For the large format atlas, see #4713.000, which was published separately. Geologic map in full color. Includes the three key sheets to the Panorama from Point Sublime which appears in the atlas.   View Book

Imperial Federation - Map of the world showing the extent of the British Empire in 1886
Colomb, John Charles Ready; Crane, Walter, London
Pictorial map on Mercator projection centered on the Greenwich Prime Meridian, placing Great Britain just above the map's central focal point. Published as a color supplement to The "Graphic" at the same time as Queen Victoria's Jubilee of 1886. British Isles, and British colonies spreading out to the east and the west, were highlighted with red, while other geographical areas were left blank with only a minimum number of place names. An inset box was placed near each of the major colonies, listing statistics about geographical area, population, and trade. The words "Freedom, Fraternity, Federation," suggesting a peaceful co-existence within the British Empire, were prominently placed along the map's top margin, but the remainder of the map's illustrations imply "colonialism." At the bottom center Britannia is seated on top of the world ruling over her subjects, represented by a variety of animals and costumed figures. India, identified by an elephant and a tiger, appears in the lower left corner, while Australia, including a kangaroo and a sheep, is shown in the lower right. The illustrations were done by Walter Crane, a prominent illustrator and artist with strong socialist sympathies, perhaps explaining the contradictory themes in the map of imperialism and "human labour" holding up the world in the form of Atlas. Crane's contributions to the map remained unnoticed until the research of Pippa Biltcliffe was published in 2005 (Biltcliffe: Walter Crane and the Imperial Federation Map Showing the Extent of the British Empire (1886), Imago Mundi: The International Journal for the History of Cartography, 57:1, 63-69) . View Map 

Charts and Tables of Rain-Fall On The Pacific Slope, With A Discussion of The Causes of The Wet and Dry Seasons, The Abundance and Deficiency in Different Portions, The Summer Rainy Season in Arizona, Etc., 1888
Glassford, W.A., Washington
Text and maps show the amount and location of rainfall in the United States west in 1888. In 50th Congress, 1st Session, Senate Ex. Doc. No.91, Letter From the Secretary of War. 101 pages and 15 maps. Bound in dark green covers. The spine is stamped with "Rain-Fall On The Pacific Slope" in gold.  View Maps

The Library Atlas Of Modern Geography, 1892
Appleton, D. & Co., New York
Uncommon atlas has 60 double-page and 43 single-page maps in full, printed color. Each of the maps is followed by several pages of descriptive text that are decorated with beautifully engraved, uncolored views of well known buildings, local scenery or famous events. A pastedown label inside the front cover describes the "Patent Thumb Index"- a new and much easier way to navigate this atlas' impressive amount of content. U.S. maps by Matthews-Northrup; extensive city maps. Same engravers did the Century Atlas. View Atlas

Perry's mining map of the southern dist. West Kootenay, 1893
Perry, Charles E.; O'Farrell, T.P., Nelson, B.C.
This is one of the most beautiful 19th century mining maps we have seen. It is also one of the earliest printed map of the entire Southern District to focus on the Kootenay mining regions. With inset maps of the major mining regions, smaller maps presenting a detailed topographical features. Relief shown by hachures. Shows roads, trails, railways, telegraph lines, towns, mining camps, claims, steamship lines, etc. General References; Slocan Numerical Reference; compasses for Slocan and Nelson.  View Map           

The Columbian World's Fair atlas : containing complete illustrations of the World's Fair grounds and buildings, general illustrations of the public buildings, parks, monuments, street scenes, etc. of Chicago, and maps of every state and territory of the United States and Canada, and general maps of the world. Published for: Wood Brothers Cash Store ... Unadilla, New York. 1893
Cram, George; Wood Brothers, Chicago
This uncommon atlas was published to commemorate the 1893 World's Fair and Columbian Exposition in Chicago, also known as Chicago World's Fair. The scale and grandeur of the fair had a profound effect on architecture, the arts, Chicago's self image and American industrial optimism. This atlas, by the Chicago map-maker George Cram, was published for Woods Brothers. It includes a plan of the Exposition grounds plus a complete section on the World's Fair. There are color maps, city plans, diagrams, beautiful engravings showing the Expo's buildings, local architecture, points of interest and well known monuments in the Chicago area. Several pages of amusing advertisements are located near the front and back of the atlas.  View Atlas

5 Large Composite maps of London, England and Wales, 1895 - 1947
Ordnance Survey Office; Southampton
A group of 5 large composite maps made from hundreds of sheets published by the Ordnance Survey of Great Britain over a fifty year period. The is project has been a collaboration with the National Library of Scotland.  View Composite Maps

Karta Aziatskoi Rossii i smezhnykhi s neiu vladenii...(cover title in French) Carte de la Russie d'Asie et des pays limitrophes. (with inset and 11 views).  1896
Koversky, Eduard Avraamovich, St. Petersburg
Map of the Asian part of Russia and Possessions Adjacent, with the Route of Transit of the Emperor in 1890-91, during the stay of His Majesty's successor, the Tsarevitch, and the Great Siberian Railroad. Rare Russian map commemorating the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway, Nicholas II's Embassy to Japan and Grand Tour inspecting progress of the construction of the Trans-Siberian Railway and displaying the Arctic explorations of Nordienskold circa 1896, and Nansen circa 1894.     View Map

2 Maps of the Mexican National Railroad, 1897 and 1902
Mexico National R.R., Mexico City
The 1897 map is titled "Mexico National R.R. Loredo Route ... Short Line to Monterey, Saltillo, San Luis Potosi, San Miguel de Allende, Celaya, Morelia, Patzcuaro, Toluca, and the City of Mexico." The 1902 map is titled "January 1902. Mexico National R.R. Loredo Route ... Short Line to Monterey, Saltillo, San Luis Potosi, San Miguel de Allende, Celaya, Morelia, Patzcuaro, Toluca, City of Mexico and Points South."

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Geological Survey. Geological Map of England and Wales. Reduced from the one-inch maps of the Geological Survey with some recent revisions. Published under the direction of Sir Archibald Geikie, D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S., Director General. 1896.
Ordnance Survey Office; Geikie, Archibald, Southampton
These sixteen maps are derived from the Ordnance Survey One Inch Geological maps that were published throughout the 19th century. With over 260 One Inch geological maps published, the massive size of the resulting joining together of all the sheets rendered it almost impossible to get an overall picture of the survey until these smaller scale sheets were published.

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The Times Atlas ; (New Edition). Containing 132 Pages of Maps, and comprising 196 Maps, 1900
Andree, Richard; Times (London, England), London
Second and New edition of The Times Atlas published in 1900 (see our 1895 first edition, 1010.000), containing 132 pages of maps and comprising 196 maps and an alphabetical index of 135,000 names. This is the English version of the German Andrees Handatlas, 3rd edition (1893-1897). In this 2nd. Times edition, some maps have been derived from the German Andree 4th edition. The 1900 printing, actually a completely new edition, was issued from 1899 in 24 weekly installments at 1 shilling each. The map size has increased and so has the binding: 30 × 45 cm. The 'luxury' binding has dark brown color, clock and oak leaves with gilt title, "The Times Atlas." It has leather spine and corners, a vertical title on the spine and pages with gilt edges. Most notable extensions in the 1900 edition are the geological maps of the British Isles, the showing of shipping routes, and the regional maps of the United States. View Atlas

Atlas Larousse Illustre. Librairie Larousse, Paris. (first unillustrated title page) Atlas Larousse Illustre. 42 Cartes. - 1158 Reproductions photographiques, 1900
Librairie Larousse, Paris
Extensively illustrated world atlas with elegantly printed color lithographic maps.  View Atlas

Cram's atlas of the world, ancient and modern : new census edition -- indexed. Geographical, historical and statistical presentation of the world in all its divisions. 1901
Cram, George Franklin; Murray-Aaron, Eugene, New York
A massive, fully revised edition, in 864 pages, maps in color, some double page. Includes indexes and gazetteers, diagrams, statistical and astronomical charts, population density, various views of scenery and people, and new census information. View Atlas

9 Maps of Western States and Territories by the U.S. General Land Office, 1898 to 1941
U.S. General Land Office, Washington, D.C.
These maps show the U.S. West at the turn of the 20th century. Of particular note is the large size of the Indian Reservations at the time.

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Der Ausbruch des Vulkans Mont Pelée auf Martinique, 1903
Burckardt's Nach, Weissenburg, Alsace
Colorful pictorial map depicts one of the great natural disasters of the modern era, the spectacular eruption of Mount Pelee in Martinique in April 1902. Date estimated. Includes notes. The stratovolcano of Mount Pelee makes up the northern part of the island of Martinique, long a French colony. The island's largest town, St. Pierre, sat near the foot of the volcano. As shown in the present print, the volcano violently erupted, with ash and lava flows reigning down on the town. St. Pierre and much of the surrounding countryside were engulfed and the entire town was destroyed. Over 30,000 people were killed, making it the most deadly volcanic eruption of the 20th Century.

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Atlas de Chile Arreglado para la Jeografia Descriptiva de la Republica de Chile, 1903
Espinoza, Enrique, Paris
A stamp in verso of the title page explains the manuscript corrections: "Advertencia: la linea marcada en tinta roja corresponde a la fijada por el perito arbitral con porterioridad a la impresion del Atlas." In the early years of the 20th century most Latin American countries were involved in border disputes where international arbitrage had to lead to definitive settlement of the conflict. Such was the case between Argentina and Chile, the results of which are shown, probably for the first time, in this atlas. Relief shown in green hachures. View Atlas

Gotthard-Bahn, Laghi di Como-Lugano & Maggiore, 1904. Gotthardbahn, Ferrovia del Gotthard. Stab. d'Arti Gradiche Chiattone; Milano, 1904
Chiattone, Gabriele, Milano
Unusual pictorial map of the Gotthard tunnel, with the 1904 train schedule. Printed in stone-lithography enhanced with gold color. Shows major cities. The Gotthard tunnel was opened in 1891 and was one of the longest tunnrels in Europe for decades. The trains from the North of Europe were able to cross the Swiss Alps to the lakes of Ticino and Italy. The wheel and the Hermes wings were the symbols of the transportation company.  View Map

Cartas Postales de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1904 (with) Cartas Postales de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos, 1908.
General de Correos Seccion de Transportes, Mexico
Two atlases of postal maps of Mexico, dated 1904 and 1908. All maps in full color and folded. Maps show postal routes by type:foot, horse, car, railroad, river, and sea.   View Maps

Yellowstone National Park. Copyright 1904 by Henry Wellge, Milwaukee. Transferred to the Northern Pacific Railway Company, 1904
Wellge, Henry, Milwaukee
Detailed very large bird's-eye view pictorial map. Shows labels of bodies of water, basin, cliffs, mountain ranges, and hotels. Also shows buildings, bridges, and roads. Includes the Northern Pacific Yellowstone Park Line logo. Relief shown pictorially and by spot heights. View Map

Plan of Proposed Street Changes in the Burned District and Other Sections of San Francisco. Joint Report of Committee on Extending, Widening and Grading Streets and Committee on Burnham Plans. Subcommittees of the Committee of Forty, on the Reconstruction of San Francisco. Submitted to Board of Supervisors May, 1906
Bennett, Edward H.; Committee of Forty, on the Reconstruction of San Francisco; Burnham, Daniel H., San Francisco
Submitted just one month after the 1906 San Francisco Earthquake and Fire, this report supplemented the Burnham Plan for a major revamping of the city's layout and land use. Ironically it had been prepared just prior to the big 1906 event. The plan was never instituted, although some concepts presented therein have been realized. See index pages for explanations of the uses of various colors on the map.

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The Exposition City San Francisco. Copyright By North American Press Ass'n 1912 Hearst Bldg. S.F. Pingree-Traung Co. Lith. S.F. 1912
North American Press Ass'n; San Francisco
This map provides a detailed view of the extraordinary rebuilding of downtown San Francisco only six years after the devastating earthquake and fire of 1906. Just a few lots remain unbuilt. It is a scarce map that was issued in two forms: on thin paper as a folded map with the Supplement to the San Francisco Standard Guide, and on thicker paper unfolded (our copy, linen backed as a wall map). The Panama Pacific Exposition of 1915 is shown prospectively.
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Geologic Atlas of the United States, San Francisco Folio. Tamalpais, San Francisco, Concord, San Mateo, and Haywards Quadrangles, California. By Andrew C. Lawson. Washington D.C. 1914
Lawson, Andrew C.; Merriam, John C., Washington, D.C.
A volume in the Geological Atlas of the United States.Detailed Geological study of the San Francisco Bay area, published shortly after the 1906 earthquake and fire. Includes commentary, geological maps and sections and topographical maps.

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Cartoon Map of the European War Area Entitled European Revue. Kill That Eagle. Drawn by the Well-known Anglo-Russian Artist J.H. Amschewitz. Published by "Geographia," Limited ... London, 1914
Amschewitz, J.H., London
Dramatic representations of Germany's neighbors and the tensions existing in European politics on the eve of World War I.
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Bolshoi vsemirnyi nastolny atlas Marksa. Nachatyi podi redakciei pokoynago professora E. Iu. Petri, zakonchennyi vʺ 1903 g. i vychodyachii vtorymʺ izdaniemʺ pod redakciei Iu. M. Shokalskago ... 62 glavnychʺ i 160 dopolnitelʹnychʺ kartʺ na 55 tablicachʺ in folio ... Vtoroe peresmotrennoe i dopolnennoe izdanie 1909 goda. Depechatka 1916 goda, 1916
Marks, A. F. (Firm), St. Petersburg
This is the Comprehensive Marks Hand Atlas of the entire world, which presents a Russian view of the world on the eve of the Russian Revolution. Initially compiled and edited by Prof. E.Iu (Yu). Petri, finished in 1903. The 2nd. edition printed in 1909, reprinted in 1916 published under the supervision of Iu (Yu).M. Shokalskago, by A.F. Marks Company. Atlas A.F. Marksa presents new ways of presentation. Its maps are distinguished by their visibility, regularity and clarity, along with an enormous wealth of accurate geographical information expressed not only directly in the maps, but also in supporting graphs and charts. Includes 62 main and 160 inset lithographic maps on 55 folio size sheets. The single sheet general map of Russia in Europe, the 16 sheet highly detailed map of Russia in Europe, and the 2 sheet map of Siberian Russian are all original maps made for this atlas, from various sources explained in the preface. The non-Russian maps are derived from the world atlas of Wagner and Debes published in Leipzig, Germany, probably the 1895 or 1899 editions, with all names translated into Russian. Most maps are on two pages, but not all of them. All maps of the second edition enhanced with new geographical information and many are changed from the Wagner and Debes base maps, for example Palestine is entirely new. The projection method for each map is mentioned.
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Die Militarischen Ereignisse im Volkerkrieg 1914-1919 in wochentlichen Karten mit Chronik zu dauernder Erinnerung von der Kriegshilfe Muchen N.W. dem Kriegsfuersorgeamt Wien Ueberlassen. (Military Events in the People's War, 1914-1919, in Weekly Maps for Everlasting Memory provided to the War Welfare Department Vienna by the War Welfare Department Munich N.W.). 1914 to 1919
Mayer, Rudolf, Munchen
A contemporaneous World War I seven volume German work, consisting of 226 weekly maps (typically each map sheet is subdivided into several parts) and textual progress reports describing the various war fronts. The maps and texts describing the Theaters of War include: Oceans and Colonies; Turkish-Russian (Holy War); Serbia; Western Front; Eastern Front. There also is a weekly update of political news. In the liners of volumes 1 though 5 there are calls to arms (text of speeches) by Emperor Franz Joseph and Emperor Kaiser Wilhelm II; noticeably absent in the final two volumes. Dates are weekly from the beginning of September 1914 through February 12, 1919. Seven maroon cloth covered volumes with gilt lettering and black border. All sheets double-sided - predominantly maps on front side, mostly text on verso; they are scanned as two images. Most maps in color. Show battle lines, towns, cities, roads, railroads, rivers, canals, political divisions. Town and city names color coded to show which army controls them.  View Maps

Atlas geografico de la Republica Mexicana : Secretaria de Agricultura y Fomento : Direccion de Estudios Geograficos y Climatologicos 1919-1921.
Mexico. Direccion de Estudios Geográficos y Climatologicos, Mexico
Thirty-two numbered maps, most followed by a relief map and a geologic map. Full color. Some maps, 2nd edition. Maps were also issued separately. Cover - title page shows full color view of Southwestern Coast of North America, with decorative Mayan illustration on the background, and a Maya Indian drawing map. 

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Atlas Scolaire Suisse pour l'Enseignement Secondaire. Publ. par la Conférence des Chefs des Départements Cant. de l'instruction publ. et Subventionné par la Confédération. 2me edition. Executé par l'Institut, Kartographia Winterthur S.A. 1921.
Kartographia Winterthur, Lausanne : Genève
Exceptional Swiss school atlas for secondary education. 2nd. edition, x, 136 P. 1st. edition published in 1911. Full color maps, table of contents, and texts.

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Map of New York : Patented Jan 4, 1921, copyright 1923 by Rota-ray map systems, inc. Rochester. New York. Notice: Traveling East the adjoining section is on the bottom roller. Notice: Traveling West the adjoining section is on the top roller. The roads are numbered where it leaves the section. It comes in on the adjoining section at the same number. 1923
Rota-ray map systems, Inc., Rochester, N.Y.
Hand held rotating color map in black metal box 17x11, 4 cm. deep. in 13 sections, with window to display map sections. Covers New York, starting at Niagara Falls, Buffalo, Jamestown, Lockport down to Salamanca, Cuba, a small section of PA (Bradford, Smethport), Rochester, Batavia, Hornell, Wellsville, Bath, Auburn, Elmira, Watertown, Syracuse, Binghamton and Johnson City, Ogdensburg, Rome, Utica, Potsdam, Little Falls, Oneonta, Malone, Amsterdam, Cobleskill, Middletown, Troy, Schenectady, Albany, Plattsburgh, Glens Falls, Saratoga, Schenectady, and south to New York City and more. Some maps noted Road map, or City map. Includes mileage chart for each section.

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14 London Underground Maps, dated from 1909 to 1950
Various Authors, Various Places
A group of 11 London Underground maps, beginning with the early maps by MacDonald Gill which still followed "geographic" mapping style, to the revolutionary 1933 diagrammatic map by Harry Beck, and ending with Beck's much expanded map of 1950.  View Maps

Maps for Imperial Airways by Lazlo Moholy-Nagy and James Gardner, 1937
Moholy-Nagy, Lazlo; Gardner, James, London
This extraordinary world map by noted Bauhaus designer and artist, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, draws on the pioneering information design work of Harry Beck and his London subway maps, here used to show the routes of Imperial Airways and associated airlines. What is special about the map is the combining of the more standard world map with air routes shown, with the abstract version in Beck's style of the entire route system, in an overlaid diagram floating above the Americas and the southern Pacific ocean. To further complicate the design, Moholy-Nagy uses Stanford maps with their more standard map conventions to delineate the countries that made up the British empire in 1937. The remainder of the world is left abstract. This is a very unusual map and very rare. Moholy-Nagy's name is not printed on the map, but the attribution comes from Borchardt-Hume, "Albers and Moholy-Nagy: From the Bauhaus to the New World," 2006 Tate Publications, London. In the same year, James Gardner designed a similar but slightly more conventional map for Imperial Airways - using the Beck inspired graphics but with much less Bauhaus influence.

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World Missionary Atlas. Containing a Directory of Missionary Societies, Classified Summaries of Statistics, Maps Showing the Locations of Missionary Stations throughout the World, a Descriptive Account of the Principal Mission Lands, and Comprehensive Indicies, 1925
Institute of Social and Religious Research, New York
Possibly the most detailed listing and geographic placement on maps of Protestant missions throughout the world in the early 20th century. The atlas uses Bartholomew base maps. View Atlas

Stieler's Atlas of Modern Geography. 254 Maps & Insets on 108 Sheets Engraved on Copper. Tenth (Centenary) Edition. Completely Revised & Largely Redrawn under the Direction of Professor H. Haack in Justus Perthes' Geogr. Institute, 1925
Haack, H.; Stieler, Adolf, Gotha
Two volume set in English. 10th edition and the Centenary edition. This edition was a very important revision and was issued in German, French, English, Spanish, and Italian. Each map preceded by index map, printed in blue, which is labeled, "Stielers Handatlas, Zehnte Auflage / Hundertjahr-Ausgabe. Gotha: Justus Perthes." Relief shown in hachures. Alphabetical Index of place names not scanned. Over 43 different draftsmen and engravers are listed on the various sheets. View Atlas

Windsor Farms, a residential development on the James River at Richmond. Henrico Co., Virginia : made for Windsor Farms Inc. Richmond VA. by Allen J. Saville, Inc. Engineering and Construction. Plan by John Nolen - Town Planner; Philip W. Foster - associate Harvard Sq., Cambridge, Mass. 1927
Saville, Allen J., Inc.; Windsor Farms Inc.; Richmond, VA.
Windsor Farms, a neighborhood of Richmond Virginia, was one of the first planned communities in the United States after the Radburn community in New Jersey. Color map. Shows boundary, easement, and building lines, properties by blocks, lot number, parcel number, ownership of large plots, acreage, and roads. Includes note and legend.

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Official paved road and commercial survey of the United States. Sectional road maps covering the entire United States and lower Canada, 1927
National Map Company, Indianapolis
A series of nine double page "Sectional Paved Road Maps" show the extent of paved, improved and unimproved roads throughout the country in great detail. Illustrating details of major cities, color maps of each state. Also includes a postal airway map, a highway mileage chart, logs of transcontinental federal highways, a transcontinental highway map, population information for U. S. cities based on the latest federal census data. View Atlas

Historical Flight Map with Chronological Review of Aviation History, 1930
Rand McNally & Company, New York
A folded brochure with map on back. Includes a detailed history of aviation from 1891 to 1930. Shows routes of 24 flight pioneers in color.

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Philco radio atlas of the world. New edition ... 1935
Philco Radio & Television Corp., Buffalo
Atlas in 32 pages. With 7 color maps: copyright by J.W. Clement Co. Matthews-Northrup Works, Buffalo, N.Y. Includes table of contents, text, advertisements, and illustrations. Also includes World-Wide airline mileage chart, and tables showing "principal Short - wave stations of the World", and "North American Long - wave stations." On verso of cover title: "This Radio atlas is presented to by St. Helens Radio & Elec. co. Columbia, Co. Bank Building". Note: "With a new 1936 American and Foreign Broadcast Phico, you are on the threshold of thrilling adventure and glorious entertainment ..."
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Atlas de L'Afrique du Nord ... Cartes dressees par: le Commandant P. Pollacchi, Ancien chef de la Cartographie etrangere du Service Geographique de l'Armee; M.R. de Flotte de Roquevaire, Chef du Service Cartographhique du Gouvernement, General de l'Algerie; le Commandant H. Nady, Chef de Service Geographique du Maroc, 1939
KHardy, M. Georges; Pollacchi, P.; de Flotte de Roquevaire, M.R.; Mady, H., Paris
Fascinating thematic atlas of French North Africa on the eve of WW II. View Atlas

State Farm road atlas : United States, Canada, Mexico, hotel, cabin camp guide. Published by: The State Farm Insurance Companies Travel Bureau, Bloomington, Illinois. Copyright 1939 by Rand McNally & Company, Chicago, Ill. 1939
Rand McNally and Company; State Farm Insurance Companies Travel Bureau, Bloomington, Ill.
Atlas is bound in green card board printed with title "State farm road atlas: United States, Canada, Mexico." 41 maps. Most maps printed in color. On back cover: Advertisement for the State Farm Insurance Companies and view of Home office building, Bloomington, Ill. Advertisements, and general index inside front cover.   View Atlas

The Histomap of Evolution: earth, life and mankind for ten thousand million years. Arranged by John B. Sparks. Copyright, 1932, by John Sparks, 1942 edition. (Cover title) From the flaming planet to modern man: The Histomap of Evolution : Ten thousand million years of evolution on single page. One dollar. 1942
Sparks, John B.; Rand McNally and Company, Chicago
This is a companion timeline to Spark's Histomap of History (see our 1810.000). The jacket designed by Clark Higginson. Text on back cover: "The Histomap of Evolution, by John B. Sparks." Evolution chart shows "Lines of descent and relative dominance of the several classes, orders and species of life." On the sides are a chronological list to "Geological cultural historical periods" and "The history of emergence and progression of life". Glossary on the bottom panel.
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[World War II battlefronts]. Copyright, 1944, by Remington Rand, Inc. Printed in U.S.A. (Map signed by) Kenneth W. Thompson. (text signed by) George Fielding Eliot. 1944
Eliot, George Fielding; Thompson, Kenneth, W., Toronto
Seven color maps 32x47, on sheets 46.5x53. Title proper supplied by cataloguer. Includes: Map I, The Russian Front. Map II. the Balkans. Map III. Italy & South France. Map IV. Western Front. Map V. Southeastern Asia. Map VI. The Southwest Pacific. Map VII. The North Pacific. Each map includes text. Shows boundaries, railroads and major cities. Relief shown by landform drawing.  

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ADAC Autobahn-Karte. Masstab 1:1 500 000. (panel title) ADAC Autobahn-Karte : Karte des Allgemeinen Deutschen Automobil-Clubs, Sitz Munchen. Mit samtlichen Auffahrten, Hilfsauffahrten, Tankstellen und Rasthausern sowie dem Fernstrassennetz. Kartographisches Institut Kurt Mair/ Stuttgart. 1950
Allgemeiner Deutscher Automobil-Club, Stuttgart
Map shows some of the earliest depiction's of controlled access highway interchanges. Color map, 60x42 on sheet 83x44, folded into self wrapped cover, 10.5x12. Includes legend. Shows roads, gas stations, rest areas, cities and towns, distances, etc. 

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BEA International Route Maps : British European Airways. Printed in U.K. by International Aeradio Ltd., Southall, Middlesex. 1954
British European Airways Corporation, London
Series of route maps showing air services to Europe and the Middle East. In 17 pages, folded into cover 21x9.5 with color maps. Includes list of BEA offices, Key maps to domestic and international routes, route lines, and advertisements.   View Maps

De Luxe Map Library. Hammond. Classics Edition. 1957
C.S. Hammond Co., New York
A boxed set of 9 political maps of the world, its continents, the United States, and Canada. Full color. Date estimated from the dating code on several of the maps.  

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Intourist's Pocket Guide to the Soviet Union. Maps of Moscow and Leningrad. State Publishers for Foreign Trade. Printed in USSR, 1960 (with) Moscow. Map by Michael Getmanski, 1938
State Publishers for Foreign Trade; Getmanski, Michael, Moscow
Two pocket maps, one from 1960 and the other from 1938, showing Moscow and Leningrad (St. Petersburg).

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The World. Compiled from information to 1961 by the U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office. Elevations in Feet. Depth Curves in Fathoms. Mercator Projection... 2nd Ed. Oct.1961
U.S. Navy Hydrographic Office, Washington, D.C.
A large 12 sheet map of the World showing bathymetric data to 1961 as well as major landforms. Also shows major cities, political boundaries, ice limits.  

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35 Landform Maps by Erwin Raisz, 1933 to 1968
Raisz, Erwin, Various Places
Erwin Raisz was a pioneer in the drawing of complex landform maps that are able to convey topography at varying scales in a clear cartographic style. Most of the these maps were produced at the Institute of Geographical Exploration, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.  Current editions of most of these maps are available at www.raiszmaps.com

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People's Republic of China - Atlas. November 1971
United States. Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C.
Atlas with 82 pages and 22 full color maps. Scale of principal maps 1:4,000,000 or 1:10,000,000. Bound in yellow heavy paper covers with title" People's Republic of China - Atlas. Central Intelligence Agency." Includes table of contents, thematic maps, charts, photographs, and geographic, economic, and cultural data. View Atlas

Atlas of Eastern Europe, 1990
United States. Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C.
Covers Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, Romania and Yugoslavia. With one folded color map of Eastern Europe, scale 1;2,500,000 and 19 small maps, with insets, on 2 pages, covering population density, economic activity, land use and historical data, with Gazetteer on verso. Atlas is in two parts in 39 pages, in green spiral bound covers, map bound within, 30.5x42. Includes glossary of historical regions, statistical diagrams, agricultural data, location map, and text.

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Atlas of The Middle East, 1993
United States. Central Intelligence Agency, Washington, D.C.
Color maps, with explanatory text, appendices: A. National facts. B. Index, gazetteer, and legend, and C. Selected bibliography, in two parts: Part one: Regions of Middle East. Part two: Nations of Middle East. Includes two folded color maps attached to atlas, on 1 sheet, back to back : Middle East. Scale 1:4,500,000 and Middle East oil and gas. Scale 1:4,500,000, and 35 small maps, with insets, covering population density, economic activity, land use historical data, location map, explanatory text and statistical diagrams. 

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Gipsometricheskaia karta SSSR. masshtab 1:2500000. Glavnoe upravlenie geodezii i kartografii pri Sovete Ministrov SSSR. Moskva, 1949 (Physical Map of the Soviet Union)
Soviet Union. Glavnoe upravlenie geodezii i kartografii, Moskva
Remarkably detailed physical map of the Soviet Union, a classic product of the excellent soviet cartography of the period. A huge color map, on 32 sheets, each 69x65, and 212x354 when joined. Relief shown by gradient tints and spot heights. Depths shown by bathymetric tints and soundings. Includes index sheet.

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Road Map to the Best Free Stuff on the Internet, 1995
Randall, Neil, New York
A very early diagram/map showing where free content was available on the Internet in 1995 and how to access it.  

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Over 2,000 Pictorial Maps added, 1611 to 2014
Various Authors, Various Places
Over 2,000 pictorial maps have been added to the collection, in the form of separate maps, pocket maps, case maps, atlases, manuscript maps, and wall maps. Pictorial maps are generally described as maps that employ various kinds of illustrations, images and texts that enhance the cartographic message. While they seem to have peaked in popularity in the 1920 to 1940 period, they have antecedents in the 19th century and the form continues today. We will be continuing to add more pictorial maps to the collection, and this link will automatically update with the new materials.
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Over 2,000 Pictorial Maps in Online Collection

Over 2,000 Pictorial maps and related images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection in the form of separate maps, pocket maps, case maps, atlases, manuscript maps, and wall maps. Pictorial maps are generally described as maps that employ various kinds of illustrations, images, and text that enhance the cartographic message. While they seem to have peaked in popularity in the 1920 to 1940 period, they have antecedents in the 19th and earlier centuries and the form continues today. We will be continuing to add more pictorial maps to the collection, and this link will automatically update with the new maps. We are broad in our definition of pictorial maps, and include in that category certain panoramic and birds-eye maps, diagrammatic maps, and timelines. Some of the more prolific or exceptional pictorial map makers are detailed below. Highlights in this addition are pictorial maps by MacDonald Gill, Ernest Dudley Chase, Ashburton Tripp, Jo Mora, Ruth Taylor White, Lucien Boucher, Gerald Eddy, Miguel Covarrubias, Heinrich Berann, Ernest Clegg, Karl Smith, Edwin Olsen, Stanley Turner, Coulton Waugh, Everett Henry, Lindgren Brothers, Don Bloodgood, Colortext Corp, Frank Dorn, C.V. Farrow, Richard Edes HarrisonAlva Scott GarfieldElizabeth Shurtleff, Tony Sarg, Louise Jefferson, Harrison Godwin, and Courtland Smith. A group of original pictorial map catalogs is also included. For more information on pictorial maps, see writings of Elisabeth Burdon, George Glazer, Roderick Barron, Wikipedia, and Library of Congress.

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Pictorial Maps by MacDonald Gill, 1915 to 1947
Gill, Leslie MacDonald, Various Places
MacDonald Gill was an important British artist who created many kinds of illustrations, as well as maps. His 1915 London Underground map is considered one of the most important 20th century pictorial maps which established a distinctive pictorial style. His schematic pocket maps for the London underground are also important as precursors of Harry Beck's fully developed diagrammatic London underground maps starting in 1933. View Maps

Pictorial Maps by B. Ashburton Tripp, 1925 to 1954
Tripp, B. Ashburton, Cleveland, Ohio, and Alexandria, Virginia
Ashburton Tripp, 1887-1955, was a landscape architect who also made and self published pictorial maps of Cape Cod, Massachusetts and Martha's Vineyard, Massachusetts. He drew but never published a map of Panama. In addition, he drew several maps of his landscape commissions, as well as other maps for clients. While his output was relatively small, the quality of his work is extraordinary. We were able to acquire a large group of his manuscript and published maps from his family.  View Maps

Jo Mora Pictorial Maps, 1926 to 2007
Mora, Jo, Various Places
Jo Mora, 1876 - 1947, was a successful artist who created a large group of pictorial maps of varying places and subjects. Mora's work is outstanding for its artistic values and humor. For more information on his life and work, see the Jo Mora Trust.

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Pictorial Maps by Ernest Dudley Chase, 1931 to 1965
Chase, Ernest Dudley, Various Places
Ernest Dudley Chase produced a large group of pictorial maps over a thirty year period. Included are maps of the world, countries, cities, towns, thematic maps, and stamp maps. His meticulous drawing style of the pictorial elements is impressive. Chase also produced a large number of greeting cards, one of which is included here, along with a catalog of his maps issued by him in 1940.
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Picture Map Geography of the United States, 1931 (with) Picture Map Geography of South America, 1941
Johst, Paul Spener; Quinn, Vernon, New York
Two atlases with pictorial maps by Paul Spener Johst. The United States atlas has state-by-state geography with a blue and black colored, full-page map for each. Maps show crops, products, activities, landmarks, modes of transportation, etc. Includes Alaska and Hawaii. The South America atlas has maps of each country. Vernon Quinn wrote the text for both books.

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Atlas and Maps by Ruth Taylor White, 1929 - 1941
White, Ruth Taylor, Various Places
Ruth Taylor White produced the atlas "Our U.S.A. A Gay Geography" in 1935, an entertaining fanciful pictorial or cartoon atlas of the United States which includes a full color map and a page of historical and geographical text on each of the 48 states plus the Territories of Alaska, Hawaii, American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Philippines, plus a map of the Caribbean showing Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the Panama Canal Zone as well as the rest of the Antilles. Numerous small drawings on the map of each state depict sights, people, activities, crops, animals, relief, populated places,etc. A product of the 1930s, it depicts stereotypical images of people, such as on the Tennessee map there is a Ku Klux Klan (KKK) member in white hood and robe with a pistol and a bucket of tar, and a black person dragging a sack of cotton. In addition to these sometimes offensive images, the maps also reflect the times in terms of what was important or noteworthy about each area of each state, be it growing corn, raising mules, crabbing, racing horses, making movies, sailing, Native Americans, national parks, quilting, romance, volcanoes, whales, rain, gold, or big trees. Ruth Taylor White was educated at the Pratt Institute of Art and the Art Students League.  View Maps

Berta and Elmer Hader's Picture Book of the States, 1932
Hader, Berta Hoerner; Hader, Elmer Stanley, New York
Responsible for illustrating and writing dozens of children's books, Berta and Elmer Hader also did book covers for John Steinbeck and worked for several prominent magazines in addition to creating this delightful book of pictorial maps.

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Pictorial Maps by Lucien Boucher, 1934 to 1962
Boucher, Lucien, Paris
Lucien Boucher made a large group of maps for Air France which show the growth of the air routes over three decades, as well as maps for other sponsors including his outstanding map for the Red Cross in 1962. His distinctive style and artistic values are noteworthy.

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Gerald A. Eddy Pictorial Maps, 1933 to 1965
Eddy, Gerald A., Various Places
Gerald Eddy produced a wide variety of pictorial maps, largely of western U.S. areas, including Death Valley, Lake Tahoe, Boulder Dam, and Los Angeles.

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Pictorial Maps by Miguel Covarrubias, 1940 to 1942
Covarrubias, Miguel, Various Places
Covarrubias produced pictorial maps in a painterly style. His Pagent of the Pacific series of six maps is especially noteworthy - they are six mural-maps that he painted for Pacific House, the theme building of the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco in 1939. José Miguel Covarrubias Duclaud (his full name) was a Mexican painter and caricaturist, theater set designer, ethnologist and art historian very well known in the United States as well as in Mexico. He also made the manuscript Tree of Modern Art visualization with Ashburton Tripp.     View Maps

Pictorial Maps by Heinrich Berann, 1936 to 1995
Berann, Heinrich, Various Places
Heinrich Berann was prolific in the production of panoramic, birds-eye mountain views of locations in Europe and the United States, as well as sea floor drawings for National Geographic. 

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Ernest Clegg Pictorial Maps, 1926 to 1947
Clegg, Ernest, Various Places
Ernest Clegg made pictorial maps in a distinctive style that used many elements of Renaissance cartography - in the typography, the compass roses, the borders, and the decorative cartouches. 

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Pictorial map of Manhattan by C.V. Farrow, 1926
Farrow, Charles Vernon, New York
Farrow's map of Manhattan is full of interesting details well rendered, all of which contribute to an outstanding design and makes this map one of the best pictorial maps of the 1920's in the United States. This appears to be the only major map that Farrow designed. He died young, at age 40. The title cartouche is covered by the printed label (as issued) which also appears on the map envelope (not present with this copy).
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Pictorial Maps by Karl Smith, 1933 to 1959
Smith, Karl, Various Places
Karl Smith's maps are noteworthy for his incorporation of historical themes and strong graphic designs and vignettes. In addition to maps of the states, he made historical maps of the lives of Abraham Lincoln, Robert E. Lee, and Jefferson Davis.

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Edwin Olsen and Blake Clark Pictorial Maps, 1926
Olsen, Edwin; Clark, Blake, Boston
Olsen and Clark made a series of city maps that showed the influence of MacDonald Gill, while still maintaining their own unique style. Represented here are Boston, Philadelphia, and Washington, D.C.

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Pictorial Maps by Stanley Turner and C.C. Petersen, 1942 to 1969
Turner, Stanley; Petersen, C.C., Toronto
Stanley Turner and C.C. Petersen produced a large number of "Dated Events" war maps during World War II. They employ a wide variety of projections and pictorial styles, allowing their readers to follow the important events of the war on the maps.

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Pictorial Maps by Harrison Godwin, 1927 and 1928
Godwin, Harrison, Los Angeles and San Francisco
Godwin's maps are profusely illustrated with characters depicting history, humor,  and social commentary. His style is similar to Jo Mora but differs from Mora in the overall map designs.

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Pictorial Maps by Everett Henry, 1928 to 1981
Henry, Everett, Various Places

Everett Henry designed maps with literary themes: Moby Dick, Huckleberry Finn, Ivanhoe, Tale of Two Cities, Robin Hood, Treasure Island, and others.

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Famous flights and air routes of the world. Complement of H.J. Heinz Company 57, 1937
H.J. Heinz, Pittsburgh
Shows list of 25 famous flights, starting with Charles Lindbergh, shown top center. It also includes vignettes of 25 different planes and pilots from the early 1900's to 1930's. Includes routes of all the major airlines of the time - Northwest, American, United, Western Air, Eastern, Pan American, Pennsylvania, Air France, KLM, Imperial, Japan Air, Civil Air Trust, China National and Canadian Airways. Includes title carthouches, decorative compass rose and key to symbols. Relief shown by shadings.

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Pictorial Maps by Coulton Waugh, 1922 to 1930
Waugh, Coulton, Various Places
Coulton Waugh made several maps of Cape Cod, as well as maps of Long Island and Greenwich Village in New York City - all in a very distinctive style using elaborate borders and illustrations.

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Pictorial Maps by Lindgren Brothers, 1936 to 1948
Lindgren Brothers, Various Places
The Lindgren Brothers produced a large number of whimsical maps that stretch the boundaries of pictorial mapping and are definitely an acquired taste, and once acquired, they become fascinating.

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Pictorial Maps by Don Bloodgood, 1935 to 1968
Bloodgood, Don, Various Places
Don Bloodgood made a large variety of pictorial maps - of cities, parks, islands, and states. His pictorial style is dense with illustrations and humor. His work covers over 30 years, beginning in 1935 with his map of San Diego for the California Pacific International Exposition.

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L'Epanouissement du Monde. (The Fulfillment of the World.) 1948
Pinchon, J.P.; Perpillou, A., Paris
Pinchon was a noted French illustrator and comics pioneer. This book is his pictorial atlas of the provinces of France, with 48 geographical and pictorial maps in color, with Pinchon's signature on on each sheet. Each geographical map is accompanied by another pictorial map with vignettes depicting major attractions, trades, or historical events associated with a particular town, city, or region. The vignettes and the more notable features of each province are also described in descriptive text.

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Pictorial Maps by George Annand, 1934 to 1951
Annand, George, Various Places
George Annand produced a variety of pictorial maps for the Boston Herald newspaper as well as General Foods, the Waldorf Astoria Hotel and the 1939 New York World's Fair.

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Pictorial Maps by Louise Jefferson, 1944 and 1945
Jefferson, Louise E., New York
Louise E. Jefferson, the daughter of a calligrapher for the United States Treasury Department, was encouraged to draw from a young age. Her father taught her his craft at home and she later studied fine and commercial art in private lessons and at Howard University. She moved to New York to continue her education at the School of Fine Arts at Hunter College. In Harlem, Jefferson came in contact with other African-American artists and in 1935 she was a founding member of the Harlem Artists Guild, a program sponsored by the Works Progress Administration. A freelance job with the National Council of Churches’ publishing operation, Friendship Press, led to a full-time position. Jefferson eventually became the press’s art director. Jefferson was perhaps the first African-American woman to hold such a position in the publishing industry. Jefferson freelanced for major publishing houses, such as Viking and Doubleday, throughout her career. She was known as a designer of both skill and artistry.   View Maps

Urban Pictorial Maps by Hermann Bollmann, 1952 to 2014
Bollmann, Hermann, Various Places
Hermann Bollmann (1911-1971) was a German cartographer who brought his training as a graphic artist to bear on the German tradition of Vogelschaukarten (bird's-eye-view maps). He drew maps of many German cities, and published them at intervals to show their reconstruction after World War II. He also drew maps of foreign cities. For his map of New York City, Bollman's staff designed and built special cameras and took over 67,000 photographs of the city, 17,000 of which were from the air. The actual drawing was done by hand and is very accurate although streets are wider and some features are exaggerated for clarity.   View Maps

Isometric Maps by Tadashi Ishihara, 1982 - 2002
Ishihara, Tadashi, Osaka
Tadashi Ishihara has made several well crafted isometric or birds-eye view maps of American and Japanese cities. Working from photographs, he achieves extraordinarily detailed 3D images of urban and non urban areas. His work is in the same genre as that of Hermann Bollmann and Constantine Anderson (see our copies of their maps). View Maps

Maps of Manhattan, New York City, 1960 to 1985
Anderson, Constantine, New York
Constantine Anderson made detailed isometric maps of Manhattan Island in New York City for over 25 years, from 1960 to 1985. Primarily he focused on mid town Manhattan. He drew in the style of Herman Bollmann and was likely influenced by Bollmann's Manhattan map, although it is difficult to know which one drew their map first. Anderson sold portions of his map to real estate developers and agents to use for marketing purposes.

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Colortext Pictorial Maps, 1935 to 1938
Colortext Publications, Various Places
Colortext Publications created a variety of maps of countries as well as a noted map of Chicago, all in the 1930's. The country maps were in a "Story Map" format, showing important historical events. For more on Colortext, see Craig Clinton's excellent essay.

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A Map and History of Peiping (Beijing). Explanatory Booklet. By Frank Dorn, Peiping. Lithographed and Published by The Peiyang Press, Ltd. Tientsin-Peiping. 1936
Dorn, Frank, Tientsin-Peiping
Col. Frank Dorn (1901-1981), later brigadier general, was an artist, writer and aide to Gen. Joseph Stilwell, the man who during World War II commanded the U.S. and Chinese Nationalist resistance to Japanese incursions into China and Burma. Dorn's map of Peiping is a classic of the pictorial mapping period. Dorn's cartographic style shows the influence of his friend Jo Mora.

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Pictorial Maps by Alva Scott Garfield, 1959 to 1960
Garfield, Alva Scott, Madison, New Hampshire
Alva Scott Garfield made pictorial maps in the 1950's and 60's, including maps of New England towns and Harvard University. Historical themes are featured.

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Pictorial Maps by General Drafting, 1932 to 1962
General Drafting Company, Various Places
General Drafting was an active publisher of road maps, primarily for Standard Oil (Esso) and thrived in the period (1930's to 1950's) when these maps were given free to gas station customers. Pictorial mapping themes were incorporated into many of their maps.

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Pictorial Maps by Richard Edes Harrison, 1937 to 1947
Harrison, Richard Edes, Various Places
Richard Edes Harrison produced a unique style map view of the world for the "air age." These maps are precursors of our ubiquitous satellite maps of today, yet hand drawn with great cartographic skill. His work was published frequently by Fortune Magazine.

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Disneyland Pictorial Maps by Sam McKim and others, 1958 to 2005
McKim, Sam;Other Authors, Various Places
These 14 maps of Disneyland show the evolution of mapping the theme park from 1958 to 2005. Many of the early maps were created by Sam McKim and are signed by him.

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Paul M. Paine Pictorial Maps, 1926 to 1939
Paine, Paul M., Various Places
Paul M. Paine was a librarian who created several maps showing the history of authors and their books, as well as maps with historical themes. In his Booklover's Map of America he highlights the locations of many principal works of American literature. Novels that take place over multiple locations, such as Grapes of Wrath are indicated with a dotted line that maps the itinerary of the story. It also includes the birthplaces and homes of several important writers. Insets around the outside of the map give more information about certain cities with particular literary significance.   View Maps

Pictorial Maps by Rand McNally, 1931 to 1962
Rand McNally & Company, Chicago
Pictorial road maps, timelines, map catalogs, airline maps, war maps, and others were among the many different types of pictorial maps published by Rand McNally over a 30 year period, both with other cartographers as well as their own creations.

View Maps

Pictorial Maps by Tony Sarg, 1933 to 1939
Sarg, Tony, Various Places
Known as an illustrator and puppeteer (he is considered by some to be the father of modern puppetry in North America), Tony Sarg created several important pictorial maps of towns, world fairs, and regions.

View Maps

Elizabeth Shurtleff Pictorial Maps, 1926 to 1930
Shurtleff, Elizabeth, Various Places
Shurtleff created a group of pictorial maps in a very distinct style. Heavily illustrated maps and borders typically highlighted the history of the map location with colorful illustrations of places, people and events from colonial days, both on the map and in the decorative border.

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Downtown District of Manhattan, 1938
Zaidenberg, Arthur, New York
Arthur Zaidenberg, 1908 - 1990, was a noted artist who probably created this view of New York for the 1939 World's Fair. Zaidenberg was best known for his book, "Anyone Can Draw," and he published dozens of other "how to draw" books. He taught art at New York University, and created many murals for hotels. This pictorial map is his only know map production, and it is exceptional.

View Map

Pictorial Maps by Courtland Smith, 1933 to 1961
Smith, Courtland, New York
Courtland Smith made a distinctive map of Long Island in 1933 which was republished in 1961. It is one of the most ubiquitous pictorial maps so we assume it was printed in large quantities.

View Maps

Italia Viva del Prof. G. De Agostini ... Atlante Artistico In XXI Quadri a Colori, 1938
De Agostini, Giovani; Nicouline, Vsevolod Petrovic, Milano
This is a travel guide with many colorful pictorial maps. (See also our larger version of these maps, Imago Italiae). Vsevolod Petrovic Nicouline was a renowned Russian painter, print-maker, ceramicist, designer and illustrator born in the Ukraine in 1890. For a time he was with the Imperial Academy of Petersburg. His teaching career there was interrupted by the Bolshevik revolution. He was forced to flee and, after a daring journey, arrived in Constantinople accompanied by the Countess Bossalinie Aida who later became his wife. They survived in this city with menial jobs, and were finally able to join relatives in Genoa in 1920 where he held his first exhibition. In 1922 he moved to Nervi, opening a studio at the first Polish residence, meeting other Russian and Polish exiles. His years were rich in relationships, artists, and writers for whom he designed several books and arranged illustrations, commissions of portraits and more. In 1941 he was inaugurated into the Teatro Carlo Felice and designed sets for La Scala and the Metropolitan New York. He was an important illustrator of more than 100 children's books.

View Guide and Maps

Pictorial Maps by Jaro Hess, 1930 and 1953
Hess, Jaro, Various Places
Colorful and wonderfully detailed and imaginative pictorial map. Depicting more than fifty classic fairy tale characters and places that inhabit the same world, each artfully drawn and labeled. Jaro Hess was perhaps the most original artist of fantasy maps working in the United States from the 1930s through the 1960’s.

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Pictorial Maps by the Mentholatum Company, 1936 to 1939
The Mentholatum Company; Aitchison, Robert T., Various Places
Mentholatum produced a group of U.S. state maps that showed historical events on the maps and added descriptive text to further describe important events. The company used these maps as promotions for its products. Robert T. Aitchison drew the maps.

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Wonder Map of Melbourne, 1934
John Power Studios, Melbourne
Celebrates the Centenary Year of Melbourne, Australia - 1934. Densely illustrated birdseye view of Melbourne in bright colors. Many quips with cute illustrations. Border of eucalyptus leaves and pods.

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Pictorial Maps by Alfred Taylor, 1930 to 1933
Taylor, Alfred, Various Places
Taylor's maps of Great Britain were published separately and in book form as Pictorial Britain. All the maps seem to have been sponsored in some manner by the Anglo American Oil Company, either through its Pratt's or Esso brands.

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Pictorial Maps by Albert Richard Co., 1938 to 1940
Albert Richard Co., Cheeseman, E.E., Milwaukee, WI.
The Albert Richard sportswear apparel company sponsored a series of football maps by E.E. Cheeseman that remain a valuable historical look at the state of the sport in the late 1930's. They also made a map titled Patriotic Panorama of the United States during World War II.

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Les provinces de France Illustrees et leurs divisions departmentales. Illustrations de J.P. Pinchon. Ed. Blondel la Rougery. Editeur, 7 Rue St. Lazare, Paris. Deuxieme edition. 1929
Pinchon, Joseph-Porphyre, Paris
2nd. edition, pictorial atlas of the provinces of France, with 48 geographical and pictorial maps in color in 48 pages, with Pinchon signature on on each sheet. Each geographical map is accompanied by another pictorial map with vignettes depicting major attractions, trades, or historical events associated with a particular town, city, or region. The vignettes and the more notable features of each province are also described in descriptive text.   View Atlas

Pictorial Maps by Robert Waldmire, 1981 - 2001
Waldmire, Robert, Rochester (Illinois)
Robert Waldmire created dense, unique maps in his own hand drawn style. Each map includes very detailed texts and vignettes about mining, wildlife, labor controversies, sports, businesses, landmarks, history, and more.

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Pictorial Map Catalogs and Articles, 1925 - 1977
Various Authors, Various Places
A group of original pictorial map catalogs and articles that are very useful in understanding the publishing history of pictorial maps in the period of 1920 to 1960. These catalogs give an excellent context for the sale and creation of pictorial maps during the period of their great popularity. Most of these items are from the Collection of James Utley MD and were lent to us for scanning.

View Catalogs and Articles

  • News
  • November 7, 2014

Georeferencer Added to Online Library

Help Us Find Locations for Our Maps

Georeferencer is a new application we have added to our online library. It allows you to overlay historic maps on modern maps and other historic maps. The overlaid maps reveal changes over time and enable many kinds of analysis and discovery. Read more about it on our Georeferencer page. The image below from Georeferencer shows San Francisco Mission Bay in 1857 on the left compared with the modern map of San Francisco on the right, showing Mission Bay completely filled in. The two maps are perfectly aligned in Georeferencer in the Side-by side view and the red dot shows the same location in both maps. You can pan and zoom the two maps in sync.

Here the map in the 2D view in Georeferencer is overlaid on the modern map and the transparency slider used to show dramatic changes in the shoreline and the filling in of Mission Bay over the ensuing 100 years.

You can choose your own maps to georeference by Searching LUNA or help us georeference the entire online map library by using our Random Map link which will open maps that are part of our First Pilot Project. The video below gives a quick explanation of the process. Users who georeference the most maps will be recognized on our site. The First Pilot Project will include over 10,000  maps of major cities and regions throughout the world. Recently Georeferenced maps can be viewed by image or by location.

Klokan Technologies developed Georeferencer with the Moravian Library. You can combine and compare maps found at the Georeferencer pages at the National Library of Scotland and the British Library with maps from our collection in Georeferencer, just use your Login at those two online libraries Georeferencer pages and make Favorites of maps found there. Those maps will then show up in your Favorites list here and at those libraries as well.

  • News
  • December 13, 2013

San Francisco Airport Exhibits Maps from Rumsey Collection

Maps of San Francisco from the David Rumsey Collection will be exhibited at the San Francisco International Airport Museum from December 14, 2013 to October 1, 2014. Over 30 maps, views, and photographs document the extraordinary growth of San Francisco from the gold rush village of 1849 to the 20th century metropolis it became. The exhibit will be in the airport exhibition gallery in Terminal 2 (Virgin America and American Airlines), beyond security. The exhibit combines the original maps with digital representations, including videos and Google Earth overlays. View a selection of the exhibit maps at the airport online exhibit and read the press release. You can also view all the maps used in the exhibit on davidrumsey.com

From the exhibition catalog:"San Francisco was at once improbable and inevitable. Much of the land at the northern tip of this hilly peninsula consisted of windswept sand dunes and was frequently blanketed with a cold fog during its summer season. But its location at the entrance to the largest natural harbor on the Pacific Coast, a series of auspicious events, and consecutive generations of citizens boldly reinventing their home on their own terms all combined to produce a city considered by many of its residents and visitors to be one of the world’s finest only fifty years after its founding. By all accounts, the transition of this sleepy village clinging to the shoreline of a sheltered cove to a boisterous, thriving metropolis was sudden. Charts, maps, and illustrated views document the remarkable pace of San Francisco’s early development in the latter half of the nineteenth century and its perpetual state of transformation throughout the twentieth century."

  • News
  • September 2, 2013

Smithsonian and ESRI use Rumsey Maps in New Time Viewer

The online Smithsonian Magazine has partnered with Allen Carroll and Bern Szukalski at ESRI's story maps to create urban history time viewers showing changes in the growth of six American cities using georeferenced maps from the Rumsey Collection. You can experience all the map viewers here.

Below are two images of Colton's 1836 Map of New York City compared to a modern satellite image, using the "spyglass" map viewer created by the ESRI map story team. You can switch between the old map and the modern map as a base, using the "Swap Views" button in the upper right corner. See the live interactive viewer here.

Five other cities are shown: Chicago in 1868, Denver in 1879, Los Angeles in 1880, Washington D.C. in 1851, and San Francisco in 1859.

You can see more ESRI story maps on other topics and themes here.

August 19, 2013 - 5,359 New Maps Added

5,359 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 42,725 maps and related images. Highlights in this addition are Rizzi Zannoni's 1808 Atlante geografico del regno di Napoli; a very early geography game from France, Le Jeu du Monde of 1645; several World Atlases by Stieler; 60 Maritime Charts from the United States Exploring Expedition, 1850; over 900 topographical and geological maps from the 19th and 20th century published by the Ordnance Survey of Great Briton; 10 maritime charts from various parts of the world, 1807 - 1882; 7 County and City Atlases, 1872 - 1913; 6 manuscript maps of the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad in the U.S. Southwest, 1882; Russell's report and map of ancient Lake Lahontan in Nevada; the Codazzi and Paz Atlas of Colombia, 1889; a rare German Physical Atlas of the Atlantic Ocean, 1922; the 1906 and 1915 editions of the Atlas of Canada; Baist's 1921 real estate Atlas of Los Angeles; Paullin and Wright's 1932 Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States; transportation traffic maps of California from 1934; a rare Thomas Brothers Atlas of California, 1938;  Key transit system aerial photos of Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, California, 1948; and the 1988 U.S.G.S Atlas of Oblique Maps. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below.  Or click here to view all 5,359 new maps and images.

Atlante geografico del regno di Napoli, 1808
Rizzi Zannoni, Giovanni Antonio, Naples
Rare atlas published by the famous cartographer Rizzi Zannoni (1736-1814) during more than 20 years of business in Naples, first as a Geographer of the King and then director of the Topographical Office in Naples in 1781. The maps are based on trigonometric survey and represent a new level of accuracy for Italian mapping. The Cassini projection is used. Title vignette on plate 2. Plates are dated next to the engraver (Giuseppe Guerra) and despite the indication given in the title (1808), were published between 1788 and 1812. The atlas consists of 31 plates, each double page. With views of different sailing ships on each plate. Plates are not numbered, the first plate untitled, showing northern Italy, the second and third plates, also on two pages (which join to make one map), have titles: Carta del’ itinerarj militari da Bologna a tutto il Regno di Napoli ordinata da S.M Giuseppe Napoleone I. Diretta dal Gen. Div. Parisi costruita da P. Colletta Ten. Cotto del Genio.’  View Composite Map of 31 plates.       View  Entire Atlas   View Composite Map in Google Earth

Le Jeu du Monde, 1645
Duval, Pierre, Paris
This is one of the earliest geographical games that we have seen. Only one other copy is known of this game, held by the Bibliothèque Nationale de France. The object of the game is to progress from the outer parts of the world in towards the center (France) by rolling dice and moving each player's piece from circle to circle on the board. California is shown as an island in the circle. Duval also made a similar game of France. View Game

Paskaerte van Nova Granada, en t'Eylandt California, 1666
Goos, Pieter, Amsterdam
First issue of this important map showing California as an island. R.V. Tooley referred to the map as "Perhaps the most attractive and certainly the most definite representation of California as an island. California is the centre and 'raison de'etre' of the map." One of a few maps to focus exclusively on California as an island, first published in Goos' De Zee Atlas ofte Water-Weereld. "With the similar Joannes van Loon chart of the same year, this is one of the most desirable of all California as an island maps..." (Burden). Reissued in 1668, 1669, 1670, 1675, 1676.  View Map

Histoire Philosophique et Politique Des Establissements et Du Commerce Des Europeens Dans Les Deux Indes (with) Atlas De Toutes Les Parties Connues Du Globe Terrestre, Dresse Pour L'Histroire Philosophique et Politique des Etablissemens et du Commerce des Europeens dans les Deux Indes, 1780
Raynal, G.T.; Bonne, Rigobert, Geneva
Text is first edition; Atlas is 1820 revised edition. The atlas was first issued in 1780 with maps engraved by Andre, then reissued in 1783-4 (P5995) without Andre or Bonne on the maps, finally reissued in 1820 with the maps reengraved by Dien (Tooley Dictionary)(our copy of atlas). WH has copies of the 1780 and 1783-4 atlases. It is strange that map #2, the World map, in our copy is an earlier map than the first and second editions of the atlas. Sabin shows many reissues of the 1780 edition of the atlas, so there may be more editions and states than these three. The earlier editions of the atlas were accompanied by twenty three tables in the back. Our copy of the text is 12 mo. and was given as a student prize. Maps are uncolored. Atlas bound in quarter leather with "Raynal. Atlas." in gold on spine. View Atlas

Statistique Generale et Particuliere De La France et De Ses Colonies, avec une Nouvelle Description ..., 1804
Poirson, J.B.; Herbin de Halle, Etienne de.,  Paris
The important map in this book is Poirson's "Cours De Mississippi Comprenant La Louisiane, Les 2 Florides, Une Partie Des Etas-Unis, et Pays Adjacents." One of the last French maps of Louisiana before it was transferred to the United States. Wheat calls the map "of great interest" in its "display (of) the concept of Louisiana, and especially Missouri, current in French official circles just before the transfer of the Province to the United States." The remainder of the maps, all of which are in outline color, show French holdings throughout the world. Bound with half leather boards, the title on the spine.        View Atlas

An Atlas Of Ten Select Maps Of Ancient Geography Both Sacred And Profane; With A Chronological Table Of Universal History & Biography, 1815
Mellish, John, Philadelphia
Maps copied from Wilkinson's Atlas Classica. This becomes the Finley Ancient Atlas. Lucas also used many of these maps in his General Atlas of 1823. Covers are half leather, marbled paper covered boards. Includes a timeline map based on Joseph Priestley's timeline.       View Atlas

A General Descriptive Atlas Of The Earth, Containing Separate Maps Of The Various Countries And States, 1832
Dower, John; Higgins, W.M., London
Unrecorded Dower Atlas, Commentary by Higgins. See Tooley Mapping Australia for mention of these maps of Australia and Tasmania, though he mis-dated them and did not mention this Atlas as the source of the maps; perhaps they were published separately as well. 12 of the maps appear later in lithographic form in Dower's Short Atlas..for Schools. Unusual Mountains and Rivers Plate facing the title page. See Dower's 1854 General Atlas for the same maps, updated.   View Atlas

Hand-Atlas uber alle Theile der Erde, nach dem neuesten Zustande und uber das Weltgebaude, 1833
Stieler, Adolf, Gotha
Zero or first edition of Stieler Atlas published 1817-1833 in three versions. 1817-23 (version 0.a), 1823-31 (version 0.b), 1831-33 (version 0.c). Publication went through ten editions from 1816 to 1944. This version published in 2 parts then augmented with two further supplementary installments, through 1833. Most maps have the year of first edition. This edition compromises 90 sheets, dated 1816-1835, including composite index map, and extraordinarily detailed maps and supplements. View Atlas

Map sheets of Wuerttemberg, Southwest Germany, and Northern Italy, 1838 - 1840
Woerl, Joseph Edmund; Herder, Benjamin, Freiburg im Breisgau
Maps of southwestern Germany by Joseph Edmund Woerl, mapmaker in Freiburg 1830-1838. An important document about the road network. Red lithographic stone printing is laid on top of highly detailed black lithographic printing. In 23 parts (20 maps 43x46, a title page with decorative illustrations, sample maps and coat of arms, index sheet, and table) placed in cardboard case 54x64, with title "Woerl Atlas der Wuerttemberg." All the maps are at the same scale (1:200,000) and fit together into either one very large composite of all 48 maps or sub-maps of Switzerland (19 sheets plus title, see our 6824.000), Wurtttemberg (12 sheets including title) and Baden. We do not have all 48 maps but rather 24 in this group and 19 in the Switzerland group (although 3 maps appear in both groups, so our net total maps is 39 of 48). Included also are Woerl's maps of Northern Italy.  View Maps

Kriegsstrassen Karte eines Theiles von Russland, 1837, 1854, 1870
Schubert, Friedrich Theodor, Wien
A rare and important military map covering nearly the whole of European Russia and parts of neighboring countries in great detail, by the famous Russian military cartographer Theodor Friedrich Schubert [Fedor Fedorovic Subert] (1789-1865), here in the Austrian edition published in Wien in three versions, the original first edition 1837, the updated 1854 edition, and another version of the map that was hand updated by an owner (we presume) to about 1870.  View Maps

Nach Angabe und auf Kosten des Verfassers der Darstellung des Erzharzofthums Osterreich unter der Ens. (The depiction of the Archduchy Austria below the Enns), 1837
Schweickhardt, Franz Xaver, Vienna
This is same map as our 6937.000 but here dissected in unbound sheets. Each sheet has a booklet of text that explains the history of the area covered by the sheet. An extraordinary group of 63 birds-eye views of the Austrian countryside that all fit together into one very large image (we also have the composite image of all 63 joined). The views show the cultural landscape of the period in great detail, with settlements, buildings, roads, trees, and other features.  View Maps         View in Google Earth

The People's Atlas, Shewing The Relative Extent And Divisions, The Boundaries, And Other Geographical Details Of The Various Empires, States, And Quarters Of The World, Agreeably To The Best Authorities, And In Accordance With A Comparative View Of The Heights Of Hills And Lengths Of Rivers, 1848
Lothian, John, Glasgow
John Lothian was an Edinburgh geographer and publisher who issued atlases of Scotland and its counties from 1825 to 1835, and a General Atlas in 1834 (R. Baskes). Tooley and British Museum list an 1846 edition of this atlas, probably the first. This 1848 second edition is a late production for Lothian, engraved in the style of the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge (SDUK), but lithographed, with considerably less detail. On first glance the maps appear to be derived or copied lithographically from other maps of the period, but no engraver credit is given and we can not find any source maps. The mountains and rivers plate is unusual - it is a schematic representation that is decidedly "modern" in style.   View Atlas

Map of New Castle County, Delaware, from Original Surveys, Saml. M. Rea & Jacob Price. Published by Smith & Wisar, No. 15, Minor St., Philadelphia. 1849. (inset) Plan of the City of Wilmington. Compiled from Surveys by G.R. Riddle, C.E. 1847. Reduction by Rea & Price. Entered ... 1848 ... by Robert P. Smith, 1849
Rea, Samuel M.; Price, Jacob, Philadelphia
This is one of the earliest county wall maps produced in the United States (Ristow). Hand colored map mounted on linen with decorative black sticks at top and bottom. Hand tinted.  View Map

A New Universal Atlas containing maps of the various empires, kingdoms, states and republics of the World. With a special map of each of the United States, plans of cities &c., 1850, 1857, 1864
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus, Philadelphia
Three editions of Mitchell's New Universal Atlas. The 1850 edition is very unusual in having 2 sets of maps of the United States, Texas, and California. One of the U.S. maps has the very rare depiction of the proposed state of Deseret as a home for the Mormon settlements, covering parts of present day Nevada, Utah, and Arizona. The 1857 edition shows early county formations on the California map. And the 1864 edition is special in being the last known (so far) edition of the long atlas run, and includes a double page map of Kansas Territory.   View Atlases

Outlines Of The World. By A. Arrowsmith, Hydrographer to His Majesty. 1850. Published Jany st. 1847, by G.F. Cruchley, Mapseller, 81 Fleet Street, London. Addition to 1850
Arrowsmith, Aaron Jr., London
2nd edition, first was 1825 (see our 2550.000). The first edition was issued in the year following the elder Arrowsmith's death in 1824, and dedicated to him. As with the first edition, there is a portrait of A. Arrowsmith Sr. in this second edition and all of the maps appear to have been updated, showing changes in the intervening 25 years.  View Atlas

60 Hydrography Charts from the The United States Exploring Expedition, 1850
Wilkes, Charles; United States Exploring Expedition, Washington, D.C.
A set of 60 loose sheets (our Pub List Nos. 6941.000-7000.000) printed for individual sale on heavy paper. The charts of islands in the Pacific are likely some of the most detailed at the time (1840). The charts were also published on thinner paper as Vol. XXIII - Hydrography - Wilkes - Atlas of Charts - Vol. I and Vol. II, of The United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842. These 60 are not a complete set which consists of 106 unnumbered charts. For more information on the controversial expedition commander Charles Wilkes (1789-1877), the expedition's discoveries, and the resultant publications, see the 1968 bibliography of the expedition by Daniel C. Haskell entitled, "The United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 and Its Publications 1844-1874". Relief shown in hachures. Many maps include horizontal views of islands as seen from a ship.  View Charts

Atlas zu Alex. V. Humboldt's Kosmos in zweiundvierzig Tafeln mit erlauterndem Texte, 1851
Bromme, Traugott, Stuttgart
This atlas was not overseen by Humboldt (WH) and was not published with Humboldt's text. A later edition was issued in 1861. Maps in full color with a few historical and thematic maps at the beginning and end. As a physical atlas it has many interesting maps.    View Atlas

Hand - Atlas Uber Alle Theile Der Erde nach dem neuesten Zustande Und Uber Das Weltgebaude. Herausgegebenn von Adolf Stieler, berbeitet von Demselben, so wie von F.v. Stulpnagel, H. Berghaus u. J.C. Bar., 1851, 1853, 1881
Stieler, Adolf, Gotha
Three editions of Stieler's Hand - Atlas over a thirty year period in the mid 19th century. Stieler's maps are some of the most detailed and sophisticated of the period and many of the maps join to make large composite maps.  View Atlases

View all Stieler Atlases in the Collection

York. Surveyed in 1850, by Captain Tucker; R.E. Engraved in 1851, under the direction of Captain Yolland, R.E. at the Ordnance Map Office, Southampton, and Published by Lt. Colonel Hall R.E. Superintendent, 1st. Sept., 1852
Great Britain. Ordnance Survey; Tucker, Henry, Southampton
This set of large scale plans of York, Yorkshire, was surveyed between 1849 and 1851 by Captain Tucker R.E. for the Ordnance Map Office. Hand colored highly detailed, folded to 66.5x49, mounted on cloth. Shows roads, railroad, rivers, telegraph lines, layout of buildings, arched passage, churches. Buildings are colored red for masonry and gray for those of wood or iron construction, with glass buildings shown by cross-hatching. etc. The plan is drawn at a scale of five feet to one statute mile, or 60 inches to 1 mile (1:1056). The Plan was published in 21 separate sheets in September and October 1852. The sheets show in great detail the built city of York at the time of industrialization in the mid 19th century. The Ordnance Survey mapped about 4,000 cities and towns in England and Wales at a scale of 1:1056 in the 1850's and towards the end of the 19th century mapped many cities at the larger scale of 1:500. The quality, accuracy, and design of the maps far exceeds the commercial productions made of cities in the United States by Sanborn, Bromley, and others, although the U.S. productions had more detailed use information for insurance purposes. Of this set, sheets 5 and 12 are imaged from copies at the National Library of Scotland.    View Maps

Atlas of Australia with all the Gold Regions: a series of maps from the latest and best authorities. Edinburgh, Adam and Charles Black, North Bridge, booksellers and publishers to the Queen, 1853
Black, Adam & Charles,  Edinburgh
Atlas with 6 hand-colored engraved maps (5 double-page, one folded), and publisher's advertisements (dated 1853) at end. Bound in tan olive cloth cover, with gilt-blocked map of Australia, and no title on cover. These maps also appeared in Black's General Atlas of 1854 (see our 2305.000)  The maps show the recently discovered gold regions in New South Wales, Victoria, and South Australia. View Atlas

Vergleichendes Tableau der bedeutendsten Hoehen der Erde, von Prof. C. Desjardins. 4te Auflage. Munchen 1855. Zu haben in Wien bei Joseph Bermann am Graben (fur ganz Osterreich.), in Munchen bei May und Widmayer (fur Deutschland), 1855 (with)

Vergleichendes Tableau der Lange der Strome und der Grosse der Seen der Erde in geograph. Meilen zu 15 am Grad. Kartchen zur Berichtigung des wahren Laufes der Strome des Tableau mit den correspondirenden Rangs-Zahlen. Bearbeitet von Prof. Const. Desjardins. Verlag von J. Bermann. Ged., bei. L. Forster, 1855
Desjardins, Constant, Wien
Rare color charts framed in decorative borders. The first showing comparative table of the greatest Mountains and Volcanoes of the world. Extensive table indicating their relative heights with corresponding numbers. The second showing comparative table of the length of the rivers and lakes of the world. The lakes and rivers of the Eastern Hemisphere are shown on the left, with lakes and rivers of the Eastern Hemisphere on the right. Includes notes, and tables indicating correct run of the currents with corresponding numbers.  View Maps

View all the collection's Mountains, Rivers, and Lakes Maps

The Physical Geography of the Sea. By M.F. Maury, LL, D., U.S.N., Superintendent of the National Observatory. An Entirely New Edition, With Addenda., 1857
Maury, Matthew Fontaine, London, New York
Maury was one of the first cartographers to study and show winds and currents systematically on charts. This copy is the sixth edition, the first being 1855. Maury's book was a popular work that went through twelve editions. Maury also made large wind and sea charts of the North Atlantic (15 sheets) and the North Pacific (10 sheets). View Maps

Climatology of the United States, And of the Temperate Latitudes of the North American Continent, 1857
Blodget, Lorin , Philadelphia
Blodget was one of the first to bring together statistics on climate and put them in visual form on maps. His maps made it possible to easily relate climate differences in the United States to place and time.  First important work on this subject. Maps uncolored except for climatological information which is shown in red. Cloth covered boards with "Blodget's Climatology of the United States" on spine.   View Maps

Carte D'Etude Pour Le Trace Et Le Profil De Canal De Nicaragua, 1858
Belly, Felix; Gamond, Thome, Paris
Felix Belly was the most prominent proponent of a canal through Nicaragua. This book and beautiful map is a promotion for his scheme, which never achieved success during his time, yet was still being promoted well into the twentieth century. The full color map, 64x92, is a stunning example of early chromolithography, and is titled "Carte D'Etude Dressee Par Mr. Thome Gamond Pour Servir A L'Avant-Project Du Canal Interoceanique De Nicaragua..." The inset map is titled "Carte L'Amerique Centrale..." Along the bottom of the main map is a profile of the canal. The book is an inscribed presentation copy from Belly to a "Monsieur Mason." View Map

A Group of 10 Maritime Charts from all parts of the World, 1807 - 1882
Various Authors, Various Places
10 sea charts, ranging from an early Arrowsmith 1807 Chart of the Chart of Shetland Isles and Orkney Islands, to a British Admiralty 1882 Chart of Charleston Harbour. Of particular interest is James Imray's 1849 Chart of the North Pacific Ocean, showing detailed insets of San Francisco Bay at the time of the California Gold Rush. This chart was evidently aboard the ship, Northern Light, an American Clipper ship. Handwritten on the chart are the ship's locations on a round trip from San Francisco - Acapulco (March-April,1852) and thence toward Boston in May 1852. The ship returned to San Francisco and the following year, 1853, she sailed from San Francisco, California to Boston, Massachusetts via Cape Horn with Captain Freeman Hatch at the helm in a record-setting 76 days, 6 hours. The record still stands for a single hull vessel. Another chart in the group is Fielding Lucas's beautiful 1862 edition of Chart of the Chesapeake And Delaware Bays, a later edition of the 1840 chart of the same name. 

View Charts

Contributions to the Geology and the Physical Geography of Mexico, including a Geological and Topographical Map, with profiles, Of some of the principal Mining Districts; together with a graphic description of an ascent of The Volcano Popocatepetl, 1864
Egloffstein, Baron F.W. von, New York
Includes two beautifully engraved maps of the region including Mexico City, showing the topography of the area and then with a geologic overlay. The maps are engraved in the special style pioneered by Egloffstein (see all Egloffstein maps and views).    View Maps

City and County of San Francisco. Compiled from U.S. Land and Coast Surveys from the Official Surveys of the City, The Outside Lands. The Tide Land Commission and the Homestead Associations, 1869
Goddard, George H., San Francisco
Shows in tint the tidelands, homestead areas, parks, and cemeteries. There is property information and street layouts that appear to be unique to this map, compared to other San Francisco maps of the same period. A rare map.  View Map

Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. Old Series or First Edition, One-Inch Map of England and Wales, 1870
Great Britain. Ordnance Survey; Mudge, William (1762-1820); Colby, Thomas; Baker, Benjamin; Great Britain. Board of Ordnance, London, Southampton
Dates are estimated. Complete set of published 110 maps in Old Series or First Edition. This set is the first systematic survey of England and Wales based on triangulation. It was inspired by the prior Cassini survey of France (see our 5694.000) and the threat of French invasion at the end of the 18th century. The survey sheets were originally published from 1805 to 1870 and frequently updated; our sheets range in date from approximately 1848 to 1870. By 1870 all sheets in the Old Series had been completed (excepting sheet 100, Isle of Man) and thus our set is one of the first complete sets made up of a mix of map states, with the railroads added, which was started in the 1840's. Of the 110 sheets, 54 were issued as full sheets and the remaining 56 as quarter sheets. Sheets 1 and 100 added to set by us (Sheet 100, Isle of Man, was the last sheet published, after our set was assembled, in 1874). Exact dates are frequently ambiguous since old dates were left on in subsequent editions and most editions were not explicitly dated. Our set previously owned by Austrian Archduke Leopold Ludwig (1823-1898) and is from his library with his bookmark stamp. The Old Series actually consists of multiple editions or "states" for the map sheets corresponding to various publication dates; many of these states are characterized in detail in the eight-volume set, "The Old Series Ordnance Survey Maps of England and Wales, Scale 1 inch to 1 mile. A Reproduction of the 110 Sheets of the Survey in Early State in 8 Volumes", 1991, published by Harry Margary, Lympne Castle, Kent, Our map set has no dates (having been previously trimmed with the marginalia) so we have used the Margary work and also the March, 2013, Draft 599-page "Provisional Cartobibliography" an untitled followup publication of the The Charles Close Society to research which edition (date) we have for each sheet and subsequently have written it on the back of each sheet and entered it in the Date field of this catalog. The set shows a remarkably large number of Roman roads, camps, sites, roads in detail, railways; relief by hachures with spot heights; rivers and creeks; place names, settlements; geological symbols. From 1841 sheets were published in Southampton. Our sheets appear to have been issued just before the general updating of the sheets by electrotyping in the late 1860's. View Maps 

7 County and City Atlases, 1872 - 1913
Various Authors, Various Places
A group of seven county and city atlases. Includes Beer's Westchester County, 1872; Pictou County, Nova Scotia, 1879;  Saratoga and Ballston, New York, 1876; Newport, Rhode Island, 1876; Halifax, Nova Scotia, 1878; Will County, Illinois, 1873; and Rand McNally's Chicago, 1913. 

View All Atlases           

Maps of the First through Sixth Operating Divisions of the Western Division, Atlantic & Pacific Railroad, Albuquerque, New Mexico, to Mojave (Mohave), California, 1882
Atlantic & Pacific Railroad
A set of six hand-drawn maps on semi-transparent waxed linen with some color. Some areas are colored on the verso to highlight the areas in a muted style. We think that some type of backlighting was planned to be used to create a photolithographic plate from which printing would be done. No evidence was found that it was ever printed. These sheets were de-accessioned from the Santa Fe Railroad collection in the 1980s. Lewis Kingman did the route survey from Albuquerque to Needles. Relief shown by hachures. View Maps

Department of Interior : Monographs of the United States Geological Survey, vol. XI. House of Representative : 49th Congress, 1st Session. Mis. Doc. No. 304. Washington : Government printing Office 1885. Geological history of Lake Lahontan : a quaternary lake of Northwestern Nevada ; by Israel Cook Russell. (at head to title) United States Geological Survey; J.W. Powell, Director. .
Russell, Israel C. (Israel Cook), Washington, D.C.
Geological history of Lake Lahontan, published in U.S.G.S. Monograph vol. 11. Includes maps (mostly color) , views, diagrams, cross-sections and tables. The Map of Lake Lahontan shows the water area that covered much of the interior of northern Nevada at the end of the last Ice Age. Lake Lahontan included Pyramid Lake, the Smoke Creek Desert, the Black Rock Desert, and the Humboldt and Carson River sinks. View full text at archive.orgView Book and Maps

Atlas geografico e historico de la Republica de Colombia (Antigua Nueva Granada), 1889
Codazzi, Agustín; Paz, Manuel María, Paris
Geographical and historical atlas of the Republic of Colombia (Antigua New Granada), which comprises the Republics of Venezuela and Ecuador, under the general geographic works of Agustin Codazzi. Cartography by Manuel M. Paz, and explanatory text written by Dr. Felipe Perez Member of the Geographical Society of Paris. Maps are full color. Very rare example of the second atlas ever dedicated to Colombia. The first was Restrepo’s Atlas that came with his 10 volume Historia de la Revolucion de la Republica de Colombia (see our 5597.000 for the atlas volume). View Atlas

Ordnance Survey of Scotland: 131 Sheets, Scale 1 inch to a mile, 1898
Ordnance Survey of Scotland; Farquharson, JC., London, Southampton
The one-inch first edition of Scotland was based on larger scale surveys of 1843-1878. This set is the second edition, produced from first national revision of 1894-95. Edward Stanford assembled the 131 sheets into three bound volumes with title page, index, and extensive and beautiful coloring. Fair Isle was not revised, and thus sheet 123 was not issued in this edition, but is present, as a first edition sheet. A national revision of 1894-1895 was published in 1896-1898, as second edition, while a further revision of 1901-1910, published 1903-1912, was known as the 'Third Edition. This edition bound in 3 volumes, each with index map mounted inside front cover. Outline hand colored. The coloring has green for parks and estates, blue for inland water and coasts, red for buff roads and railways, and different pastel colors for county boundaries.  View Maps

Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. Geological Survey of Great Britain. Old Series, One-Inch Map with National Grid, England and Wales, 1899
Geological Survey of Great Britain and Ireland; Great Britain, Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton
This geological map series of England and Wales was published beginning in 1834 and is shown on the Ordnance Survey Old Series of One Inch to the Mile base maps (see our 6916.000). A total of 262 sheets were published through 1898: 52 full sheets, 2 half sheets, and 208 quarter sheets. Our current set has 215 sheets; we have put online the missing 47 sheets with images from the collection of the British Geological Survey, although we will be replacing those over time as we acquire the missing sheets. The geological coloring of these maps was done by hand painting well into the 20th century - at a time when most geological maps were produced by color lithography. The resulting color is rich and produces images of great scientific and artistic clarity. View Maps

Twenty-first Annual Report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior. 1899-1900. Charles D. Walcott, Director. In Seven Parts. Henry Gannett, Chief of Division. Washington. Government Printing Office. Part V - Forest Reserves, 1900
USGS (U.S. Geological Survey); Walcott, Charles D., Washington, D.C.
Maps show the extent of U.S. Forest Reserves at the end of the 19th century. Includes 711 xi pages, 39 maps. Accompanying Papers: Lewis and Clarke Forest Reserve, Montana, by H.B, Ayers, pages 27-80. Mount Rainier Forest Reserve, Washington, by Fred G. Plummer, pages 81-144. Olympic Forest Reserve, Washington, by Arthur Dodwell, pages 145-208. Cascade Range Forest Reserve, by John B. Leiberg, pages 209-498. Stanislaus and Lake Tahoe Forest Reserve, by George B. Sudworth, pages 499-562. Classification of Lands, by Henry Gannett and others, pages 563-602. Woodland of Indian Territory, by C.H. Fitch, pages 603-672. Timber Conditions of the Pine Region of Minnesota, by H.B.Ayers, pages 673-690.   View Report and Maps

Deutsche Seewarte. Atlantischer Ozean. Ein atlas von 39 karten, die physikalischen verhaltnisse und die verkehrs-strassen darstellend, mit einer erlauternden einleitung und als beilage zum segelhandbuch fur den Atlantischen Ozean. Zweite Auflage, 1902
Deutsche Seewarte, Hamburg
Second edition, 39 color maps and charts. The atlas is an analysis of the Atlantic Ocean, showing specific weight of sea water, ocean currents, water temperature at various depths and seasons, air temperature and pressure above the ocean, frequency of winds and storms by season. With vi, 9, pages of contents, forward by Dr. von Neumayer, Die Direktion der Deutschen Seewarte, and explanatory remarks to the individual maps.  View Maps

Ordnance Survey Revised Map of England, Wales, and Scotland on the Scale of Four Miles to the Inch, 1902
Ordnance Survey Office, Southampton
Two sets of maps together: England and Wales; Scotland; each with separate index maps for each area. First edition, outline edition, published 1900-1902. Several sheets extended to include small adjacent areas.  View Maps

Ordnance Survey Ireland Quarter-inch Series, 1904
Ireland. Ordnance Survey, Dublin
Published 1903-1904 on 16 sheets. 1st edition. Outline edition with blue coastal tint and main roads brown. This set has trimmed margins and each sheet is dissected into ten panels and mounted on linen by bookseller Edward Stanford. Presented folded with covers on back of each sheet. Crisp clean set, virtually unused. Shows individual buildings in rural areas but no relief.  View Maps

Department of the Interior, Canada. Honorable Frank Oliver, Minister, 1906. Atlas of Canada (with) Department of the Interior Canada. Honourable W.J.Roche, Minister 1915. Atlas Of Canada. Revised and enlarged edition.
White, James; Chalifour, J.E.; Canada. Department of Interior, Ottowa
The 1906 first edition and the 1915 second edition. The Atlas of Canada, first edition published by the Department of the Interior in 1906, was one of the world's first national atlases. A second edition similar in style and content was published in 1915, both editions, featuring thematic maps dealing with Canada's geology, communications, natural resources, population, economic activities, transportation, as well as maps of principal cities. During this period, a major part of Canada's growth was due to the great influx of immigrants into Canada, many of them coming to open up the farmlands of the Prairies. Consequently, the first two editions of the Atlas of Canada reflect a particular interest in transportation and communications and devote a significant amount of space to mapping the composition and density of the population. View Atlases

Baist's Real Estate Atlas of Surveys of Los Angeles, Cal. Complete in One Volume, 1921
Baist, G.W., Philadelphia
An extremely detailed atlas similar to the Sanborn insurance maps; updates pasted in and on versos of some original map plates (dates of updates not known). Full color key is explained in legends on plates. Baist first published the Los Angeles atlas in 1905 with 26 maps plus index; subsequent editions appeared in 1910 (34 maps plus index), 1914 (44 maps plus index), 1921 (this copy, 49 maps plus index) and 1923 (49 maps plus index). The period after World War I was a time of real estate expansion and development, hence the many updates in this 1921 edition. The 1921 edition is the first edition to include the five San Fernando Valley maps. View Atlas

Bartholomew's 4 Miles to the Inch Road Map of England & Wales in Twelve Sheets, 1921
John Bartholomew and Son, Edinburgh
Published 1918-1921 on 12 sheets. Has blue coastal tint and main roads red. Relief shown in hachures. Forests in green. Includes mileages, railways and stations, and county boundaries. Each map is folded (not dissected) into 32 panels and mounted on linen.   View Maps

Ordnance Survey of England and Wales. Popular Edition One-Inch Map, 1923
Ordnance Survey Office; Great Britain, Ordnance Survey, Southampton
Set of 146 sheets of which 144 sheets are flat on paper, 2 sheets (#145 and #146) mounted on linen and folded with covers. Legend on each sheet. Full color. Relief shown by contours. Comparing this set to our later "New Popular One-Inch Map with National Grid, England and Wales" of 1947 (see our 6917.000) one can see many changes both in the urban areas expanding and in the adoption by the Ordnance Survey of the National Grid. View Maps

Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. Quarter-inch to One Mile. Third Edition, 1924
Great Britain. Ordnance Survey, Southampton
Map sheets are undissected but mounted on linen and folded into 32 panels. The sheets in this set have publication dates of 1919-1921 and reprint dates (for some) of 1922-1924, see Note on each sheet. Superb condition. Full color. Relief shown in attractive hypsometric tinting; contour intervals differ above 1,000 feet elevation. Many cultural and natural features shown. Maps are noted as "Published by Colonel Sir Charles Close..."  View Maps

Atlas of the Historical Geography of the United States. By Charles O. Paullin, Carnegie Institution of Washington. Edited by John K. Wright, Librarian, American Geographical Society of New York, 1932
Paullin, Charles O.; Wright, John K., New York, Washington, D.C.
This is one of the best historical atlases published in the early 20th century. It combines history and geography, facsimile historical maps and new historical maps, and incorporates time and statistics in imaginative map visualizations. The text and maps are based upon information supplied by prominent authorities on the various subjects. The quality of the contents is also reflected by the authoritative map publishers. Numerous facsimile maps are included. All text pages are shown in one large composite image. View Atlas

California Highway Transportation Survey, 1934
California Division of Highways, Sacramento
A fascinating group of transportation maps showing traffic at the state, county, and city levels in the early 1930's in California. Primary report of 130 pages softbound but in rigid library binding. Appendix B in same format. Appendix B is Tabulation of Field Count by Cities and Counties. Atlas issued as Appendix A.  Base maps copyright by Rand McNally & Company under title Complete Map of California.   View Maps

Thomas Bros. Recreational and Statistical Atlas, California, 1938
Thomas Bros.; Thomas Brothers, Oakland
Title is from the cover. There is no title page. Date is estimated. 1st "road" atlas of California. According to Tom Lennon of Thomas Brothers Map Co. in Los Angeles, this atlas is rare; they have five copies of it in their L.A. office, and he has never seen any other copies. He thinks the original issue was very small. Bancroft has no copies, but does have a copy of Thomas Bros. Atlas of Western Cities and Towns (no date but library note says acquired in 1937) which duplicates some of this atlas's material (smaller S.F. map, larger color Pasadena map) and adds more on cities in adjoining western states. Lennon said this atlas was "a put together thing by George Thomas." He also said there was an Atlas of the San Francisco Bay Area by the company, produced for the World's Fair of 1936. Maps are printed with and without color. Bound with three illustrated promotional pamphlets advertising various scenic areas of California. Includes a large six sheet map of Los Angeles in full color.  View Atlas

Dated Events. On To Tokyo. Map of the Pacific and the Far East (with) Dated events, World War map, by Stanley Turner A.R.C.A., 1944 and 1942
Turner, Stanley; Petersen, C.C., Toronto
Two World War II maps by Stanley Turner. The map centered on Europe shows naval bases; cities blitzed by Nazis Luftwaffe; industries bombed by R.A.F; countries under British control; countries conquered by the Nazis; neutral countries. The map centered on the Pacific  has a note below title: "With this invasion map you will be able to follow the progress of the Allied armies on their way to smash Japan ..." Each map went through many editions as the war progressed. Both maps are from the collection of John Oram. View Maps

Preliminary Report on Harbors, Havens, and Anchorages of the Pacific Coast from San Francisco to the Straits of Juan de Fuca, 1946
Isaacs, John D.; Bascom, Berkeley
Initial issue October 31, 1946, revised December 31, 1946. Wave Project Laboratory Memorandum HE-116-225. Fluid Mechanics Laboratory. Navy Department Bureau of Ships, Contract N0bs2490. Photographs taken by Utility Squadron Two, Moffett Field, California. This report is prepared as a aerial photographic guide to the recognized and unimportant harbors, havens, and anchorages. The author personally negotiated every passable entrance in a small craft (with the exception of Bolinas and Mendocino Bay) and has sheltered in the havens. View Aerial Photos

Key System Transit Lines: Aerial System Maps (Alameda and Contra Costa Counties, California), 1947
Key System Transit Lines (Calif.); Sunderland, Clyde H., Oakland
Large volume of bound aerial photographs with colored tape showing the Key System train, tram, and bus routes. (Formerly) Restricted. Two index sheets and 62 enlargements of western Alameda and Contra Costa Counties. Black and white. View Atlas

Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. New Popular One-Inch Map with National Grid, England and Wales, 1947
Great Britain. Ordnance Survey, Southampton
Series published 1940-1947, but omitting the war years 1941-1944. Complete set of published 115 maps in New Popular Series. The discontinuous numbering system begins with Sheet No. 64. Bound in 4 large volumes in which each sheet has been mounted on linen. In addition to relief shown as contours, numerous physical and cultural features, the maps show in great detail the entire railroad system of England and Wales when it was most extensive. Added across the bottom of each digital image are three parts from the individual covers of a folded (dissected) version of another copy of the map set. The three added parts are the folded cover with a miniature of the area covered, an explanation of the national grid and other map features, and an index map showing the sheet location. View Atlas

Atlas of Oblique Maps, A Collection of Landform Portrayals of Selected Areas of the World, 1988
U.S. Geological Survey; Alpha, Tau Rho, Reston, Virginia
This folio comprises scale-accurate, obliquely viewed maps compiled from 1961-1986 that portray the physiography of selected areas of the ocean floor and continents around the world. These oblique views of landscapes draw upon the techniques of Armin K. Lobeck, Erwin J. Raisz, and Philip B. King. View Atlas

DPLA Announces Partnership with Rumsey Map Collection

The Digital Public Library of America (DPLA) is partnering with the David Rumsey Map Collection to provide online access to tens of thousands of significant historical maps and images. As part of the relationship, David Rumsey will provide metadata for over 38,000 maps and images, making the entirety of his notable online collection instantly accessible via the DPLA website and API­.

The Eagle Map of the United States. 1833. Joseph and James Churchman, Philadelphia. In: Rudiments of National Knowledge, Presented To The Youth Of The United States, And To Enquiring Foreigners, 1833.

A couple prominent examples of items from the Rumsey collections available through the DPLA are The Eagle Map of the United States, produced by Joseph and James Churchman, Philadelphia, 1833, (view on the DPLA), and the Map of Lewis and Clark’s Track, Across the Western Portion of North America, produced in 1814 (view on the DPLA). Other noteworthy items from Rumsey’s collections range from maps found in historic atlases to images of three-dimensional objects such as globes.

“I am very excited to have my digital library of historical maps added to the DPLA,” Rumsey said. “Maps tell stories that complement texts, images, and other resources found in the growing DPLA library. And the open content policies of my online library fit perfectly with DPLA’s mission to make cultural resources freely available to all. I see DPLA as reinvigorating the role of public libraries in educating children and adults in the digital age. I hope that my participation can serve as an example to others with private collections to share them with the public through the DPLA. Private collectors have always helped to build libraries and now they can do the same with digital cultural assets.”

“David Rumsey’s incredible collection of historical maps is one of the great private collections in the United States,” added DPLA Executive Director Dan Cohen. “What he has been able to assemble and make broadly available is simply astonishing. It is an honor to have these maps as part of the DPLA, and together to help others discover what their communities looked like in the past. We thank David for his generosity.”

Rumsey, President of Cartography Associates, a digital publishing company based in San Francisco, began building a collection of North and South American historical maps and related cartographic materials in 1980. His collection, with more than 150,000 maps, is one of the largest private map collections in the United States. In 1995, Rumsey began the task of making his collection public by building the online David Rumsey Historical Map Collection. Currently the online web site has over 38,000 high-resolution images of maps from his collection.

In 2009, Rumsey committed to donating his entire collection – both physical and digital – to Stanford University, which is currently creating an all-new Map Center to house it.

Rumsey’s online collection of maps is free to the public and is updated monthly. All of the online maps are searchable via the DPLA.

About the Digital Public Library of America

The Digital Public Library of America brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world. It strives to contain the full breadth of human expression, from the written word, to works of art and culture, to records of America’s heritage, to the efforts and data of science. The DPLA aims to expand this crucial realm of openly available materials, and make those riches more easily discovered and more widely usable and used. More information is online at http://dp.la.

About the David Rumsey Map Collection

The David Rumsey Map Collection was started over 25 years ago and contains more than 150,000 maps. The collection focuses on rare 18th and 19th century maps of North and South America, although it also has maps of the World, Asia, Africa, Europe, and Oceania. The collection includes atlases, wall maps, globes, school geographies, pocket maps, books of exploration, maritime charts, and a variety of cartographic materials including pocket, wall, children’s, and manuscript maps. Items range in date from about 1700 to 1950s.

February 11, 2013 - 2,745 New Maps Added

2,745 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 37,365 maps and related images. Highlights in this addition are Cruz Cano's large wall map of South America 1775, two miniature atlases from 1758 and 1762, maps by Aaron Arrowsmith, a large group of pocket maps, an important large wall map of Georgia 1818, three copies of Tanner's American Atlas 1823, 1824, 1833,  63 birds-eye views of the Austrian countryside around Vienna 1837, Emma Willard's Chronographer of American History 1845, an 1870 Union Pacific Railroad map game, the 26 sheet 1880 Map of Western Palestine (also in Google Earth), 1885 Map of Chinatown in San Francisco (also in Google Earth), six Panoramic Views of U.S. National Parks 1914-15, 72 years (1918-90) of official California State Highway System maps, and the 1966 Atlas of Czechoslovakia. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below.  Or click here to view all 2,745 new maps and images.

Mapa Geografico De America Meridional, 1775
Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, Juan de la; Ricarte, Hippolytus, Madrid
This is probably the most important map of South America made in the 18th century. When the eight sheets are joined together they make a huge and impressive wall map. The author, Juan de la Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, spent ten years collecting measurements and information compiled by explorers and colonists and incorporated these into the map along with valuable geographical and historical news, with some references to the sources used.  This is the second edition with all the sheets from the second edition (except sheet 8, the title sheet which is first edition in all copies). The first edition was somewhat incomplete, almost like a proof. Lavishly and beautifully embellished, the map emphasizes Spanish colonial power in South America. The map went through many editions with various political implications over a period of decades. The only other copy of this complete second edition is in the Biblioteca Nacional in Madrid. Two large inset maps: Puerto de Callao (Lima) and Sitio de Angostura (site of Angostura).  View  Map

Atlas Minimus, 1758; Atlas Geographicus Portatilis, 1762
Gibson, John; Bowen, Emanuel , London
Lotter, Tobias Conrad; Lobeck, Tobias, Augsburg
Two important miniature pocket atlases from the 18th century. The Gibson and Bowen Atlas Minimus went through another London edition in 1792 and a Philadelphia edition by Matthew Carey in 1798.  Lotter's Atlas Geographicus Portatilis consists entirely of double-page engraved plates and hand-colored maps. The maps are dense with information, given their small size.View both Miniature Atlases

The General Atlas For Carey's Edition Of Guthrie's Geography Improved ... 1795
Carey, Mathew, Philadelphia
This atlas accompanies Carey's Philadelphia edition of William Guthrie's Geography, a popular world geography published in several countries in the late 18th century. The maps are similar to those published in Carey's General Atlas of 1796 (see our copy). This atlas is the first world atlas published in America - however, the 1796 edition above is also considered the first because it was issued as a separate atlas, not tied to the Guthrie Geography; it went through several editions up to 1818.  View Atlas

Two Editions of Wilkinson's General Atlas of the World, 1806 and 1808, and the 1823 Edition of Wilkinson's Atlas Classica.
Wilkinson, Robert, London
Wilkinson's General Atlas maps were copied freely by American mapmakers of the period, especially the non-American maps. American map publishers such as  Lucas, Morse (S.E.), and Cummings & Hilliard (and Worcester) did this. Tooley says the last edition of Wilkinson's Genreal Atlas was 1809 (there appear to be no differences other than the title page between the 1808 and 1809 editions); Phillips has 1807; Moreland mentions 1816 as a re-issue - this also was probably used by the Americans.  Wilkinson's Atlas Classica  was also a source copied by American publishers for their classical atlases. The first Wilkinson Atlas Classica edition was 1797; this copy is a fairly late issue.  Relief shown in various styles of hachures and sketches. Includes six "Chrono-Geneological Charts." View Atlases

Colombia Prima or South America, In which it has been attempted to delineate the Extent of our Knowledge of that Continent Extracted Chiefly from the Original Manuscript Maps of His Excellency the late Chevalier Pinto Likewise from those of Joao Joaquin da Rocha, Joao da Costa Ferreira, El Padre Francisco Manuel Sobrevielo &c. And From the most Authentic Edited Accounts of Those Countries, 1807
Faden, William, 1750?-1836; Delarochette, Louis Stanislas d'Arcy, London
An enormous early 19th century map of South America, rivaled only by Arrowsmith's map of 1810/1814. Shows the various colonial possessions with great detail. Scale approximate; six different scales provided. A compilation based on many reputable sources, as itemized on Sheet 8. Index on cover uses the title,"South America from the Latest Spanish and Portuguese Surveys". Each of the 8 sheets are cut into rectangles and backed with sturdy white muslin. Relief shown in hachures. Limits of the dominions of the Spanish, Portuguese, French and Dutch highlighted in color. Multiple languages per dominions, and includes English. View Map

13 Maps and 1 Atlas by Aaron Arrowsmith, various dates, 1799 to 1822
Arrowsmith, Aaron,  London
Continuing our placing online the non-American maps of Aaron Arrowsmith (see our previous group of Arrowsmith maps here), we have added maps of Egypt, Ireland, Scotland, England and Wales (2 editions), Germany (2 editions), East India Islands, Greece, Asia Minor, and Southeast Asia.  Included also is a small five sheet atlas titled "Complete Neptune, to Illustrate, by Arrowsmith, The Progress of Maritime Discovery," which shows the progress of mapping the coast of Africa from Gibraltar south to the Cape of Good Hope.  Typical of Arrowsmith's fine cartography, the maps are extraordinarily detailed and up-to-date for their time. View Maps        View All Arrowsmith Maps

Oddy's New General Atlas Of The World Containing Maps of Empires, Kingdoms, States Principalities &c. Engraved and Carefully Selected from the latest and most Approved Authors by James Wallis. London. Published by S.A. Oddy, No. 20 Warwick Lane & Sold by Davies & Eldridge, Exeter, Thompson & Wrightson, Birmingham & T. Sutherland, Edinburgh. 1811
Oddy, S.A.; Wallis, James, London
Obscure atlas not in Phillips. Similar to Wilkinson, but different. Important for being the source of most of the non U.S. state maps published by Lucas in his New and Elegant General Atlas of 1815 (see our copy). Most of these maps were also used in the 1823 General Atlas by Lucas, although North America was done new as well as a few others. Maps are hand painted in full color. Prime meridian London. Relief shown by sketches. View Atlas

A Military and Topographical Atlas of the United States; including The British Possessions & Florida ... To Which Is Added, A List Of The Military Districts, A Register Of The Army, And A List Of The Navy Of The United States, 2 editions, 1813 and 1815.
Melish, John, Philadelphia
1st edition. and 2nd edition. The first edition was published during the war of 1812, and thus has the feeling of events unfolding with an uncertain outcome. The second edition was published in 1815 after the conclusion of the war, and has different text, and is more of a history. Henry Tanner engraved the five large maps that Melish drew, and J. Vallance engraved the three small maps. We believe this is the first book Melish published with the idea that it was an "Atlas."   View Atlases

372 Pocket Maps and Related Images, Various Dates, 1813 - 1969.
Various Authors and various Publishers.
A wide ranging group of Pocket Maps from the 19th and 20th centuries.  View Maps

Comparative View of the Heights of the Principal Mountains &c. in the World, 1816
Smith, C., London
Third edition. A colorful rendering of comparative mountain heights worldwide, although separated into the Western and Eastern Hemispheres. Other aspects of the illustration (with the exception of showing volcanoes) appear to be fanciful. Substantially more taller mountains than an earlier edition (although the same date). The peaks are listed, each with a unique number which can be matched up with the numbers at the top and bottom of the illustration. By making a line between the numbers, the corresponding peak is intersected.  View Map

Comparative View of the Lengths of the Principal Rivers in the World, 1817
Smith, C., London
This is a companion map to the Heights of Mountains map also by Smith. The rivers have been necessarily straightened to indicate the lengths of the rivers. The compass orientation of the flowing stream is indicated by small north-pointing arrows periodically drawn adjacent to the stream. Includes table of the Length of Rivers in British Miles. A textual description of the rivers accompanies the illustration; it describes the course of the Missouri River, "recently explored by the Americans" (Lewis and Clark), as being "extremely devious." Beautiful color. View Map

Map Of The State of Georgia Prepared from actual Surveys and other Documents for Eleazer Early By Daniel Sturges, 1818
Early, Eleazer; Sturges, Daniel, Savannah
This is the first large scale map of Georgia and it ranks in importance with the other large Southern State and Territory maps of the period. It was undoubtedly the most accurate Georgia map when published, It has a lovely cartouche vignette, a table of distances, a statistical table, and "Remarks, Statistical and Geological." Streeter: "All in all an important and elaborate map of Georgia in the first part of the nineteenth century."   View Map

A New American Atlas Containing Maps Of The Several States of the North American Union, Projected and drawn on a Uniform Scale from Documents found in the public Offices of the United States and State Governments, and other Original and Authentic Information - Three Editions, 1823, 1824, 1833
Tanner, Henry, Philadelphia
Three editions of this important atlas, each with different or similar issues of the maps. After the first edition of this atlas, it is clear from looking at these and later issues that Tanner simply used maps that were available in his stock, regardless of whether they were the more recently updated copies. Nonetheless, the atlases represent an extraordinarily detailed and accurate look at the political and industrial development of the United States at the time.  View Atlases

View All Six Editions of the American Atlas.

A Group of 58 Guide Books from 1819 to 1934
Various Authors, Various Places
Includes city guides, state guides, national railroad guides, a guide to Chicago including a "history of the Great Fire," Langley's Street Guide to San Francisco with all the street listing pages, Boardman's White Mountain Guide, Guides to Canals and Railroads, Norman's Guide to New Orleans, Disturnell's Hudson River Guide, and others. Many of the guides contain interesting illustrations, views, and advertisements.    View Guides

Karte der Schweiz, von Dr. I. Woerl. Lithographie von B. Herder in Freiburg im Breisgau, 1835
Woerl, Joseph Edmund; Herder, Bartholomew, Freiburg im Breisgau
This little-known map of Switzerland by Joseph Edmund Woerl is an important record of the Swiss road network in the early 19th century. It is also an outstanding example of early lithographic map printing. Woerl seems to have pioneered a method of using color lithography to show roads and important places and towns - he used a red lithographic stone for a second overlay printing. Espenhorst speculates that Woerl may have used a unique combination of lithography and engraving to produce these maps. View Maps

Hand Atlas Uber Alle Theile Der Erde nach dem neuesten Zustande Und Uber Das Weltgebaude, 1837
Stieler, Adolf, Gotha
Date estimated. 29 maps as issued thus a smaller version; 50 was the standard issue. Maps dated 1828-37. The atlas was originally issued in parts in 1816-23, totaling 50 maps. In 1832 a 63 map edition was advertised to be issued in 6 parts. See P6039 for further details. The Stieler Hand Atlas was often issued with different numbers of maps, tailored to fit the customer's specific needs. View Atlas

Nach Angabe und auf Kosten des Verfassers der Darstellung des Erzharzofthums Osterreich unter der Ens. (The depiction of the Archduchy Austria below the Enns), 1837
Schweickhardt, Franz Xaver, Vienna
An extraordinary group of 63 birds-eye views of the Austrian countryside that all fit together into one very large image (we also have the composite image of all 63 joined).  Schweickhardt intended to make 160 views but was unable to finish the project due to financial difficulties.The views show the cultural landscape of the period in great detail, with settlements, buildings, roads, trees, and other features. View Atlas   View in Google Earth

Willard's Chronographer of American History, 1845
Willard, Emma, New York
Willard uses the Historic Tree as a visualization of important events in American history. A smaller version of this diagram appears in one of her text books. Willard sums up her goal with this chart: "The eye is the only medium of permanent impression. The essential point in a date, is to know the relative place of an event, or how it stands in time, compared with other important events."    View Map

Topographical & Geological Map Of The Property Belonging To The Brady's Bend Iron Co. Located In Armstrong County Pa., 1850
Franks, Theo.; Brady's Bend Iron Co., Pittsburgh
This remarkable large map shows in great detail the works of the Brandy's Bend Iron Co. on the Allegheny River northeast of Pittsburgh. The scale is large and the map is subtly colored. All the buildings, tracks, roads and Collieries are delineated. There is a "Geological Section from Notes by Prof. Shepherd" showing the land on which the Iron Company is built. Two vignettes show the imposing buildings. Why this map was made is not clear, certainly not for general consumption, but perhaps for investors or others specifically interested in the Companies facilities. The date is estimated. Scale 300 feet to an inch.  View Map

Atlas Of Physical Geography, Illustrating, In A Series Of Original Designs, The Elementary Facts Of Geology, Hydrology, Meteorology, And Natural History, 1852
Johnston, A. Keith, Edinburgh, London
Smaller edition of the Johnston's large physical atlas of 1856 (first issued in 1848).  The thematic maps are simplified and in that process become very interesting in themselves. Printed in full color. Relief shown by hachures.    View Atlas

Department of Oregon. Map of the State of Oregon and Washington Territory, 1859
U.S. War Department, Topographical Engineers, Washington, D.C.
Wheat: "Map shows Washington Territory curving around the state of Oregon and taking in all of Idaho, although a political border is not shown. A number of "authorities" are stated in a note, and except for the unexplored portions this seems to be about the best map of Oregon, Washington and Idaho country that could have been made prior to the Civil War. It is an excellent map." This map was part of a series of maps by the U.S. Topographical Engineers - see Wheat 960 "Map of Utah Territory" 1858 and Wheat 967 "Territory and Military Department of New Mexico 1859." View Map

Illustrirter Handatlas fur Freunde der Erdkunde und Zum Gebrauch Beim Unterricht im verein mit Heinrich Leutemann Herausgegeben von Ehrenfried Leeder und Theodor Schade, 1863
Brockhaus, F.A.; Leeder, Ehrenfried; Leutemann, Heinrich, Leipzig.
Lavishly illustrated around margins of maps with high quality vignettes of animals, structures and people. Espenhorst: "The atlas had 22 maps, drawn under the direction of Ehrenfried Leeder (1820-1884), as well as illustrations produced by Heinrich Leutemann (1824-1905), who had been working for Brockhaus since 1837. The 32 unnumbered pages of accompanying text were prepared under the direction of Theodor Schade (1820-1882)...Leutemann produced over 200 steel-engraved illustrations, most of which were used as frames around the maps...Thus each sheet had a colored map in its center, surrounded by appropriate scenes illustrating the land and its people, the animals and plants to be found there as well as the buildings and scenery which could be seen...these atlases are so sought after today that a reprint of the 1863 edition was produced in 2005." View Atlas

Carta corografica del Estado de Panama, 1865
Columbia. Comision Corografica; Ponce de Leon, Manuel, Paris, Bogota
One of the earliest printed maps of Panama based upon indigenous surveys. Published during the period when it was still one of the states of Colombia. This map was part of the mapping of Colombia undertaken by Ponce de Leon, Maria Paz, and Codazzi. With Codazzi's death, Maria Paz and Manuel Ponce de Leon were given control of the project's completion and publication of the surveying and mapping work.  View Map

Detailed Maps Of The North West Boundary From Points Roberts To The Rocky Mountains Between The United States And The British Possessions, 1866
U.S. North West Boundary Survey; Campbell, Archibald, New York
7 very large and detailed maps of the boundary. The maps are undated and not listed specifically in any sources we can locate. These maps are unusual in appearance because of the photo-lithographic enlargement - a great deal of detail is apparent. When put together the seven sheets are about forty feet long - we have made a composite.            View Maps

United States Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel. Clarence King. Geologist in Charge. Atlas Accompanying Volume III on Mining Industry, 1870
King, Clarence, Washington, D.C.
Early geological mapping of the Comstock Lode - a later and more detailed rendering of the Comstock Lode appears in Becker's subsequent 1882 U.S. Geological Survey Atlas of the Geology of the Comstock Lode. By that time Clarence King was Director of the U.S.G.S. Excellent  overview map showing the locations of mines along the route of King's 40th Parallel survey.  View Atlas

The Voyage from New York to San Francisco upon the Union Pacific Railroad. El Viage De Nueva York A San Francisco Sobre el ferro-carril pacifico de los estados unidos. Reise von New-York nach San Francisco auf der Union-Pacific Bahn. Il viaggio di Nuova York a San Francisco sulla strada ferrata pacifica degli stati uniti. De reis van New-York na San-francisco op de Pacific-ijzerbaan van de vereenigte Staaten. Le voyage de New-york a San Francisco sur le chemin de fer pacific des etats unis, 1870
Union Pacific Railroad Game, No Place of Publication
Date and author estimated, not indicated in the printed materials. An unusual board game based on the "new Union Pacific Railroad." The game board shows forty five beautifully executed views of places along the Union Pacific route, starting with "Rail road depot in New York" and ending in "San Francisco, the metropolis of California." Along the way, we have, among others, views of Pittsburgh, Omaha, "surprise by savage Indians," "wild heard of buffalloes," "railroad bridge over the Platte river," Cheyenne, Green River, Humboldt Valley, "Trukee" Valley, Sierra Nevada and Sacramento. The text is titled "Trip from New-York to San Francisco by the Union Pacific Rail Road. A new illustrated Travel-game with 45 stations, 1 dy, 12 cars and 12 numbers charts." The text is written in German and English and explains the game and the views. The cover of the game box (19x24) has a lovely colored litho view of two women joining hands across the American Continent, one representing America and the other Asia. Not in any of the standard game references - rare. View Game

Carte drolatique d'Europe pour 1870
Hadol, Paul, 1835-1875, Paris
Each country is represented by human and animal form of a cartoon character that reflects the personality of each country at the onset of the Franco-Prussian war of 1870. Russia, embracing all the German states, expands in every direction with one hand placed firmly on Holland and Belgium. With one knee she crushes Austria. The map is attributed to Paul Hadol, a French caricaturist of the Napoleonic Third Empire.  View Map

Hand Atlas Uber Alle Theile Der Erde Und Uber Das Weltgebaude. Erste Auscabe 1817 Jubel Auscabe 1867, 1873
Stieler, Adolf, Gotha
Date estimated. A composite atlas with title page, no index. A strange collection in original binding, indicating it was made up for a customer who seemed to want several maps of the same area, but with different publication dates. Maps are dated from early 1860's to 1873. According to the title page, 1817 was the first edition of Stieler's Atlas; Title page is dated 1867. Some of the multi-sheet map sets are incomplete, as in the United States with three sheets of six. View Atlas

Reports upon the Survey of the Boundary Between the Territory of the United States and the Possessions of Great Britain from the Lake of the Woods to the Summit of the Rocky Mountains, 1878
U.S. Northern Boundary Commission; Campbell, Archibald; Twining, W.J., Washington
Surveys from Lake of the Woods to Rocky Mts. A separate atlas of 24 maps was published to accompany this report. See also the 1866 U.S. North West Boundary maps for the survey from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific.       View Report

The Statistical Atlas of England, Scotland and Ireland, 1882
Bevan, G. Phillips, Edinburgh, London
This atlas is interesting for its visualization of statistical data of various kinds, using maps of England, Scotland, and Ireland to place data regarding crime, agriculture, education, mining, religion, and more. However the maps themselves are somewhat unimaginative in showing the data: basically, the data is placed on the maps in different colors and symbols, in a manner that conveys the spatial aspects of the information but does not go much further. Francis Walker's Statistical Atlas of the U.S. Census published in 1874 is far more path breaking in its visualizations and it is odd that Bevan seems to be unaware of it, eight years later.  View Atlas

Map of Western Palestine in 26 Sheets from surveys conducted for the Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund by Lieutenants C.R. Conder and H.H. Kitchener, R.E. During the Years 1872 - 1877. [Bound with 4 other maps of Palestine], 1880
Conder, C.R. (Claude Reignier); Kitchener, H.R. (Horatio Herbert), London
Kitchener's Palestine survey was important because it was so accurate that it is still consulted today as a reliable record of late 19th century Palestine by archaeologists and geographers.  This copy is special: it is likely the 3rd issue of the 26 sheet map and was printed by Edward Stanford instead of the Ordnance Survey which produced the first two issues earlier in 1880 and, bound with this copy are four additional maps of Palestine made by Stanford and based on the 26 sheet survey (two of the additional maps are dated 1881 and 1882 respectively, indicating that this bound volume was issued in 1882). View Atlas   View 26 Sheet Palestine Map in Google Earth

Official Map of Chinatown in San Francisco. Prepared under the supervision of the Special Committee of the Board of Supervisors, July, 1885
Farwell, Willard B.; Kunkler, John E.; Pond, E.B., San Francisco
First edition, first issue. Large folding map on two sheets, joined. Printed in colors. In 1885, at the height of the anti-Chinese hysteria in California, the official Report of the Special Committee of the Board of Supervisors was issued, reporting on the "Condition of the Chinese Quarter and the Chinese in San Francisco." This inflammatory report included the rare folding color map of Chinatown, but in the usual "small-scale" version (approx. 8½x19½ inches). The same small map was also issued in the San Francisco Municipal Report of 1884-85, and in Farwell's The Chinese at Home and Abroad.. However, the first issue of this map was printed in a supersized version by San Francisco's first "fine press printer," Edward Bosqui, and this is our copy shown here. It was most likely printed for the use of key city officials. The map shows San Francisco's Chinatown, bordered by California, Stockton, Broadway, and Kearney Streets. It is color-coded to show every business, gambling parlor, houses of white and Chinese prostitution, opium "Resorts," joss houses, etc. It was printed on a scale of 40 feet to the inch. The differences in this large-scale copy and the smaller version are the list of Supervisors imprinted thereon, different type fonts for streets, etc, one mistakenly identified house of white prostitution (corrected in the smaller version as a house of Chinese prostitution), and the Bosqui imprint. This large-scale version is exceedingly rare. Only a handful of copies are known, most in institutional libraries.   View Map             View Map in Google Earth

B.F. Steven's Facsimile of the Unpublished British Head Quarters Coloured Manuscript map of New York & Environs, 1782, Reproduced from the original drawing in the War Office, London. Issued only to subscribers at 4, Trafalgar Square, W.C., London. 1782
Great Britain. War Office; Stevens, Benjamin Franklin , London
From the printed advertisement for the map: "BF STEVENS'S Facsimile of the Unpublished British Headquarters Coloured Manuscript Map of New York and Environs 1782. Reproduced from the Original Drawing in the War Office London. 24 sheets Scale 6 1/2 inches to a mile. 10 feet by 4 feet. The successive British Commanders in Chief in America Generals Sir William Howe, Sir Henry Clinton, and Sir Guy Carleton during their respective occupations of New York and Environs in the Revolution caused this manuscript plan from time to time to be kept up. The plan extends from below Guanas Bay to the Heights of Spikendevil, a distance of about eighteen or nineteen miles. It shows the Fortifications, Defenses, Topography, Streets, Roads, etc. of the whole of the Island of New York with the Harbor Islands, Water Ways, and River Frontages on the Hudson and East Rivers, the Military Works on Long Island including Brooklyn, the Works in Paulus Hook and parts of the Jersey Shore. It has a copious Table of References to various works British and American, some of them with notes as to the time of their construction or destruction. The Original Drawing, ten feet by four feet, is on a scale of about six and a half inches to a mile. It is handsomely reproduced for subscribers only in careful facsimile on 24 sheets which can be joined up and mounted like the original as a Wall Map or mounted on linen if desired."  View Map

Andrees Allgemeiner Handatlas in 139 Haupt- und 161 Nebenkarten nebst vollstandigem alphabetischem Namenverzeichnis. Funfte, vollig neubearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage. Jubilaumsausgabe. Herausgegeben von A. Scobel. Bielefeld Und Leipzig, Verlag Von Velhagen & Klasing, 1906.
Andree, Richard; Scobel, Albert, Leipzig
Andre's atlas is know for fine engraving and extraordinary detail. He produced the early versions of the Times Atlas until Bartholomew took over in 1922.  View Atlas

The Victoria Regina Atlas, Political, Physical & Astronomical. Containing Two Hundred Plates and Complete Index. Second Edition. W. & A.K. Johnston, Ltd. Established 1825. Edinburgh & London. 1906.
W. & A.K. Johnston Limited, Edinburgh, London
This atlas is small format but dense with information. Many of the maps are part of larger composites, which we have assembled as such.  The regional and city maps are very well done.  View Atlas

Map of Alaska By the Alaska Road Commission. 1909
United States. Alaska Road Commission, Washington D.C.
The map is a huge production, much larger than any other general map of Alaska published in this time period. The Board of Road Commissioners for Alaska, more commonly known as the Alaska Road Commission or ARC, was created in 1905 as a board of the U.S. War Department. It produced this map which shows roads, trails, railroads, telegraph lines, etc. Relief shown by contours. contour interval 1000 feet. At 5ft by 6ft, few maps of this period have as much detail and information. View Map

Six Panoramic Views of United States National Parks, 1914 - 1915
USGS (U.S. Geological Survey); John H. Renshawe , Washington D.C.
Shaded relief without contours. Full color artistic rendering of the parks which is very effective and unusual. Part of a series for the national parks.  View Maps

Official California State Highway System Maps From 1918 - 1990
California Department of Transportation (CALTRANS), Sacramento
A reversed chronological assembly (broken run) of 45 official California highway maps bound together with a custom cover. Begins in 1990 and goes back to 1918. Shows the development of the highway system over time. Color. Information included varies by date but includes regional enlargements, illustrations, descriptive text, route descriptions, and construction and funding status. Atlas obtained from the Institute of Transportation Studies Library (Harmer E. Davis Transportation Library) at the University of California, Berkeley  View Maps

California, 1945
Mora, Jo, Monterey
Jo Mora has created a delightful and beautiful map of California that is both personal and humorous. Pictorial map with vignettes and text. Mission pictures. Full color. View Map

Physiographic Diagram, Atlantic Ocean (Sheet 1), 1957
Heezen, Bruce C.; Tharp, Marie
An early bathymetric chart of the Atlantic by Heezen and Tharp. View Map

Alaska: Far North Frontier, 1959
Klengston Rude, Studio City, California.
Color pictorial map of Alaska, published the year Alaska officially became the 49th state of the United States of America. Showing rivers, straits, sounds, towns, mountain ranges (drawn in aerial perspective), glaciers (shaded white), and existing and proposed highways. The map is richly illustrated with naturalistic depictions of wildlife, agricultural products, historical landmarks, oil fields and fisheries. Along the left and right sides, six circular illustrations highlight important events in Alaskan history. View Map

The New Portrait of our Planet. Life, 1960
Time Inc., New York.
A Life magazine publication. Hemispheric projection. A striking illustration of the geological and bathymetric theories at the time.  View Map

Six Airline Route Maps, 1960 - 1967
Various Authors, Various Places of Publication..
A group of six large, early airline route maps. Maps have shaded relief. They include illustrations and descriptions of aircraft, sights, cities, landscapes, geology, and aerial views. View Maps

The Floor of the World Ocean, 1961
Harrison, Richard Edes
Modified Briesmeister Elliptical Equal-Area Projection. Map Supplement Number Two, Annals of the Association of American Geographers, Volume 51, No.3, September 1961. From the map note: "This map is a visual interpretation of the latest available bathymetric data. In the view of our incomplete knowledge, the drawing incorporates a number of surmises - especially in the inadequately surveyed portions of the Indian and Pacific Oceans."  View Map

Eleven California Freeway and Expressway Maps, 1962 - 1975
California Department of Transportation, Division of Highways, Sacramento.
These maps show the development of the freeway and interstate highways in California over a period of 13 years, from 1962 to 1975 when the system grew exponentially. The maps include regional enlargements of San Francisco Bay Area, Sacramento, San Diego, and Los Angeles. Maps obtained from the Institute of Transportation Studies Library (Harmer E. Davis Transportation Library) at the University of California, Berkeley. View Maps

California Water Resources Development, including Development of the Bureau of Reclamation, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Major Features of the California Water Plan together with Various Projects of Districts and Municipalities, 1963
Irrigation Districts Association of California, San Francisco
Oblique view with shaded relief. Text description of water development features. Reflects the expansive dam building attitudes of the period. View Map

Atlas Ceskoslovenske Socialisticke Republiky. (Atlas of the Czechoslovakian Socialist Republic), 1966
Götz, Antonín; Československá akademie věd.; Czechoslovakia. Ústřední správa geodézie a kartografie
A stunning atlas produced in the former Czechoslovakia, showing a great deal of thematic data in excellent cartographic design. In Russian, Czech, and English. View Atlas

Atlas of Volcanic Phenomena, 1971
U.S. Geological Survey, Washington, D.C.
Colorful set of 20 posters of volcanic phenomena. "Original material compiled for use by the Smithsonian Institution."   View Atlas

Climatic Atlas of North and Central America. Atlas climatico de America del Norte y America Central. Altas climatique de l'Amerique de Nord et de l'Amerique Centrale. I. Maps of mean temperatures and precipitation ... 1979
World Meteorological Organization (WMO), Hungary
Maps show air temperatures by month and by year. Compiled based on international standards. Color. Isohyetal maps. View Atlas

  • News
  • November 1, 2012

PBS NewsHour Story links Apple, Google, and Historical Maps

The October 31, 2012 edition of the PBS NewsHour had a story by Spencer Michels on the competition between Apple and Google map services, and it included an interview with David Rumsey on the "cartographic continuum" between old paper maps and new digital maps.

Here is the story on Apple vs Google maps with excerpts from the Rumsey interview:

And the full interview with David Rumsey from  the NewsHour website:

September 23, 2012 - 2,174 New Maps Added

2,174 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 34,595 maps and images. Highlights in this addition are Arrowsmith's Large Maps of Europe, Africa and Asia, 1796 - 1818, Pardies'  Star and Constellation Maps of the Heavens, 1693, the five volume 1764 Petit Atlas Maritime by Bellin, Pownall's 1776 Topographical Description, a huge 1845 manuscript map of the New York and New Haven Railroad, a group of Pocket and Guide Maps from 1822 to 1936,  11 U.S. County Atlases from 1865 to 1908, the manuscript Log Of H.M.S. "Swiftsure" from 1884, and 136 Wall Maps from the University of California Geography Department. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below.  Or click here to view all 2,174 new maps and images.

Large Maps of Europe, Africa and Asia, 1796 - 1818
Arrowsmith, Aaron, London
At the beginning of the 19th century, one of the finest map makers was Aaron Arrowsmith of London. His cartographic output numbered over 200 maps and several atlases. His individual maps were often made up of several large sheets, giving them a scale and scope not seen in the productions of his peers. We have collected his American large maps for years and recently added a group of European, African, and Asian maps to the collection. Arrowsmith mapped only what was known, rarely speculating or showing questionable information. His signature was large blank areas on his maps where there was no reliable information, as in his Map of Africa, 1802. He also relentlessly updated his maps as new discoveries were made. View Arrowsmith Large Maps of Europe, Africa and Asia.   View All Arrowsmith Large Maps.  View Arrowsmith Family Atlases.

Star and Constellation Maps of the Heavens, 1693
Pardies, Ignace Gaston, Paris
Ignace Gaston Pardies created a series of six beautiful star and constellation maps in the late 17th century. All six map plates join together to make a unified view of the Heavens as seen from the Earth. Pardies drew the maps on the gnomonic projection which visualized the universe as a six-sided cube instead of a globe. This method allows for accurate measurement by straight lines between any point on the map. In order to assist users in visualizing various aspects of these star maps, we have georeferenced the maps in GIS and then joined them together, first as a cube, then as a globe, then in other projections, and in Google Earth - see our blog post on Pardies.  View Star Maps

Le Petit Atlas Maritime Recueil De Cartes et Plans Des Quatre Parties Du Monde, 1764
Bellin, Jacques Nicolas, Paris
The Petit Atlas Maritime is probably the best compilation of charts and plans of  maritime towns and harbors in the mid 18th century, with coverage of North and South America, Europe, Africa, and Asia. Its 582 maps in five volumes give a rare and comprehensive view of the maritime world with its coasts, cities, ports, islands, and estuaries. The Petit Atlas Maritime was Bellin's largest and most comprehensive work. The quality of the engraving is superb, and the accuracy of the information shown is excellent, based on all the reports, charts, letters, maps and other narratives that Bellin had access to as the chief chart maker for the French Depot de la Marine in Paris.  View Atlas

A Topographical Description of Such Parts of North America as are Contained in the (Annexed) Map of the Middle British Colonies, 1776
Pownall, Thomas; Evans, Lewis, London
This work contains an updated version of Lewis Evans' important 1755 "Map of the Middle British Colonies in North America," using the original plate engraved by James Turner with revisions and adding an eastern extension to cover New England; and Pownall's "Topographical Description" which describes the areas contained in the updated map; and six important appendices of writings by explorers in the region plus parts of Evans' original essay on his 1755 edition of the map. This copy of the Pownall belonged to Thomas Streeter (Streeter 826) and includes a rare 8 page prospectus for publishing the work that was printed in November, 1775. Henry Stevens ties Pownall's work directly to Evans, saying it "may be described as a new and much enlarged edition of both Evans' Map and his Analysis of 1755." Evans is considered "America's greatest eighteenth century cartographer" by Schwartz and Ehrenberg, and Pownall was hugely accomplished in pre-Revolutionary America, serving as Governor General of Massachusetts and traveling widely in the colonies in various roles in the British colonial administration. Pownall's map is considered the best updated edition of the Evans 1755 map, compared to the many later copies of Evans that were issued by Jefferys, Sayer, and others. In the prospectus, Pownall criticizes Jefferys' copy of Evans saying it "might as well be a map of the face of the moon."   View Map and Text

Outlines Of The World. By A. Arrowsmith, Hydrographer to His Majesty. London; Published Jany 4th 1825, by A. & S. Arrowsmith, No. 10, Soho Square, 1825
Arrowsmith, Aaron Jr. , London
Arron Arrowsmith senior died in 1823. This atlas was published in 1825 and dedicated to him by his son, Aaron Arrowsmith, Jr. The title page includes the only know portrait of the elder Arrowsmith. The maps are excellent, and are probably the best atlas format maps issued by the Arrowsmith family until the London Atlas of 1838 and 1844 by John Arrowsmith, the nephew of Aaron senior. It is interesting to compare these maps to the large scale maps that Arrowsmith published as wall maps and in composite atlases - many of them appear to be derived from the larger versions.  View Atlas

A Chorographical Map Of The Province Of New-York In North America, Divided into Counties, Manors, Patents and Townships, Exhibiting likewise all the private Grants of Land made and located in that Province; Compiled from Actual Surveys deposited in the Patent Office at New York, 1779
Sauthier, Claude Joseph; Faden, William, London
Four southern sheets of the six sheet map. Lacks the two northern sheets and the remaining four sheets are trimmed a few inches on the east and west sides - the owner was not interested in Vermont or Lake Erie! (see our reduced size issue of the complete map, also 1776). Otherwise, this is a superb copy of this extraordinary and rare map - the last and best of the large scale surveys of the American Colonies before the Revolution. Endless interesting detail.   View Map

Map Exhibiting The Experimental and Located Lines for the New-York and New-Haven Rail-Road ... Projected and Drawn by P. Anderson Civil Engr., 1845
Anderson, P., Manuscript
This is probably the pre-publication manuscript drawing for the final printed version of this map that was issued in the same year - see our copy of the printed map. It is twice the size and scale of the final printed version, and is beautifully hand drawn and colored. It is amazing that a map this large has survived outside of an institutional library for so long. Apparently it was kept in a family for several generations.  It shows the surveyed routes of the New York and New Haven Railroad from New Haven to New York City The line was opened in 1849. The map is unique for a railroad map in its huge size, large scale, elegance of drawing, and variety of information shown (houses, trails, rivers, turnpikes, lighthouses, harbors, hills, swamps, etc.).  View Manuscript Map   View Manuscript and Printed Map

147 Maps and Images from Pocket Maps and Guides, 1822 - 1936
Various Authors, Various Places
Continuing our digitizing of Pocket Maps and Guides, this group of maps covers a wide range of places, time periods and styles. Included is Eddy's 1839 Map of the Country 30 Miles round the City of New York (pictured left), an early Railroad Map of the United States from 1860, a strip Map of the Hudson River, 1848, an early oil region map - Map of the Oil District of Pennsylvania, 1865, mineral deposits shown on Holt's California and Newvada Map 1873, a detailed map of Mount Desert Island and coastal Maine, 1890. a Radio Map of the United States 1925, and a stunning 20th century Bird's Eye View of California from 1936.   View All Pocket Maps and Guides

A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World. With a special map of each of the United States, Plans of Cities &c. Comprehended in seventy sheets and forming a series of One Hundred And Seventeen Maps, Plans And Sections ..., 1849
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus, Philadelphia
Continuing our plan to have every issue of Mitchell's New Universal Atlas from 1846 to 1859 online, this copy is the 1849 issue. The Oregon and Upper California map is enlarged to include all of New Mexico and New Mexico is added to the title. This is the last edition published by Mitchell, all later editions published by Thomas, Cowperthwait and Co. and Charles Desilver. View Atlas

View All Online Mitchell Universal Atlases - 1846, 1848, 1849, 1853, 1855, 1859

An Atlas of the World, Comprehending Separate Maps of its various Countries, Constructed & drawn from the latest Astronomical & Geographical Observations, 1864
Wyld, James, London.
A late edition of this atlas, published as early as 1836, and a successor to his father's (James Wyld, 1790-1836) 1824 General Atlas (see our copy). Several new maps of Australia and South Africa are added and the other maps have been updated to show railroad development. The American maps have been updated, but inadequately so in the West - the River Buenaventura is still flowing out of Salt Lake on the Mexico Map!  View Atlas

Map Of The Region Adjacent To The Bay Of San Francisco. State Geological Survey Of California, J.D. Whitney, State Geologist. The Coast, Rancho, Township and Section Lines from Materials furnished by the U.S. Coast Survey and the U.S. Surveyor General's Office, the Topography chiefly from Original Surveys by C.F. Hoffman, 1867
Hoffmann, Charles F.; Whitney, J.D.; Geological Survey of California, New York
This map is one of the earliest large scale maps of the entire San Francisco Bay area, made by the surveyors of the Geological Survey of California, under the direction of J.D. Whitney. It is the first edition of this map, and is interesting to compare to our second edition of 1873 to see changes in the rapidly growing settlements, roads, boundaries and newly documented features of the landscape.  Both editions were printed in New York City by the expert lithographic printer Julius Bien. This first edition copy was mounted as a wall map. It was used in c. 1887 court case for which a "Lewis Survey" of part of Las Positas Rancho was outlined in red (this is present on the map but faint in lettering and outline). View Map

11 U.S. County Atlases, 1865 - 1908
Various Authors, Various Places
Continuing our scanning of representative U.S. County Atlases from the 19th century, this group of 11 includes St. Lawrence County-New York, Saratoga County-New York, Strafford County-New Hampshire, Ogle County-Illinois, Portage County-Ohio, Beaver County-Pennsylvania, Warren County-Pennsylvania, Winnebago and Boone Counties-Illinois, Marion and Monongalia Counties-West Virginia, Gibson County-Indiana, and Rush County-Indiana. These atlases have county and city maps, views of towns, farms, and industries, portraits and biographies of county leaders, and historical entries.  View All County Atlases

Centennial Map Of The United States and Territories Showing the Extent of Public Surveys, Indian and Military Reservations...& Other Details, 1878
U.S. General Land Office, Washington
16 sheets plus index sheet. 2nd ed.(1876 1st ed). At head of title: 1876. Not listed in Wheat or most other references. Related to the Centennial Atlas of the United States published in 1876, although those maps were on a somewhat larger scale (1"=12 to 20 miles, vs 1"=20 miles for this). When joined, these sheets would make a map 8 feet tall by 12 feet wide.   View Map

Joint Maps Of The Northern Boundary Of The United States, From The Lake Of The Woods To The Summit Of The Rocky Mountains, 1878
U.S. Northern Boundary Commission; Campbell, A., Washington
To accompany Campbell's Report on the Boundary. Originally issued in unbound folio. the boundary between the United States and Canada was set by the Oregon Treaty of 1846 but the surveying of the boundary was interrupted by the Civil War and not completed until 1875. These maps are highly detailed and show many cultural features along the boundary. The lithographic work is excellent. View Maps

Log Of H.M.S. "Swiftsure" Bearing the (flag of) Rear Admiral H.M.L. Lyons commanded by Captain C. Mainwaring. C.F. Henderson, 1884
Mainwaring, C.; Henderson, C.F., Manuscript
This is a manuscript ship's log that begins to record a journey midway from Honolulu to Esquimalt in British Columbia, then down the west coast of the United States and the west coast of South America, around Cape Horn, and back to England. It begins in July, 1884 and ends in November, 1885. 16 beautifully drawn charts record the track of the steam and sail powered ship, showing stops in San Francisco, Mazatlan, San Blas, Valparaiso and Rio de Janeiro and other ports. Many drawings illustrate aspects of the ship and its equipment. The log itself records the weather and daily ship operations. An unusual highly illustrated document. Swiftsure is the name assigned to ten successive ships of the Royal (British) Navy, the first launched in 1573 and the most recent in 1971. This one was commissioned in 1871 and was the lead ship of the Swiftsure class battleships built in the late Victorian era. It operated under steam and sail and was ironclad. It was very fast for its time, 13.75 knots. It served as the Pacific Station flagship from 1882-1885 and 1888-1890. Renamed "Orontes" in 1901, she was scrapped in 1908. View Log Book

Pocket Mining Atlas. Compiled From The Latest Official Surveys, And The Most Authentic Sources.  Engineering and Mining Journal, 1880
Bolitho, Edwin, New York.
Scarce. 24 of the 27 maps are western mining maps. A miniature mining atlas with many western maps. Not in any of the standard collections or references. There are maps of western states and detailed maps of mining areas showing claims. All of the detailed claim maps (except Dahlonega District in Georgia) appear on the verso of the state maps in Bradstreet's Pocket Atlas of 1882 (see our copy). At the end of the atlas there is a note by the publisher stating that any of the maps can be supplied for any use (We assume that Bradstreet made use of this offer) and that additional maps will be provided in "the forthcoming edition." Was there another, expanded edition? Atlas is bound into burgandy leather covers with "Pocket Mining Atlas." stamped in gilt. View Atlas

34 Historic Topographic Maps of the Sierra Nevada by the United States Geological Survey, 1891 -  1951
USGS (U.S. Geological Survey). Washington, D.C.
These 34 maps show changes in parts of the Sierra Nevada Mountains over a 60 year period. Included are maps of Yosemite, Big Trees, Dardanelles, Mt. Whitney, Bridgeport, Sonora, Mt. Lyell, Hawthorne, and Mariposa. All the maps are at a scale of 1:125,000 so the detail is excellent. View USGS Maps

136 Wall Maps from the Collection of the University of California, Berkeley, Geography Department, 1900 - 2005
Various Publishers, Various Places
We recently entered into an agreement with the Geography Department at UC Berkeley to acquire over 600 of their 20th century wall maps of all parts of the world that are no longer used in teaching. In addition to digitizing those 600 maps, we agreed to digitize and put online a separate group of 156 wall maps retained by the Geography Departments that are still used in teaching - so that UC teachers and students could use the digitized maps in their presentations, lectures, and studies. And to be used and enjoyed by the general Internet public. The maps show the whole range of cartographic conventions used in the last 100 years. We have completed 136 of the 156 maps retained by UC and put them online now (we will complete the remaining 20 maps in that group plus the 600 we acquired in our next update). Highlights include the 1976 Floor of the Oceans by Tharp and Heezen, 1942 Rand McNally World Map for the Air Age, 1985 Bedrock Geology of the World by R.L. Larson, 1960 North and South Poles by Karl Wenschow, 1968 Mapa de Chile by the Institute Geografico Militar de Chile (pictured on left), 1979 Relief Map of California (a strange mash-up of a photograph of a plaster model of the state), 1966 Rio Grange Do Sul of Brazil by the Instituto Gaucho de Reforma Agraria, the stunning relief Map of Asia by Klett-Perthes, and the beautiful U.S. State Relief Maps by Allan Cartography.  Because some of these maps are still being actively printed and sold by the publishers, we allow viewing only for those maps and give links to the websites where more recent versions of the maps are available.  View All Wall Maps

  • News
  • August 24, 2012

Joshua Jelly-Shapiro on the Revolution in Cartography

The September 2012 issue of Harper's Magazine has a very interesting article by Joshua Jelly-Shapiro titled "All Over The Map - A Revolution in Cartography." Jelly-Shapiro reviews two recent books, "Maphead" by Ken Jennings and "Infinite City" by Rebecca Solnit. He also discusses the David Rumsey Map Collection along with technological innovations that are revolutionizing cartography and our understanding of space and place.

Mapping the Heavens in 1693

Ignace Gaston Pardies created a series of six beautiful star and constellation maps in the late 17th century. All six map plates join together to make a unified view of the Heavens as seen from the Earth. Pardies, a French Jesuit and professor of mathematics in Paris, corresponded with leading scientists of his day, including Newton, Leibniz and Huygens. His background in classical literature and science is evident in the complex artistry and mathematical precision of the six star maps. Pardies' use of a geocentric cartographic view of the stars was unusual for the time - most star charts and celestial globes used the God's eye perspective - looking at the entire universe from outside it. Our Cassini 1792 Celestial Globe is an example of the God's eye view - an earth-bound user had to imagine seeing the drawn constellations in the actual sky in reverse. With Pardies' maps we see the sky as it appears from earth. Pardies drew the maps on the gnomonic projection which visualized the universe as a six-sided cube instead of a globe. This method allows for accurate measurement by straight lines between any point on the map. He also showed the paths of many important comets from 1577 to 1682 moving through the constellations.  In order to assist users in visualizing various aspects of these star maps, we have georeferenced the maps in GIS and then joined them together, first as a cube, then as a globe, then in other projections, and in Google Earth, and those visualizations are shown below.

Pardies' stunning artistry can be seen in the second of the six plates, with the constellations Cetus, Aquarius, Andromeda, Pegasus and Aries:

Here is the full image of Plate 2 with Latin text on the left side and French text on the right side:

A detail of Plate 2 shows the head of Cetus and the tracks of two comets:

When Pardies' plates where published separately as an atlas, it was titled in Latin "Globi coelestis in tabulas planas redacti descriptio auctore R.P. Ignatio Gastone Pardies Societatis Jesu mathematico opus postumum." Below are all six plates, showing the explanatory text and tables on the sides of the star maps in Latin and French. First the two polar or "top and bottom" plates:

Plate 1 (North Pole)

Plate 6 (South Pole)

Then the four middle latitude or "side" plates in the order they are joined:

Plate 2 (Vernal Equinox)

Plate 5 (Winter Solstice)

Plate 4 (Autumnal Equinox)

Plate 3 (Summer Solstice)

The Linda Hall Library of Science, Engineering and Technology in Kansas City, Missouri, has a notable collection of Pardies' atlases and plates and commented on his work in one of their exhibition catalogs: "Pardies' star atlas is stylistically one of the most attractive ever published. Pardies took his constellation figures primarily from Bayer's Uranometria, but since each chart covers a large section of the sky, these figures had to be carefully integrated, which was not an easy task. Pardies' engraver accomplished this task with great success.... The plate [which] shows Hercules, Ophiuchus, Scorpius, Sagittarius, Aquila, and Lyra...is one of the most stunning compositions in the history of celestial cartography." Below is that Plate 5:

The six Pardies plates can be trimmed and laid out as the six sides of a cube:

When the six sides are joined as a cube, they look like this (Plates 1, 2, and 5 visible):

Rotating the cube (Plates 1, 4, and 3 visible):

Instead of visualizing the map plates as a cube, we can still keep the gnomonic projection but show it differently in GIS, here centered on Plate 5, but showing the parts of the four plates that adjoin Plate 5 (the gnomonic projection in GIS limits our view to about 130 degrees to avoid extreme distortion at the edges):

All six plates in the same gnomonic projection in GIS:

Plate 1 (North Pole)

Plate 2 (Vernal Equinox)

Plate 3 (Summer Solstice)

Plate 4 (Autumnal Equinox)

Plate 5 (Winter Solstice)

Plate 6 (South Pole)

In GIS, the same plates can be reprojected in orthographic projection, which allows us to see a full 180 degrees around each plate. Below is polar Plate 1 and its four adjoining plates in orthographic projection:

All six plates in the orthographic projection in GIS:

Plate 1 (North Pole)

Plate 2 (Vernal Equinox)

Plate 3 (Summer Solstice)

Plate 4 (Autumnal Equinox)

Plate 5 (Winter Solstice)

Plate 6 (South Pole)

For a novel projection, we can use the Berghaus star projection, here centered on the North Pole. This projection allows us to see five full plates (Plates 1-5) in one projected map:

And here centered on the South Pole (Plates 2-6):

We have used the geographic projection in order to put the plates in Google Earth. This projection distorts the northern and southern parts of the sky but allows us to see the entire group of six plates in one map:

When the geographic projection map of the six plates is placed in Google Earth, it loses any distortions and gives us a complete joined view of Pardies map of the Heavens. View in Google Earth browser below (requires plug-in, turn off Borders) or in the  Google Earth application (New Maps section, Celestial Globe 1693, turn off Atmosphere in View).

We can turn the Google Earth globe view inside out and float it 64 million meters outside the earth so that the Pardies star maps appear as we would see them in the sky.  We use a mirror image of the geographic projection so that all the positions and labels of the stars and constellations are correct (rotate the earth in order to move through the sky). View in Google Earth browser below (requires plug-in) or in the Google Earth application (New Maps section, Celestial Sphere 1693, turn off Atmosphere in View).

Below is a short video of moving through the six joined Pardies plates as a globe in Google Earth:

And another video of moving through the six joined Pardies plates 64 million meters outside of the earth, much as they would be seen in the sky by earth-bound viewers:

Unfortunately, Pardies did not live to see his amazing star maps published - he died in 1673 and the first edition of his atlas of six plates was published posthumously in 1674. A second edition was published in 1693 (our copy shown here), and a third edition in 1700. But the usefulness of his work continued long after his death and his star maps took on a life of their own. Deborah Warner ("The Sky Explored") states: "The published reports of their observations indicate that Jesuit astronomers throughout the world relied heavily on Pardies' maps for obtaining coordinates of both old stars and newly discovered ones. Furthermore, while using the maps they improved them by adding new stars and correcting the positions of old ones; many of these revisions were incorporated into the second edition. Pardies' maps served as a model for the gnomonic maps of Jonas Moore, Doppelmeyer, Kordenbusch, and, in the nineteenth century, the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge, and for Grimaldi's maps of the Chinese constellations."

We can appreciate and admire Pardies genius today, over 300 years later, because a few copies of his work still survive. Putting images of them online now allows many more people to enjoy his unique mapping of the Heavens long ago.

  • News
  • July 10, 2012

Stanford Gives Howell Award to David Rumsey

On May 18, 2012, David Rumsey received the Warren R. Howell Award from the Stanford University Libraries in recognition of his service to Stanford. Fine press printer Peter Koch designed a commemorative booklet for the occasion:

June 24, 2012 - 1,828 New Maps Added

1,828 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 32,413 maps and images. Included in this addition are early Yosemite guide books; the Allgemeiner Schulatlas, 1825, a remarkable German school atlas; 216 Maps and Images from Pocket Maps, 1825 - 1920; 12 U.S. County Atlases, 1864 - 1890; The Times Atlas of the World Mid-Century Edition, 1959; Atlas of the United States Printed for the Use of the Blind, 1837; 30 U.S. Civil War maps from Histoire de la Guerre Civile en Amerique, 1883; Adams' Synchronological Chart of Universal History, 1881; and 140 Separate, Broadside, Real Estate, and Manuscript Maps, 1776 - 1944.  All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 1,826 new maps and images.

Maps and Photographs from the Yosemite Guide Books, 1868 - 1874
Geological Survey of California, New York, Cambridge.
6 different editions of the first guide books of Yosemite Valley, including the first edition of 1868 with 24 original photographs by Carlton Watkins (later this year we will be adding a book reader of the entire 1868 Yosemite Guide Book). The guide books were the result of a government survey of Yosemite begun in 1863 under the direction of Josiah Dwight Whitney, the State Geologist, with Clarence King and James T. Gardner in the surveying party, and Carleton Watkins as the primary photographer. Charles Hoffman and William Brewer were other key team members. Josiah Dwight Whitney’s and the California Geological Survey’s Yosemite guide books were an early effort to domesticate the Sierra, to make the range accessible through scientific knowledge and reliable travel information. View Yosemite Guide Books

Allgemeiner Schulatlas, 1825
Ruhle von Lilienstern, August, Berlin
Remarkable for "the most fantasy-rich title page to be found in any German atlas" (Espenhorst). This atlas was "expressly designed for use in the schools" and was ahead of its time in depicting hydrography and topography without place names and cultural or political features. The author's motivation was to use an effective presentation style for surface terrain. The rendering of relief was particularly innovative and precedent setting. This is also one of the earliest lithographic atlases.  View Atlas

216 Maps and Images from Pocket Maps, 1825 - 1920
Various Authors, Various Places
95 years of pocket maps covering state maps, country maps, county maps, city maps, a cemetery map, U.S. civil war maps, oil district maps, gold mine maps, historical events maps, and an extraordinary map of  Niagara Falls.     View Pocket Maps

12 U.S. County Atlases, 1864 - 1890
Various Authors, Various Places
Continuing our scanning of representative U.S. County Atlases from the 19th century, this group of 12 includes Jefferson County, New YorkMontgomery and Fulton Counties, New York, Rutland County, Vermont, Cumberland County, Maine, Montgomery County, Pennsylvania, Schuyler County, New York, Wayne County, Indiana, LaPorte County, Indiana, Montgomery County, Illinois, Yates County, New York, Auglaize County, Ohio, and Columbia County, Wisconsin. These atlases have county and city maps, views of towns, farms, and industries, portraits and biographies of county leaders, and historical entries.  View All Atlases

The Times Atlas of the World. Mid-Century Edition, 1959
Bartholomew, John , Boston and London
Published in 5 volumes, 1955-1959, with 122 colored double page map sheets, and a comprehensive index of over 200,000 names. Because of the long production times involved in the work of compiling the detailed maps, the volumes were arranged in continental groupings with volume III, North Europe, coming out first, followed by another volume each year. V.1. The World, Australasia & East Asia --V.2. South-West Asia & Russia --V.3. Northern Europe --V.4. Southern Europe & Africa --V.5. The Americas. with an Index-Gazetteer. We have created 18 composite maps from maps of continents and countries at the same large scale - they offer far more detail than the original maps of similar coverage and smaller scale  in the atlas.  View Atlas

Atlas of the United States Printed for the Use of the Blind, 1837
Howe, Samuel Gridley; Ruggles, Samuel P., Boston
The Atlas of the United States Printed for the Use of the Blind was published in 1837 for children at the New England Institute for the Education of the Blind in Boston. Without a drop of ink in the book, the text and maps in this extraordinary atlas were embossed heavy paper with letters, lines, and symbols. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first atlas produced for the blind to read without the assistance of a sighted person. Braille was invented by 1825, but was not widely used until later. The atlas includes 24 state maps with a page of text describing each state and the symbols used on the maps. In our scans, we have lit the maps and text pages from one side to create shadows that reveal the embossing. View Atlas

Read our blog post on this atlas

Maps of U.S. States and Territories, 1876 - 1944
U.S.. General Land Office, Washington, D.C.
24 maps from the U.S. General Land Office show official surveys of states and territories in the U.S. west. Military forts, Indian Reservations, railroad development, early county formations are all shown. 10 maps show Arizona Territory from 1896 to 1910.  View Maps

The Peoples' Pictorial Atlas. Being A Complete And Popular Account Of All The Countries Of The World, In Their Geographical, Statistical, Topographical And Commercial Aspects, 1873
Jones, C.H.; Hamilton, T.H.; Williams, J.David, New York
Maps by Rogers and Johnston, and Weller. This atlas is similar to the Hardesty edition of 1875, but on thinner paper. J. David Williams is sometimes considered to be the author, but Phillips lists this under Jones and Hamilton. The North American maps, with the exception of the New England states and New York and Pennsylvania, are updated reissues of the maps used in Rogers and Johnston 1857 Atlas of the United States, although they are often configured in different groups, indicating that they were copied from the 1869 third edition of the Rogers and Johnston U.S. wall map that is from the same earlier plates, but updated, that the 1857 atlas was made from (see our #5402). With 7 pages of interesting views. View Atlas

A General Atlas, Containing Maps illustrating some important periods in Ancient History; and distinct Maps of the several Empires, Kingdoms and States In The World, From Original Drawings according to the latest Treaties, 1824
Wyld, James, 1790-1836; Thomson, John, Edinburgh
This is the second edition and includes the extra map of the Arctic and two extra maps of Australia. The text adds a section on Voyages of Discovery. Two additional maps are laid in, one of South America, the other of Mexico.  View Atlas

A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World. With a special map of each of the United States, Plans of Cities &c. Comprehended in seventy five sheets and forming a series of One Hundred And Twenty Two Maps, Plans And Sections, 1853
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus, Philadelphia
Continuing our plan to have every issue of Mitchell's New Universal Atlas from 1846 to 1859 online, this copy is the 1853 issue. We also have online the 1846, 1848, 1855, and 1859 issues. Title page has a full color illustration of the First Landing of Columbus in the New World. California map now shows counties throughout. Bound in half leather marbled paper covered boards with label stamped in gold reading "Mitchell's Universal Atlas." View 1853 Atlas   View All Mitchell Universal Atlases

(Six Ethnographic Maps to Accompany the Natural History of Man). Second Edition, 1867
Prichard, James Cowles, London
The six ethnographic maps to accompany Prichard's Natural History of Man were published separately and at different dates from the text volumes. The maps are: Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, and Polynesia. Each map is titled "Ethnographic Map of (Continent) In the Earliest Times Illustrative of Dr. Prichard's Natural History of Man and His Researches into the Physical History of Mankind. Second Edition, 1861." Sheets loose. View Maps

Mitchell's New Atlas Of The United States And Territories, Together With Plans Of The Principal Cities. Designed To Accompany And Illustrate The Centennial Gazetteer Of The United States, 1874
Mitchell, S. Augustus, Ziegler & McCurdy, Philadelphia
The special "propeller" border Mitchell Atlas - all the maps have this unique border not found in any other Mitchell Atlases. The title says this atlas was "Designed To Accompany And Illustrate The Centennial Gazetteer Of The United States," also published, we assume, by Ziegler & McCurdy, although we can find no reference to it. The maps in the atlas are sometimes unique issues, different from the maps found in the Mitchell General Atlas of either 1874, 1875, or 1873. Only maps of the United States are included, except for three World maps. View Atlas

(Atlas volume only to accompany the) Histoire de la Guerre Civile en Amerique par M. Le Comte de Paris, Ancien Aide de Camp du General Mac Clellan, 1883
Various Publishers, Various Places
These 30 maps were made by Vorzet to accompany Louis Phillipe d'Orleans' (Comte de Paris) multivolume "Histoire de la Guerre Civile en Amérique". The set includes two (of three) of the original fascicle covers (this was issued in parts, and often bound later). The first fascicle was from 1874. The fascicles were issued to accompany vols. 1-2, 3-4. and 5-6 respectively of the "Histoire." The Comte de Paris was a pretender to the throne of France, and expatriate, working as an aide-de-camp to the Union Gen. George MacClellan (McClellan). He eventually settled in England. Pub Date is the latest date of the maps published over time for this series. Looseleaf in two (of the original three) paper light green fascicles. Maps are color; chromolithographs. The atlas was provided for digitization by Joel Kovarsky, and has since been donated to the Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library of the University of Virginia. View Atlas

Adams' Synchronological Chart of Universal History. Through the Eye to the Mind. A Chronological chart of Ancient, Modern and Biblical History, Synchronized by Sebastian C. Adams. Third Edition and Twelfth-Thousand carefully and critically revised and brought down to 1878, (1881)
Adams, Sebastian C., New York
A huge and impressive twenty three foot long chart showing 5,885 years of history, from 4004 B.C.. to 1881 A.D. First issued in 1871, Adams put out several editions in many formats. Rosenberg and Grafton in "Cartographies of Time" say that as a timeline, Adams Synchronological Chart "was ninetheenth-century America's surpassing achievement in complexity and synthetic power. View Timeline

Read our blog post on this and many other timeline maps.

Uebersichts-Karte der Eisenbahnen Deutschlands bearbeitet im Reichs-Eisenbahn-Amt. 1893
Deutschland. Reichs-Eisenbahn-Amt, Berlin
Color railway map of German Empire. With six inset maps. Shows railroads, roads, rivers, sea, etc. Map is backed and folded into textured dark green cloth cover, with "Uebersichts-Karte der Eisenbahnen Deutschlands bearbeitet im Reichs-Eisenbahn-Amt . 1893. Massstab 1:1000000. Verlag von Max Pasch, Kgl. Hofbuchh. Berlin SW., Ritter-Strasse No. 50." stamped in gilt. View Map

This map relates to our Karte des Deutschen Reiches, 1893

140 Separate, Broadside, Real Estate, and Manuscript Maps,  1776 - 1944
Various Authors, Various Places
An eclectic group of maps including maps of the California Gold Rush, San Francisco, parts of Madison's rare map of Virginia 1807/1818, various real estate maps, Sauthier's 1776 Map of the Province of New York, and early Massachusetts town maps

View All 140 Maps

Atlas for The Blind 1837

The Atlas of the United States Printed for the Use of the Blind was published in 1837 for children at the New England Institute for the Education of the Blind in Boston. Without a drop of ink in the book, the text and maps in this extraordinary atlas were embossed heavy paper with letters, lines, and symbols. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first atlas produced for the blind to read without the assistance of a sighted person. Braille was invented by 1825, but was not widely used until later. It represented letters well, but could not represent shapes and cartographic features. Samuel Gridley Howe (1801-1876) was the founder and president of the New England Institute (later known as the Perkins Institute) and produced the atlas with the assistance of John C. Cray and Samuel P. Ruggles. Howe was the husband of Julia Ward Howe, the American abolitionist and author of the U.S. Civil War song "The Battle Hymn of the Republic." He was a champion of people with disabilities and believed that blind youth could be taught geography through  maps created with his special paper embossing process. In his introduction to the atlas Howe notes that crude attempts had been made to create maps for the blind, but they used primitive methods of creating relief and required the assistance of a sighted person. He claimed that his new embossing method was superior in all respects. Today, it is difficult to know how successful the atlas was, although there can be little doubt that these maps helped Howe's blind students visualize geography. We do know that 50 copies were made and five survive today, including this one. The atlas includes 24 state maps with a page of text describing each state and the symbols used on the maps. In our scans, we have lit the maps and text pages  from one side to create shadows that reveal the embossing.

Below is the first map in the atlas, of Maine, with dotted lines showing the border with Canada and New Hampshire. Numbers and letters indicate towns, rivers and lakes, and numbers 6 through 9 and 44 through 47 show longitude from Washington D.C. and latitude. The map shows a scale of 50 miles.  All of  this and more is explained in the text page for Maine.

The text page titled "map of maine, explanation" that follows the Maine map:

This enlarged view of the Vermont map shows the various symbols used as well as the impressions of the underlying blocks used in the embossing method. Mountains are shown as a series of short lines in this detail of the Green Mountains:

The map of Florida:

The map of Michigan:

This enlargement of the map of the District of Columbia shows Washington (w.city), Georgetown (g), and Alexandria (a) as well as the President's house (p) and the Capital (c).

The title page to the atlas:

The first page of the introduction to the atlas, explaining the plan:

The second page of the introduction to the atlas:

The covers of the atlas:

Even the title label on the spine of the atlas covers is raised and embossed saying "Atlas of The United States":

Howe wrote about the success of his method of raised relief to teach geography to blind children: "They soon understood that sheets of stiff pasteboard, marked by certain crooked lines, represented the boundaries of countries; rough raised dots represented mountains; pin heads sticking out here and there, showed the locations of towns; or, on a smaller scale, the boundaries of their own town, the location of the meeting-house, of their own and of the neighboring houses, and the like; and they were delighted and eager to go on with tireless curiosity. And they did go on until they matured in years, and became themselves teachers, first in our school, afterwards in a private school opened by themselves in their own town."

Eventually Braille proved more effective than Howe's method of embossed letters, but his maps remain today as wonderful examples of teaching the basic elements of geography and spatial relationships to blind students, enabling them to create the idea of maps as visualizations in their memories. And the Perkins Institute he led continues to teach blind students today, comprising a long and successful record of  blind education, including the teaching of Helen Keller.

View the entire atlas.

Timeline Maps

Mapping time has long been an interest of cartographers. Visualizing historical events in a timeline or chart or diagram is an effective way to show the rise and fall of empires and states, religious history, and important human and natural occurrences. We have over 100 examples in the Rumsey Map Collection, ranging in date from 1770 to 1967. We highlight a few below.

Sebastian Adams' 1881 Synchronological Chart of Universal History is 23 feet long and shows 5,885 years of history, from 4004 B.C. to 1881 A.D. It is the longest timeline we have seen. The recently published Cartographies of Time calls it "nineteenth-century America's surpassing achievement in complexity and synthetic power." In the key to the map, Adams states that timeline maps enable learning and comprehension "through the eye to the mind."

Below is a close up detail of a very small part of the chart: (click on the title or the image to open up the full chart)

Another detail covering a larger area with the chart turned sideways:

Eugene Pick published the Tableau de L'Histoire Universelle in 1858 in two sheets, one for the Eastern Hemisphere (shown here) and one for the Western Hemisphere. The chart shows history from 4004 B.C. to 1856. Like many timelines in this style, it is based on the 1804 Strom der Zeiten (Stream of Time) by Friedrich Strass of Austria. Part of Pick's chart is shown below:

Close up detail of Pick's chart:

Another timeline chart based on the Strass chart was Joseph Colton's 1842 Chart of Universal History. This is one of the earliest examples we have seen of the complete Strass model published in the United States (though earlier partial versions or derivations of the form appeared in the U.S.) The explanation at the bottom of the chart states "Each Nation is represented by a stream which is broken in upon or flows on undisturbed as it is influenced by the accession of Territory or the remaining at Peace."

Detail of Colton's chart:

Emma Willard's 1836 "Picture of nations or perspective sketch of the course of empire" uses innovative perspective to add a time dimension to her chart which is otherwise similar to the Strass-Colton-Pick models. It appears in her "Atlas to Accompany a System of Universal History."

Willard timeline detail:

Emma Willard uses another form of timeline in her 1824 "Progress Of The Roman Empire, Illustrated By The course Of The River Amazon." Here she shows the actual course of the Amazon as a timeline showing the history of the Roman Empire. The chart appeared in her 1824 "Ancient Geography, As Connected With Chronology, And Preparatory to the Study of Ancient History."

Rand McNally published amateur historian John B. Spark's "The Histomap. Four Thousand Years Of World History" in 1931. This popular chart went through many editions. On the cover, Sparks states: "Clear, vivid and shorn of elaboration, Histomap holds you enthralled as you follow the curves of power down time's endless course. Here is the actual picture of the march of civilization from the mud huts of the ancients thru the monarchistic glamour of the middle ages to the living panorama of life in present day America."

Francis Walker's 1874 "Statistical Atlas of the United States" contains many maps and diagrams that show data from the 1870 U.S. Census arrayed in timelines. The chart below, with the title "Fiscal chart of the United States showing the course of the public debt by years 1789 to 1870 together with the proportion of the total receipts from each principal source of revenue and the proportion of total expenditures for each principal department of the public service," shows 80 years of financial data arranged by time:

In 1878 O.W. Gray published "Chart Exhibiting the Relative Rank of the States for Nine Decades (1790-1870)." This is another kind of timeline that shows changing rank relationships between the U.S. states over time:

The chart below appeared in Henry Gannett's "Statistical atlas of the United States, based upon results of the Eleventh Census (1890)." Titled "Growth of the elements of the population: 1790 to 1890. (with) Proportion of aliens to foreign born males 21 years of age and over 1890," it is based on the Eleventh Census (1890) of the United States. It combines perspective, three dimensional views, map and timeline together.

The "Chronological Chart of North American History" appeared in Colton and Fisher's "Illustrated Cabinet Atlas and Descriptive Geography" of 1859. The chart uses color coding to arrange important historical events by time and geography.

Edward Quin published "An Historical Atlas; In a Series of Maps of the World as Known at Different Periods" in 1830. Rather than a strict timeline, Quin creates an entirely unique kind of time map series by using 21 maps that show progressively receding cloud borders to indicate the expansion of geographical knowledge over time. Below are 4 of the 21 maps.

The first map in the series is B.C. 2348. The Deluge:

The third is B.C. 753. The Foundation Of Rome:

The eighth is A.D. 1. The Roman Empire In The Augustan Age:

And the sixteenth is A.D. 1498. The Discovery Of America:

These two time diagrams show time in several locations relative to the time of noon at Washington, D.C.  A.J. Johnson published the diagram below with the title "A Diagram Exhibiting the difference of time between the places shown & Washington." It appeared as the last page in his "New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas" of 1860.

Mitchell's "A time table indicating the difference in time between the principal cities of the World and also showing their air-line distance from Washington" is similar with a slight change in style.

Finally, Herbert Bayer's amazing chart below, the "Succession of Life and Geological Time Table" extends the timeline from the birth of the earth to the appearance of man - tying geologic history and the evolution of life together in one chart. It appeared in his "World Geo-Graphic Atlas" of 1953.

March 13, 2012 - 1,596 New Maps Added

1,596 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 30,599 maps and images. Included in this addition is Bowles' 1733 Geography Epitomiz'd, an early example of information visualization; Abraham Bradley's 1805 Post Road Map of the United States; Aaron Arrowsmith's General Atlas of 1817; a group of U.S. Mexican War broadsides and maps; Mitchell's 1855 Universal Atlas; a group of 214 individual maps, charts, broadsides, ephemera, and manuscript maps, several of which are listed separately below; Sonnenschein and Allen's 1880 3D Royal Relief Atlas; Erwin Raisz' 1944 Atlas of Global Geography and 1964 Atlas of Florida; and Richard Harrison's important 1944 Fortune Atlas for World Strategy.  All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 1,596 new maps and images.

Geography Epitomiz'd. Of The Stars And Planets. Of The Sun And Moon. Of the Air and Meteors. The Terms of Geography Explain'd., 1733
Bowles, Thomas; Bowles, John, London
A remarkable series of cartouches and tables present the summary of geographic and cosmological information. Includes text and list of continents, countries, capital cities, and their coordinates. A very early example of information visualization. View Map

Map of the United States, Exhibiting the Post-Roads, the situations, connexions and distances of the Post-Offices, Stage Roads, Counties & Principal Rivers, 1805
Bradley, Abraham Junior, Washington, D.C.
Abraham Bradley published the best maps showing in detail the roads used to move the U.S. mail in the late 18th and early 19th century. This copy is the 2nd edition or state of this map, with printed date of 1804 but with estimated date of 1805 based on the naming of Michigan Territory which was formed in 1805. View Map

A New Juvenile Atlas, And Familiar Introduction To The Use Of Maps: With A Comprehensive View Of The Present State Of The Earth, 1814
Melish, John, Philadelphia
This is Melish's first school atlas, followed in 1816, 1818, and 1820 by Melish's Universal School Atlas which uses seven of these maps, omitting England, Scotland, and Ireland, and adding a Hemispherical World Map (see our 4519.000 for the 1820 edition). Melish based this atlas on Laurie and Whittle's atlas of the same title published in London in 1808, but added many "improvements" for the American edition. Melish states: "In the present edition, the maps and geography...have been carefully revised and improved; and the American part has been much altered, in consequence of the revolutions that have taken place in that quarter. These additions will, it is hoped, render the work an acceptable offering to the American public, particularly to youth, whose improvement in the pleasing and important study of geography is the earnest desire of the publishers..."  View Atlas

Eight manuscript maps: New York, Connecticut, New Hampshire, Delaware, Vermont, View of the Country ‘Round Pittsburg, View of the Country ‘Round Zanesville, East End of Lake Ontario, 1816
Bringhurst, William.
The state maps are dated 1816; the other three maps are undated. The Ontario, Pittsburgh and Zanesville maps are copied from similar maps that appear in Melish's "Geographical Description," most likely the 1820 or 22 edition because of the rounded corners which do not appear in the earlier editions of 1815 and 16. The state maps are copied from Scott's Gazetteer of 1795. The penmanship is very good. All maps in outline color. Relief shown by hachures and shadings. View Maps

A General Atlas, Being A Collection Of Maps Of The World And Quarters, Their Principal Empires, Kingdoms, &c. Containing Fifty Eight Maps And Charts, 1816
Carey, Mathew; Warner, Benjamin, Philadelphia
The maps in this atlas result from a collaboration between Carey and Warner, using maps from their prior publications. This was probably published in a small edition and was an attempt to serve the market with a cheaper and smaller version of the folio General Atlas by Carey. This atlas is not listed in any of the references; we are aware of only four copies. View Atlas

A New General Atlas, Constructed from the latest Authorities, By A. Arrowsmith, Hydrographer to the Prince Regent, Exhibiting The Boundaries And Divisions, Also The Chains of Mountains and other Geographical Features Of All The Known Countries In The World, 1817
Arrowsmith, Aaron, London
This is the first edition of Arrowsmith atlas published in 1817. Although the maps are not large, they are dense with information. This complete atlas features 53 copperplate maps, drawn by Arrowsmith and engraved by Sidney Hall, with a few engraved by Thomson in collaboration with Hall. View Atlas

Ancient Geography, As Connected With Chronology, And Preparatory to the Study of Ancient History By Emma Willard (with) A System of Universal Geography, On The Principles of Comparison and Classification; By William Channing Woodbridge ... Illustrated With Maps and Engravings; And Accompanied by an Atlas, 1824
Willard, Emma, Hartford
Willard did not yet have an atlas to accompany her Ancient Geography - she first issued that atlas in 1827. Of particular interest is the plate "Progress Of The Roman Empire, Illustrated By The course Of The River Amazon" in which Willard uses the course of the Amazon and its tributaries to make a time chart of the Roman Empire. Woodbridge and Willard discovered that they shared similar approaches to teaching geography and so decided to collaborate on this book. View Book

Twelve Broadsides and Maps Illustrating The U.S. Mexican War, 1846 to 1855
Various Publishers, Various Places
This groups of maps and broadsides show the progress and battles of the U.S. Mexican conflict and the aftermath. Several of the broadsides are highly decorative with maps, views, portraits, and tables of text.  View Maps

A New Map Of California, 1852
Gibbes, C.D., Stockton, California
Early state map, inaccurate yet elegant. Graphically, it is exceptionally well done. Wheat: "This was the most elaborate map of California that had yet appeared. It is beautifully designed and drawn, and includes a large number of the mining towns, though it cannot be entirely commended for accuracy." A portion of this map was published as Gibbes' New Map of the Gold Region in California, 1851, which was also issued in the Stockton Directory and Emigrant's Guide to the Southern Mines.  View Map

A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World. With a special map of each of the United States, Plans of Cities &c. Comprehended in seventy five sheets and forming a series of One Hundred And Twenty Nine Maps, Plans And Sections, 1855
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus, Philadelphia
Early 1855 edition. Color lithographed title page. This copy belonged to Judah Chase (with his name gold stamped on the cover) who was a noted Blue Hill, Maine, Sea Captain and owner of the Brig Thomas M. Lyon. This ship sailed from Havre, France, at the end of March, 1836, and sank in a heavy gale off the Island of Jersey - but the crew was saved. The fine condition of this atlas suggests that it remained in Captain Chase's library and never went to sea. View Atlas

Thirty Maritime Charts, 1800 to 1907
Various Publishers, Various Places
This group of sea charts ranges from the west coast of South America to Cape Cod to San Francisco Bay.  Most are by the U.S. Coast Survey. View Charts

Thirty Seven Maps to Accompany the Reports of the General Land Office, 1951 to 1876
U.S. General Land Office, Washington D.C.
A group of very early General Land Office surveys showing Washington, Oregon, California, Idaho, New Mexico and the United States. View Maps

Ten United States County Atlases, 1862 to 1885
Various Publishers, Various Places
Includes the first county atlas published in the U.S., Berks County, Pennsylvania. Also, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania; Franklin County, Pennsylvania; Androscoggin County, Maine; Steuben County, New York; Saint John City and County, New Brunswick, Canada; Logan County, Ohio; Daviess County, Kentucky; Leavenworth County, Kansas; and Cedar County, Iowa. All include maps, views, directories, and other information considered useful at the time. View Atlases

Two Editions of Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas, With Physical Geography, And With Descriptions Geographical, Statistical, And Historical, 1864 and 1870
Johnson, A.J., New York
The 1864 and the 1870 editions of Johnson's world atlases, showing the United States during the U.S. Civil War and after it. View Atlases

Illustrated Atlas Of The City Of Richmond, Va., 1876
Beers, F.W., No Place
A scarce atlas of Richmond a decade after the end of the Civil War. Wonderful detail on buildings and their owners, parks and public buildings. This copy is undated on the title page, but dated 1876 on the original front cover. A second edition was published in 1877. The index calls for seven views of Richmond that are not present in this copy and appear to never have been bound in, indicating that some copies were issued without the views (a common practice among the Beers). We have made two large composite maps of Richmond and Manchester. View Atlas

Royal Relief Atlas of All Parts of the World. Consisting of 31 Maps, With Physical, Political, and Statistical Descriptions facing each Map, 1880
Sonnenschein, W. Swan; Allen; Bevan, G.P., London
Raised relief maps. The maps are presented flat and a second copy with raised relief accomplished by embossing the paper. First edition, followed by editions in (1881) and 1885. Similar (perhaps copied from) to Woldermann's relief atlas in German. Phillips attributes this to G.P. Bevan. View Atlas

Department of the Interior, Census Office. Sixteen Maps Accompanying Report On Forest Trees Of North America, 1884
Sargent, C.S., New York
Loose in a folio. 10th census information. Show distribution of trees and types of trees. None of this information appears in any of the census atlases. Maps are printed in color and loose in plaid paper covered boards with cloth ties and a label printed with the above title. View Maps

Atlas of Global Geography. 1944
Raisz, Erwin, New York
On the jacket it states that this is an "entirely new kind of atlas - A beautiful and informative book of 'global' maps, giving a plane's-eye view of tomorrow's geography..." Inside dust jacket's back cover: short biography of Dr. Edwin Raisz, Photo by Bacharch. Raisz perfected a unique style of hand drawn cartography that was a great contribution to 20th century cartography. More information about him may be found at www. raiszmaps.com. Maps in color. With paper dust jacket. View Atlas

Look At The World: The Fortune Atlas For World Strategy, 1944
Harrison, Richard Edes, New York
Richard Harrison produced in this remarkable atlas a unique view of the world for the "air age." These maps are precursors of our ubiquitous satellite maps of today, yet hand drawn with great cartographic skill. View Atlas

Atlas of Florida, 1964
Raisz, Erwin, Gainesville
Maps in full color, many thematic. Raisz perfected a unique style of hand drawn cartography that was a great contribution to 20th century cartography. More information about him may be found at www.raiszmaps.com At the back of the book is a fold-out road map of Florida. Covers are dark green marbled paper covered cardboard 36x27 with title "Atlas of Florida by Erwin Raisz and associates with text by John R. Dunkle. Prepared in the Department of Geography, University of Florida. University of Florida Press, Gainesville." View Atlas

Old Maps Online - Historical Maps Search Portal

Old Maps Online www.oldmapsonline.org is a search portal for historical maps from five different map libraries in Europe and the United States. The David Rumsey Map Collection is a participating library. The search interface is similar to the MapRank search that is used on the Rumsey site. As of March 1, 2012, about 60,000 historical maps are in the search portal. It is expected that the number of participating libraries will increase over the coming year, along with the number of maps in the portal.  Below is the opening screen of the search portal:

The search interface for Old Maps Online, www.oldmapsonline.org

December 21, 2011 - 1,163 New Maps Added

1,163 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 29,004 maps and images. Included in this addition is Emma Willard's 1829  History of the United States, one of the first historical school atlases published in the United States; all the illustrations, maps, and plates from the 1861 Ives Expedition up the Colorado River; the 1873 Beers Atlas of Long Island, New York; a fascinating Hieroglyphic Atlas of the U.S.; images and plates from the Macomb 1859 Exploring Expedition in the U.S. West; and a scarce 1878 Atlas of Marion and Lynn Counties, Oregon. Also the 1880 Atlas of Prince Edward Island, Canada; the final composite and remaining maps of the Karte des Deutschen Reiches 1893 series; the complete Composite Image and all 164 aerial photographs of San Francisco in 1938 (View Composite Image or Index in Google Earth Browser); and Herbert Bayer's important World Atlas from 1953. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 1,163 new maps and images.

A Series of Maps to Willard's History of the United States, 1829
Willard, Emma, New York
Emma Willard's maps in this school atlas are some of the earliest published maps depicting historical events in the formation of the United States. The maps are thematic and very well drawn. Emma Willard was an  important teacher and school leader in the first half of the 19th century in the U.S. She believed that girls and young women should study geography and maps and this atlas is part of her many published school texts that further those goals. View Atlas

Report Upon The Colorado River of the West, Explored in 1857 and 1858,  1861
Ives, J.C., v. Ecloffstein, F.W., Washington, D.C.
Originally we put online only the maps from this report, now we have added all the plates and images by Mullhausen, Egloffstein and others. This is the scarce Senate issue with four maps by "Baron" Egloffstein. Egloffstein used a unique engraving process to achieve a superb rendering of topographical features; he used the same technique in the map he drew for Macomb's Report. Of the maps in Ives's Report Wheat said "The two maps were drawn by F.W. Egloffstein...the first...is one of his best." Rare in this form with the two additional geological maps in color wash. These only appear in the Senate issue. They are the same as the two "normal" maps that appear in the House and Senate issue, but they have colors overlaid to show geological formations. View Report

Atlas Of Long Island, New York,  1873
Beers, F.W., New York
One of the rarer Beers New York area atlases. View Atlas

A Hieroglyphic Geography Of The United States. Part 1 Containing The States Of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut And New York, 1875
Heermans, Anna A.; Cogswell, Charlotte B., New York
This atlas contains very small state maps filled with "Hieroglyphic" illustrations and views for each state, followed by a page of text. The text pages decode the "Hieroglyphic" images and text on the maps. Unusual use of maps, text, and image to teach geographical information. Apparently there are additional parts (not present here) that cover other states in the U.S. View Atlas

Composite Image and Sheets 502 to 674, Karte des Deutschen Reiches, 1893 (various dates, 1880 to 1910)
Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, Germany
Our project of scanning and putting online the 674 sheets of the Karte des Deutschen Reich, 1893, is completed - this addition adds the last 346 map images and increases the size of the large composite image to all 674 maps (the image is 390 GB, 401,000 x 332,000 pixels, downloadable as georeferenced 3.6GB JP2). View Composite Map

Report of the Exploring Expedition From Santa Fe, New Mexico, To The Junction of the Grand and Green Rivers of the Great Colorado of the West, In 1859, Published in 1876
Macomb, J.N.; Newberry, J.S.;Egloffstein, F.W. von, Washington D.C.
We have added the illustrations and plates by J.N. Newberry to the Egloffstein map, which Wheat calls "one of the most beautiful maps ever published by the Army." Egloffstein made his map in 1864. The publication of the map and the report were delayed by the Civil War. View Report

Historical Atlas Map Of Marion & Linn Counties Oregon, 1878
Williams, Edgar., San Francisco
This is the only county atlas made of an Oregon county in the 19th century. Its maps and views are very similar in style to those in the Thompson and West California county atlases. The Edgar Williams Company published no other atlases. View Atlas

Illustrated Historical Atlas Of The Province Of Prince Edward Island, 1880
Meacham, J.H. & Co.; Allen, C.R., Philadelphia
With views, portraits, a list of patrons of the atlas, and land ownership maps. Provincial atlases of the Canadian Maritime Provinces are scarce. View Atlas

Arbuckles' Illustrated Atlas of Fifty Principal Nations of The World. 1890
Arbuckle Bros., New York
Exquisite illustrations and brilliant color. The maps were also issued as individual cards with the coffee products. Maps surrounded by representative scenes from each country. Paper covers and bound with string on the left-hand side. Arbuckle Bros. also issued an Illustrated Atlas of the United States in 1889   View Atlas

Composite Image and Sheets 1 to 164, San Francisco Aerial Views, 1938
Ryker, Harrison, Oakland
We have completed the Composite Image and put online a set of 164 spectacular, large format, sharp, black and white vertical aerial photographs partially overlapping images covering San Francisco in 1938. Resolution generally better than one foot and much higher with high contrast features. Handwritten date on index map indicates photographs taken in August, 1938. Owned by the San Francisco Public Library. View Composite Image in Luna Browser. View Composite Image and Views 1-164 in Luna Browser. View Composite Image or Index in Google Earth Browser. View Composite Image or Index in Google Earth Application. 

The "Chevalier" Commercial, Pictorial and Tourist Map of San Francisco From Latest U.S. Gov. and Official Surveys, 1915
Chevalier, August, San Francisco
A map of San Francisco showing important buildings which are drawn in vignettes on the map. Also showing public improvement described in the Legend as Car Lines. Proposed Tunnels ... Railroads. At the bottom of the map is the publisher's statement "The Exposition City 1915" Full color map bound in brown card board covers with title " 'Chevalier' Illustrated Map & Guide Of San Francisco ( The Exposition City)." With Stamp "Panama-Pacific -International. Exposition. San Francisco California 1915," with the exposition building delineated just west of Fort Mason. Title hows Chevalier's Trade Mark vignette. This is a reduced size version of the wall map published in 1911 and 1915 and is also a reduced version of the pocket map edition of 1904.   View Map

World Geo-graphic Atlas, A Composite of Man's Environment. Geography, Geology, Demography, Astronomy, Climatology, Economics, 1953
Bayer, Herbert; Container Corporation of America, Chicago
Lavishly illustrated with drawings and graphics. Editor and designer Herbert Bayer (1900-1985) was prominent in the Bauhaus movement and personally did considerable map research for the atlas. This clear and concise volume relies upon an attractive juxtaposition of physical and political maps, text, thematic maps, illustrations, cross-sections, graphs, and diagrams. Many of the graphics are truly original yet demonstrative of important concepts.From the Preface: "This book is called "WORLD GEO-GRAPHIC ATLAS" because it includes, in addition to GEO-graphic maps, many GRAPHIC illustrations of subjects closely related to modern geography." The atlas demonstrated the post-World War II geopolitical and economic situation.  The international maps of this English language atlas are from the Instituto Geografico di Agostini. Maps of the U.S. are by Rand McNally and Company. Relief shown as combined hachures, shaded relief, and hypsometric tints; bathymetry also tinted. Many insets of the vicinities of urban areas. View Atlas

San Francisco Aerial Photographs 1938

We have put online a set of 164 large format, sharp, black and white vertical aerial photographs of San Francisco taken in 1938 from an airplane by Harrison Ryker, a pioneer in aerial photography. The photographs overlap each other and cover the entire city. The resolution is generally better than one foot or even higher with high contrast features allowing visibility of even the paint striping on a basketball court.  Relative heights are frequently discernible based on the shadows cast of objects and structures. A handwritten date on the index map indicates the photographs were taken in August, 1938. The photographs are owned by the San Francisco Public Library and are a continuation of our collaboration with them on scanning and putting online important historical maps and views of San Francisco (including our prior collaboration on the 1905 San Francisco Sanborn Insurance Atlas).

Image number 18 of the set shows the active waterfront around the Ferry Building at the foot of Market Street:

Enlarging the image to the area around the Ferry Building shows the high level of detail that can be seen:

Zooming to full resolution of the same scene shows cars and ships at the plaza next to the Ferry Building:

The adjoining image 17, to the south, shows activity of ships being unloaded to trains on the waterfront under the recently opened (November, 1936) San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge:

A closer in detail of the same image shows cars on the Bay Bridge above the ships at the docks:

The Mission Bay Roundhouse (demolished early 1960's) of the Southern Pacific rail yards at Mariposa and 3rd streets is clearly visible on image 14:

In the San Francisco neighborhoods, all kinds of interesting details show up, like the vast outer Sunset sand dunes along Sunset Boulevard on image 148:

Image 85 shows the Calvary and Laurel Hill Cemeteries, later moved to Colma:

Crissy Army Airfield and the Presidio Main Post are seen in image 101:

Parts of the Presidio and other military sites in the city are whited out or blacked out, presumably because they show sensitive military installations, like this area of the Presidio near Baker Beach in image 129:

The index map shows how all the images overlap each other in covering the city, using hand drawn numbered rectangles on top of a 1937 map of San Francisco:

We have created a composite image of all 164 images joined together and georeferenced:

The georeferenced composite images are in Google Earth (requires plugin) below:

We also have an index layer in Google Earth for the same images that shows the overlap as well as identifying each image:

On mousing over any red image outline, the image number shows and reveals a pop up that allows downloading of the original image or the georeferenced image or the large composite image:

The georeferenced composite image and index can be viewed in either the Google Earth Browser (requires plugin) or in the Google Earth desktop application (Composite, Index to Composite, opens in Places/Temporary Places). Or you can view them along with all the 300 plus Rumsey historical maps in Google Earth by downloading this link (opens in Places/Temporary Places, see the New Maps folder).

The overlay of the 1938 images on current satellite images in Google Earth allows for interesting time comparisons, as in this view of the Southern Pacific Mission Bay Roundhouse on image 14, seen blending into the current satellite image of the same area today showing construction of the Mission Bay campus of the University of California, San Francisco:

The person who created the 164 aerial views of San Francisco in 1938 was Harrison Ryker of Oakland, California:

Harrison C. Ryker (1898-1981)

Research by Dan Holmes, Librarian of the Rumsey Map Collection, uncovered the following information on Ryker. Harrison C. Ryker (1898-1981) was born in Oakdale, California. He married Charlotte Seward in the mid-1920s; after divorcing, he married Esther Miriam Munson in 1936. He served in the U.S. Army for several years in Germany with the post-World War I occupational forces, and partook of educational opportunities at the University of California, Berkeley. Expanding on his hobby in photography, Mr. Ryker teamed with various pilots beginning aerial photography services out of the Oakland Airport and throughout the West. Colleagues included Lage Wernstedt of the U.S. Forest Service. He also worked with the Fairchild Aerial Camera Company (including an aerial survey of Puerto Rico) and Clyde Sunderland of Pacific Aerial Surveys. As well, he took photographs of the devastating 1923 Berkeley Fire, archived in The Bancroft Library. By 1938 Mr. Ryker was listed in business as a map publisher (see Polk’s Oakland 1938 Street and Avenue Guide) based at 1924 Franklin St., Oakland. At that time, he had at least one patent pending for a stereoscope used for aerial photograph interpretation. Shortly after 1938 Ryker established his company address as Harrison C. Ryker, Inc., at 1000 Ashby Avenue, Berkeley, California (relocating to east Oakland in the 1950s). He subsequently manufactured pocket and desktop stereoscopes and a vertical Sketchmaster, instruments that were extensively used by educational institutions and the military, especially during World War II. An example of his stereoscope viewers was the M-11:

Advertisement for the Ryker Model M-11 Reflecting Stereoscope

Ryker's experience in aerial photography led to further involvement in photo interpretation and cartography. An article in the journal The Timberman (1933) describes means of distinguishing individual species of forest trees on aerial photos; later applications were terrain analysis for petroleum geology and unmasking of ground camouflage during wartime. His largest product was the Wernstedt Mahan map plotter, patented in 1954, which was a standard cartographic device for its time. His instruments are in use today in libraries, air photo collections, and earth sciences departments throughout America; they are in the instrument collections of the Archives of the History of American Psychology, and the Institute of Geographical Exploration at Harvard University has the Ryker M-11 Reflecting Stereoscope. Among his patents were (1) the adjustable pocket stereoscope filed with the United States Patent Office, patented December 1940, Patent No. 2,225,602; and (2) the stereoscope filed with the United States Patent Office, filed September 1, 1937, Serial No. 161,973, patented January 21, 1941, Patent No. 2,229,309. Harrison Ryker pioneered research in aerial photo interpretation. His work has been noted by A. Everett Wieslander, an early (1930s – 1950s) leader in the mapping of California vegetation and soils, in his Oral History produced by The Bancroft Library, and in a letter by Robert Colwell, Forestry Professor at the University of California, Berkeley. Some of our information regarding Harrison Ryker is from personal communications with Ryker's son, Harrison Clinton Ryker, a musicologist  from Bellevue, Washington.

First Atlas of Russia, Published in 1745

The first Atlas of Russia from 1745 has been added to the online collection. It was published by the Academy of Sciences in St. Petersburg, Russia, expanding on the cartographic work done previously by Russian cartographer Ivan K. Kirilov. Joseph Nicolas de L'Isle, the great French astronomer, was invited by the Academy of Sciences in 1726 to come to St. Petersburg to oversee the production of the atlas, although his role and contributions to the atlas are disputed by historians. The atlas maps present the first complete national survey of the entire country at uniform scales for European and Asiatic Russia. Alexei Postnikov, author of "Russia in Maps," says this atlas "brings together all the geographical discoveries of the early 18th century to give a fuller picture of the entire Empire than shown in the so-called Kirilov atlas. The maps were mostly based on instrumental surveys, geographical descriptions and maps compiled by the Petrine geologists and their successors." Normally the atlas includes 20 maps; this copy is special in adding an additional 17 maps and 2 text pages, including plans of St. Petersburg and Moscow (similar to a copies at the Library of Congress, Phillips 4060 and Phillips 3109). The maps have titles in German and Latin; place names are in Russian and Latin alphabet. The text of cartouches is in Latin. The atlas was also issued with French and Russian title pages and text, with the title Atlas Russicus and Atlas Rossiiskoi. This copy contains 7 pages of text with descriptions of the maps and explanations of geographical names and symbols used in German, Russian, French and Latin, a general map of the Russian empire, 13 maps of European Russia at a uniform scale of 1:1,470,000 (35 versts to one inch, 1 verst equals 3,500 feet), and 6 maps of Siberia at a uniform scale of 1:3,444,000 (82 versts to one inch). Bound in at end of the atlas are 19 additional text and maps of Russian territories, plans from the Russo-Turkish war of 1736, engravings of military fortifications, maps of Ladoga Lake, environs of St. Petersburg, Kronstadt and the Gulf of Finland. Maps are colored in outline, with some maps in full color. We have added 2 composite images of all 13 maps of European Russia and all 6 maps of Siberia. The atlas was printed in September 1745 in St. Petersburg. View the atlas.

The general map of the Russian Empire extends from the Baltic to the Pacific Ocean at a scale of 1: 9,030,000:

Each of the 13 maps of European Russia are drawn at a scale of 1:1,470,00 or 35 versts to the inch.  Many have decorative cartouches:

This map shows a long portion of the Volga River:

The 6 maps of Asiatic Russia (Siberia) are at a scale of 1: 3,444,000 or 82 versts to the inch:

A Legend (in German) on the last page of text describes the various symbols used on the maps:

This atlas is unusual in having an additional 17 maps and 2 indexes added to the 20 maps that usually comprise the atlas. Among the 17 extra maps is a plan of St. Petersburg from 1737:

Also included is a map showing the Gulf of Finland between St. Petersburg and the island of Cronstad, and the outlet of the Neva River in St. Petersburg, 1741:

And a plan of Moscow from 1739:

A map of the Caspian Sea from 1728:

We have created 2 composite images, 1 of the 13 maps of European Russia and 1 of the 6 maps of Asiatic Russia or Siberia. Here is the composite image of the European Russia Maps:

And here is the composite image of the Siberian maps:

4 languages are used in the atlas: Russian, German, Latin and French (although French is used primarily in the map cartouches and notes). The atlas title page and text pages were printed in 3 versions: Russian, French/Latin, and German. The title page and 6 pages of text describing the maps and Russian geographical terms in this copy are the German version:

The index page for the map of Moscow is in Russian:

The text page describing the some of the Turkish Russian War battles is in Latin, Russian, and German:

Considering the vastness of the Russian Empire, this atlas was a remarkable achievement. While not accurate by today's standards, at the time it was a significant improvement in cartographic representation of the country, and it was certainly then the largest part of the globe mapped systematically at a uniform scale, using the best science of the day.

Reading Historical Maps Digitally: How Spatial Technologies Can Enable Close, Distant and Dynamic Interpretations

David Rumsey gave the opening keynote lecture for the Digital Humanities 2011 Conference at Stanford University on June 19, 2011.

Abstract of the talk: Maps are dense, complex information systems arranged spatially. While they share similarities with other visual artifacts, their uniqueness as spatially arranged visual information both allows for and demands special digital approaches to understand and reuse their content. Georeferencing, vectorization, virtual reality, image databases, and GIS-related tools all work to unite our eyes, minds, and computers in new ways that can make historical maps more valuable and accessible to humanists concerned with place and space over time. Rumsey will explore the tools and techniques that have implications for the ways digital humanists approach visual information.

Pre-Earthquake San Francisco 1905 Sanborn Insurance Atlas

A rare 6 volume 1905 San Francisco Sanborn Insurance Atlas showing the city as it was just months before the great earthquake and fire of 1906 has been added to the map site in collaboration with the San Francisco Public Library which owns the atlas and keeps it in its San Francisco History Center at the main library branch. The atlas was published in 1899/1900 and was updated manually several times by the publisher, the Sanborn-Perris Map Company of New York, with the last updates done in the fall of 1905. The 6 atlas volumes show the city in great detail, with building shape, height, construction materials, and many other details typical of fire insurance atlases of the period. Apparently the volumes were never updated after the earthquake and fire (except for a few small 1908 updates) because the atlas was damaged in the fire with some loss to the edges (as can be seen from the map images).

Update: a wonderful index and map placement tool for these maps is available at Maptcha.org

Index Map for Volume 1:

An example of the pages: Volume 1, Pages 5-6, blocks bounded by California, Washington, Davis, East and Market Streets:

Detail of Pages 5-6, one block bounded by California, Sacramento, Davis, and Drumm Streets:

The Key explaining all the map symbols:

Index Map for Volume 2:

Index Map for Volume 3:

Index Map for Volume 4:

Index Map for Volume 5:

Index Map for Volume 6:

Many of the downtown blocks in this atlas can also be seen as street front drawings in the 1895 Illustrated Directory of San Francisco.

We are grateful to City Archivist Susan Goldstein of the San Francisco History Center, Book Arts and Special Collections, San Francisco Public Library for suggesting this project to us and making the volumes available for scanning and uploading to our online collection. We hope to collaborate on more projects with Susan and the San Francisco Public Library.

June 26, 2011 - 1,676 New Maps Added

1,676 new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to 27,800 maps and images. Included in this addition are 666 images of Pocket Maps, a rare edition of Sanborn's 1905 Atlas of San Francisco from the S.F. Public Library which shows the city just before the earthquake and fire of 1906 - the atlas pages show burns from the fire. Also the 1889 Cram Standard American Atlas and the 1901 Cram American Railway Atlas.  325 more images from the Karte des Deutschen Reiches are added and the large composite image is increased to 501 maps (the next update will finish it at 674 maps). All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 1,676 new maps and images.

Pocket Maps, various dates 1824 to 1962
Various Authors
Pocket maps were a popular form of map publishing in the 19th and 20th centuries. Maps typically folded into covers that were small enough to carry in one's pocket. Most of the atlas publishers issued their maps in atlas form as well as pocket maps.  The map covers often have interesting information including signatures of owners, dates, catalogs and indexes. Later in the 20th century the maps became self folding, typically as automobile road maps or travel maps.

View Pocket Maps

Official Map of Chinatown in San Francisco, 1885
A.L. Bancroft, San Francisco
Map details the various districts in San Francisco's Chinatown: Chinese occupancy, gambling, prostitution, opium resorts, joss houses (temples or shrines), and white prostitution. Copy from the San Francisco Public Library. View Map

Cram's Standard American Atlas Of The World, 1889
Cram, George Franklin , Chicago
The title page claims that the maps show "the true locations of all railroads, towns, villages and post offices that have a name or contain a store." The railroad maps are very detailed. The statistical diagrams are imaginative. View Atlas

Composite Image, Sheets 1 to 501, Karte des Deutschen Reiches, 1893 (various dates, 1880 to 1910)
Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, Germany
Our project of scanning and putting online the 674 sheets of the Karte des Deutschen Reich, 1893, is nearing completion - this addition adds another 325 map images and increases the size of the large composite image to 501 maps (the image is 236 GB, 380,000 x 213,000 pixels). View Composite Map

Cram's Standard American Railway System Atlas Of The World, 1901
Cram, George Franklin , Chicago
This atlas has some of Cram's best maps of the U.S. and world. A large number of U.S. cities are mapped. View Atlas

Insurance Maps of San Francisco, 1905
Sanborn-Perris Map Company, New York
A rare 6 volume San Francisco Sanborn Insurance Atlas showing the city as it was just months before the great earthquake and fire of 1906 has been added to the map site in collaboration with the San Francisco Public Library which owns the atlas and keeps it in its San Francisco History Center at the main library branch. The atlas was published in 1899/1900 and was updated manually several times by the publisher, the Sanborn-Perris Map Company of New York, with the last updates done in the fall of 1905. The 6 atlas volumes show the city in great detail, with building shape, height, construction materials, and many other details typical of fire insurance atlases of the period. Apparently the volumes were never updated after the earthquake and fire (except for a few small 1908 updates) because the atlas was damaged in the fire with some loss to the edges (as can be seen from the map images). View Atlas

Golden Gate International Exposition (1939 World's Fair). Treasure Island. San Francisco, Calif.
Sanborn Map Company,.San Francisco
Detailed insurance map of buildings and layout of fair grounds for the 1939 World's Fair on San Francisco's Treasure Island. The map is heavily annotated (in pencil).  Detailed legend. Includes diagram of water system valve control assembly by the main gate. Copy from the San Francisco Public Library. View Map

New Geographical Search by MapRank Viewer

The new MapRank Search viewer enables geographical searching of the collection by map location and coverage, in a Google Map window. Pan and zoom the Google Map to the area of the world you want maps of, and the results will automatically appear as a scrollable list of maps with thumbnail images in the right side results window. The maps in the right side results list are ranked by coverage, with the maps that have coverage closest to your search window listed at the top. Maps lower in the list show the area of interest, but with coverage that does not match as closely. Mousing over any map in the list will show the map's coverage as a light red rectangle on top of the Google Map. Clicking on a map in the list will open it in the Luna Browser. You can filter your results with the When timeline, the What or Who keyword text window, and the Map scale windows, as well as search by place name in the Find a place window. Currently about 12,000 online maps are searchable with MapRank search; soon all the 27,000 online maps will be included. Launch MapRank Search.

Below is the MapRank Search viewer zoomed in to find maps of San Francisco, with the 1904 "San Francisco Intensity of Earthquake" map highlighted in red in the results list and with the area covered by the earthquake map shown in light red on the Google Map:

The MapRank Search viewer finding maps of San Francisco, California

Clicking on the thumbnail or title of a map in the list opens it in the Luna Browser with a zoomable image and description:

1904 "San Francisco Intensity of Earthquake" map image in the Luna Browser

Zooming out in the Google Map selection window instantly changes the search results to find maps with similar coverage, here the San Francisco Bay Area and Central California:

Zooming out from San Francisco changes the results list to show maps of Central California and the San Francisco Bay Area

Zooming out further in the Google Map window changes the map results again to maps of California:

Another zoom out level  finds maps of the State of California

Here the Google Map is set to find maps of the American West:

Maps of the entire American West are found with this Google Map window

Zooming out and panning east finds maps of the entire United States:

The Google Map window changed to find Unites States maps

Zooming out again finds maps of North and South America:

Maps of North and South America are show with this search view

Finally, zooming out to the full extent in the Google Map window finds maps of the entire World:

World maps shown in this zoom level

The WHEN time range line allows changing the dates of the results, here from 1690 to 1795 for the same set of World maps:

Using the WHEN time range to further filter results to World maps from the period 1690 to 1795

The Map scale boxes are used to limit the range of scales of the search, here set at 1:2,500 to 1:2.5 mil. This setting will show maps with smaller coverages that fall within the Google Map at the top of the list:

Maps of areas inside the Google Map are found by limiting Map scale at 1:2,500 to 1:2.5 mil

The Find a place box is used here to zoom the Google Map to find maps of Paris, France:

Using the Find a place box to zoom to maps of a place, here Paris, France

The WHAT or WHO box is used to further limit results to maps of Paris by Guillaume De Lisle:

Maps of Paris before 1795 by De Lisle with scale between 1:2,500 and 1:2.5 mil

Zooming out to show all of France finds maps by De Lisle of French provinces, still limited by time and scale:

Keeping the same limits of time, scale, and De Lisle, the Google Map is zoomed out and the results are changed again

Finally, keeping the same limits but panning the map to Italy finds maps of Italy by De Lisle with the same time and scale constraints:

De Lisle Maps of Italy from 1690 to 1795 with scale of 1:2,500 to 1:2.5 mil are shown

This new MapRank search interface allows geographical and spatial searching of the map collection in a dynamic and fluid way. It will provide an entirely new experience of exploring our online map library, using a map to search the collection instead of relying on textual terms alone.

While the new search interface is largely complete, please let us know if you find any errors or problems. The bounding coordinates for the maps are correct in almost all cases, but there may be some maps with incorrect coordinate (coverage) data - please let us know if you find any and we will correct them. The MapRank search interface and program has been developed by Petr Pridal of Klokan Technologies.

Karte des Deutschen Reiches 1893 (Map of the German Empire)

The Karte des Deutschen Reiches 1893 consists of 674 sheets at a scale of 1:100,000. All sheets join together to make a huge, highly detailed and historically significant map of about 1,155 cm x 980 cm (38 ft x 32 ft), covering all of present day Germany and much of present day Poland. The maps show the landscape as it was at the end of the 19th century. We have completed the process of scanning all the sheets individually as well as making a very large digital composite image of all 674 sheets joined. We have put sheets 1 to 674 online and made a composite image of sheets 1 to 674. The composite image is also placed in Google Earth (requires plug-in)(the georeferenced composite image and any of its parts may be downloaded through the Google Earth Index Map), allowing comparison of the historical map with current satellite imagery and other information layers. We completed the project on October 1, 2011. The publication dates of the sheets vary, generally from about 1800 to 1900. For the whole series we use an average date of 1893.

After German unification in 1871, in an agreement dated March 4, 1878, the states of Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, and Wurttemberg (the areas of modern day Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, and Kaliningrad, and part of Lithuania) agreed to map their areas on a 1:100,000 scale in a common topographic grid survey consisting of 674 sheets. Each sheet covers about 30 minutes in longitude and 15 minutes in latitude. One centimeter on a map is equivalent to 1 kilometer on the ground. Average sheet size is about 35 cm x 28 cm. Each sheet covers about 1000 square kilometers and was engraved on copper. A polyhedral projection was used. Prime meridian was Ferro, later switched to Greenwich.

The series is known as the KDR-100 (German General Staff map) and was surveyed beginning in 1878, although many sheets were simply drawn from pre-existing military maps, often of larger (more detailed) scale. This map series is remarkable for the level of fine detail. As a consequence, it was scanned at 800 PPI providing four times the resolution of the typical detailed map scan of 400 PPI.

Below is a detail of part of Sheet 269, Berlin, 1893: (clicking on any of the images below will open them)

Detail of Sheet 269 Berlin  Karte des Deutschen Reiches 1893

Here is part of the same sheet at 800% magnification:

Detail at 800% magnification of Sheet 269 Berlin  Karte des Deutschen Reiches 1893

The dates of the maps are estimated based on the apparent library acquisition date, frequently stamped on the back of the map sheet, usually 1893. The maps are mounted on linen in 4, 6, or 8 panels.  Comparing our sheets to those at the Library of Congress shows that most of our sheets were published 5 to 10 years before the stamped acquisition date. Thus most sheets were published between 1883 and 1888.  A few sheets are duplicated and placed under similar list numbers.

Below is a typical sheet, Sheet 46, Neustadt in West-Pr. 1893, dissected into four parts and folded, with the map seller's label and map scale pasted on one fold:

Sheet 46. Neustadt in West-Pr. Karte des Deutschen Reiches. 1893

Here is the same map, with the four sections joined into a composite, to make georeferencing more accurate.

(Composite of) Sheet 46. Neustadt in West-Pr. Karte des Deutschen Reiches. 1893

Below is a detail of the same Sheet 46, Neustadt in West-Pr. 1893 at 400% magnification:

All 674 sheets are joined together in one composite image. The image is 401,310 pixels wide by 332,060 pixels high, 380 GB. Below are sheets 1 to 674 joined together in the composite image and shown in the Luna Browser:

(Composite of) Sheets 1 - 674 Karte des Deutschen Reiches. 1893

The same composite image can also be viewed in Google Earth:

Germany 1893 layer in Google Earth (requires plug-in)

And the index sheet for the composite image can be viewed in Google Earth:

Germany 1893 Index layer in Google Earth (requires plug-in)

The composite image and the index sheet can also be viewed in the Google Earth desktop application (requires download if you do not have Google Earth installed). Or you can view these layers along with 300 other historical maps from the Rumsey Collection in Google Earth by clicking on this link.

The Karte des Deutschen Reiches have extraordinary map detail and many kinds of cultural, physical, political, and historical information. At least ten separate symbols for special buildings were utilized, a method enhanced by placing an abbreviation next to the symbol. Structures with special symbols include: churches, chapels, monuments, windmills, water mills, stamp mills, forester’s lodges, watchtowers, ruins, forts, quarries, clay pits, lime kilns, and coke-ovens. Factories, brick works, powder magazines, and many other important buildings are differentiated by means of abbreviation. Houses appear as black blocks, either rectangular or shaped like the ground plan of the building. Many other features are differentiated, for example there are four different qualities of roads plus bridle paths and footpaths.

Vegetation is minutely classified including separate symbols for broadleaf trees, evergreens, underbrush, heather, dry meadows, wet meadows, swamps, orchards, gardens, vineyards, and parks. Relief is shown by hachures. Spot elevations are given in meters above sea level.

This collection strongly trends toward the earliest editions. They were published for the General Staffs of Bavaria, Prussia, Saxony and Wurttemberg by several issuers, but most were by “R. Eisenschmidt, Verlags-Buchhandlung ” (publishing bookstore). (Berlin). Key organizations indicated on the maps include (1) Topographic Bureau of Royal Saxony, abbreviated in German as “topogr. bureau des konigl. sachs.” And (2) Royal Prussian General Staff, abbreviated in German as “Kgl. Preuss. Generalstab.”

Most sheets are stamped with "The Library of Massachusetts, State House, Boston," and the apparent date of acquisition. Almost all of the sheets are trimmed to the neatline to allow for closer alignment of multiple sheets when viewing, apparently a common practice by publishers of the sheets. Therefore the printed publishing date has been removed in most cases and we are estimating the date based on the acquisition stamp date (usually 1893).

Cataloging and research for the maps was done by Daniel Holmes, Librarian of the Rumsey Collection. Scanning and georeferencing of the map images was done by Glenn Bachmann of Cartography Associates. Global Mapper software was used to georeference and composite the map images. We are grateful to the Geography and Map Division of the Library of Congress for providing images of four sheets that were missing from the Rumsey Collection.

March 18, 2011 - 1,634 New Maps Added

1,634  new maps and images have been added to the David Rumsey Map Collection, bringing the online collection to over 26,000 maps and images. Included in this addition are five issues of Colton's General Atlas of the World dated from 1865 to 1886. Also two editions of Schonberg's Standard Atlas of the World, 1865 and 1867. Sheets from two national surveys: six composite images of the entire Wheeler Survey of the U.S. West, 1876, and the first 338 sheets of the massive 19th century survey of Germany, Karte des Deutschen Reiches, 1893 (the remaining 336 sheets will follow in the next update). Added are elegant maps from the Atlante Geographico de Agostini, 1952, and a complete set of all the Shell Oil Company Automobile Road maps of North America, 1956. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 1,634 new maps and images.

Colton's General Atlas, various dates, 1865, 1866, 1869, 1974, 1886
Colton, G.W., New York
Five editions (1865, 1866, 1869, 1874, 1886) of an important world atlas published yearly from 1856 to 1888 by the Colton family of cartographers in New York City. The 1865 edition includes a gift letter from publisher J.H. Colton to his friend Reverend Edmond Taylor of Brooklyn, New York. The 1874 edition has the publisher's original canvas slip dust cover. In addition to these issues, we also have online the 1856 first edition, the 1857 variant edition (Advertising Atlas of America), and the 1859 variant, Colton's Cabinet Atlas (also viewable as a BookReader flip book).

View Five New Colton Atlases 

View all Eight Colton Atlases

Schonberg's Standard Atlas Of The World, 1865 and Schonberg's Atlas of the United States, 1867
Schonberg & Company, New York
Two editions, 1865 and 1867, of an unusual atlas of the world and the United States, published in New York. Schonberg used very bright colors and striking designs on the maps and charts. View Atlases

Composite Images of all Wheeler Survey Topographical, Geological, and Land Classification Atlas Sheets, 1876 (various dates)
Wheeler, George M, Washington, D.C.
The map images are joined and projected in GIS on a conic projection with the central meridian at 111 degrees west - matching the original projection of the Wheeler Survey.  View All Composites in Luna Browser 
View Topographical Sheets in Google Earth 
View Geological Sheets in Google Earth 
View Land Classification Sheets in Google Earth

Karte des Deutschen Reiches, 1893 (various dates, 1880 to 1910)
Reichsamt fur Landesaufnahme, Germany
In 1878, the states of Prussia, Saxony, Bavaria, and Wurttemberg (the areas of modern day Germany, Luxembourg, Poland, and Kaliningrad, and part of Lithuania) agreed to map their areas on a 1:100,000 scale in a common topographic grid survey consisting of 674 sheets.  We have completed scanning of the first 338 sheets, shown here, with the remaining 336 sheets to be added in the next update. These maps are remarkable for the level of fine detail. The series is known as the KDR-100 (German General Staff map). The mapping continued until 1945, so most sheets were revised at least once. Our collection copies strongly trends toward the earliest editions. View Maps Individually or as a composite of sheets 1-138 in Google Earth or in Luna Browser (composite will grow with later additions)

Atlante Geografico de Agostini, 1952
Instituto Geographico di Agostini, Novarra
Instituto di Agostini is known for the beautiful maps and atlases it produced. This may be a proof copy of their "Atlante Geografico de Agostini" or intended to accompany an encyclopedia or text, because it is bound into simple plain covers and lacks a title page and index. The thematic maps of this atlas are especially interesting and elegant in design. View Atlas

Shell Atlas of Automobile Road Maps, 1956
Shell Oil Company, Chicago San Jose
This is a bound set of 92 doubled sided (making 184 map images) automobile road maps covering the entire United States, Canada, and Mexico. This atlas was bound for use by the staff of the San Francisco Examiner newspaper. Each map was originally published as a separate roadmap distributed at Shell gas (filling) stations. Every map bears the Shell logo and a complete legend and sometimes the statement, "Current at date of publication, but subject to change." View Maps

November 27, 2010 - 1,786 New Maps Added

Below are descriptions of 1,786 new maps and images recently added to the David Rumsey Collection. Included for the first time are six new BookReaders that enable page turning books in the Luna software; four of these are new atlases: Popple's 1746 Atlas of North America; Pertermann and Milners's 1850 Atlas of Physical Geography; Williamson's 1870 Removal of Blossom Rock in San Francisco Harbor; and Baker's 1936 Atlas of American Agriculture. Also, two important boundary dispute atlases, the three volume Alaskan Boundary Tribunal of 1904 and the Venezuela-British Guiana Boundary Commission atlas of 1897. And two important Soviet era world atlases, the Polish Army Topographic Survey World Atlas of 1968 and the USSR World Atlas second edition also of 1967. The Coal Resources of the World, 1913, is presented, along with Mathew Carey's 1818 General Atlas and Anthony Finley's first edition General Atlas of 1824. 35 irrigation maps of the San Joaquin Valley and Southern California, from 1880-1888 are shown. Also, the Geological Survey of California's 1873 Map Of The Region Adjacent To The Bay Of San Francisco, 22 important wall maps, many sheet, case, and pocket maps, and more. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 1,786 new maps and images.

A Map of the British Empire in America with the French and Spanish Settlements adjacent thereto, 1746
Popple, Henry, London
This is a full color atlas edition of Popple's twenty sheet map.  This edition was sold by Stephen Austin Bookseller and Thomas Willdey in London. Compare this later edition (1746) with our first edition (1733) atlas. View Atlas and BookReader

22 Wall Maps, 1813 - 1882
Various Authors
A group of wall maps ranging from Warren and Gillet's Connecticut 1813, to Berghaus' World on Mercator's Projection, 1882. View Maps

Carey's General Atlas, 1818
Carey, Mathew, Philadelphia
Third and last edition of Carey's General Atlas. There is a Preface to the third edition, dated June 18, 1818. View Atlas

2 Maps of the United States of Nth. America, Map of Mexico and Louisiana, 1812 - 1820
Tardieu, P.F., Paris
Three multi-sheet maps by the French cartographer P.F. Tardieu: United States of North America 1812 and 1820, and Mexico and Louisiana, 1820.Tardieu used Arrowsmith's maps as his sources, but added much new information and employed an elegant style of engraving. View Maps

View all Tardieu maps of North America.

Mappe Monde en deux Hemispheres presentant L'Etat Acuel de La Geographie, 1820
Brue, A.H., 1820
Large map of the world in four sheets plus a title sheet. Includes "Avertissement" commenting on the accuracy of the map, and "Observation" commenting on the projection referencing the 1794 map by Arrowsmith. View Map

A New General Atlas, 1824
Finley, Anthony, Philadelphia
The first edition of this important American atlas. Finley produced many editions of this atlas up to 1834.  Most of the atlas maps were also issued as pocket maps. At the end of the atlas there is an advertisement for Finley's Map of the United States. View Atlas

3 Composite Maps of North and South America, 1827
Vanermaelen, Phillip, Paris
These three composite maps of Vandermaelen's 119 sheets of North and South America were created by georeferncing the sheets in GIS, using a polyconic projection similar to Vandermaelen's projection, then combining the sheets using the program Global Mapper which also trimmed the sheets to allow compositing. The result gives a view of Vandermaelen's sheets that is not possible with the atlas presentation but is similar to the large 7.75 meter diameter globe that Vandermaelen created from the atlas sheets and displayed in Brussels. View Maps

View Entire Vandermaelen World Atlas 1827

Atlas of Physical Geography, 1850
Petermann, Augustus; Milner, Thomas, London
From the full title: "With Descriptive Letter-Press, Embracing A General View Of The Physical Phenomena Of The Globe. By The Rev. Thomas Milner, M.A., F.R.G.S. ... Illustrated by One Hundred and Thirty Vignettes on Wood." View Atlas and BookReader

Reports upon the Pacific Wagon Roads, 1859
Campbell, Albert, Philadelphia
Six maps show various wagon roads developed by the U.S. government in the late 1850"s: a map of the route from Fort Ridgely in Minnesota to Fort Lookout on the western side of the Missouri River in Nebraska; two maps showing the Western Division of the Fort Kearney South Pass and Honey Lake Road; two maps that begin in El Paso, Texas and continue through Arizona, north of Tucson and San Xavier del Bac to the Pimo Villages on the Gila River; and a map of the Wagon-Road from Platte River via Omaha Reserve and Dakota City to Running Water River, along the Missouri River. View Maps

Johnson's New Illustrated (Steel Plate) Family Atlas, 1865
Johnson, A.J., New York
Late 1865 edition. From Title Page: "The New Plates, Copyrighted by A. J. Johnson, are made exclusively for Johnson's New Illustrated Family Atlas. Others are the same as Used in Colton's General Atlas." Adds a double page map of "Nebraska, Dakota, Idaho and Montana" that also shows Wyoming - this is a newly drawn map. This is the first appearance of Wyoming on a map (Resor). View Atlas

Report Upon The Removal of Blossom Rock, San Francisco Harbor, 1870
Williamson, R.S.; Heuer, W.H., Washington, D.C.
Story of the demolition of Blossom Rock, a maritime navigational hazard in San Francisco Bay midway between Alcatraz Island and Yerba Buena Island. View Book and BookReader

Map Of The Region Adjacent To The Bay Of San Francisco, 1873
Hoffmann, Charles F.; Whitney, J.D.; Geological Survey of California, New York
An important detailed map of the San Francisco bay area by the Geographical Survey of California under J.D. Whitney. Julius Bien of New York did the engraving and printing. C.F. Hoffmann was the prinicpal topographer; 1st issue was 1867. No mention of the 1873 date in any references. Two sheets printed on thin paper, folded into green covers. Outline color.  View Map

Gray's Atlas Of The United States, 1874
Gray, Ormando Willis, Philadelphia
Late 1874 issue - the extra double page Oregon, California and Nevada map is undated and the inset map of the Bay Area shows a new railroad from Benicia, and other railroads projected. However, we cannot find any other changes from the early 1874 issue. This edition was made for the California market, with the extra map of Sacramento and the map of Oregon, California and Nevada.  View Atlas

The National Atlas. Containing Elaborate Topographical Maps Of The United States And The Dominion of Canada, 1878
Gray, Ormando Willis, Philadelphia
First edition was 1875. The maps here are identical to our 1878 Gray's Atlas of the United States (although substantially changed from the 1874 edition), except that this copy has 17 large scale maps of Virginia Cities in the rear with a "Professional Directory of Patrons. Virginia."  It is a mystery why Gray used two different titles for essentially the same atlas.  View Atlas

35 Irrigation Maps San Joaquin Valley and Southern California, 1880 - 1888
Hall, Wm. Ham. (William Hammond); California State Engineering Department, Sacramento
The sheets show the areas of land that can be practically irrigated in the San Joaquin portion of the Central Valley and parts of Southern California. Classifies lands into several categories. Printed in full color. Mounted on linen. Relief depicted by contour lines in valley areas, and by hachures in the hills and mountains. 33 of the maps were scanned from the collection of the Water Resources Center Archives, University of California Library.  View Maps

Johnson's New Illustrated Family Atlas Of The World, 1886
Johnson, A.J., New York
A very late edition of this atlas that was first issued in 1860, 1887 is the last edition that we have, although Phillips shows 1885 as the last edition. Most of the maps have been updated to show changes in the American west, railroad development, and geographic discoveries. View Atlas

Report Upon The True Divisional Line Between The Republic Of Venezuela And British Guiana, 1897
Venezuela-British Guiana Boundary Commission, Washington, D.C.
Reproductions of maps from 1534 to 1875. On cover: Venezuelan Boundary Commission Report. 1898. Atlas (vol. 4 indicated on half title). With printed color. The American resolution under the auspices of the Monroe Doctrine, and as illustrated by this atlas, of the dispute between Britain and Venezuela, largely followed the the route (favoring Britain) of the Schomburgk Line, the name given to a survey line made in 1835 by Robert Hermann Schomburgk (1804-1865). Venezuela periodically contests its validity. View Atlas

(British Atlas, U.S. Atlas, Atlas of Award). Alaskan Boundary Tribunal, 1904
Alaskan Boundary Tribunal, Washington D.C.
Three volumes, with excellent facsimiles of historic maps that support the sides in the dispute. With printed color. "Many of these maps have been reduced in scale to bring them within the limits of this atlas." Many maps also only show the portion of the original applicable to the Alaska/Canada boundary. View Atlas

The Coal Resources Of The World. Atlas, 1913
Campbell, Marius R., Toronto
Shows coal resources throughout the world in the early 20th century. Elegant color printing. This copy has only 45 of 48 maps (missing Map Nos. 24-26, which cover portions of Canada in detail). View Atlas

Atlas of American Agriculture, 1936
Kincer, Joseph Burton, Washington D.C.
A spectacular color atlas of the United States exhibiting great detail in hundreds of maps, graphs, tables, and text on the full range of agricultural topics and subtopics. Bound into a single volume here, it consists of several parts often found as separates: Land Relief; Climate: Temperature, Sunshine, and Wind; Climate: Frost and the Growing Season; Climate: Precipitation and Humidity; Soils; and Natural Vegetation: Grassland and Desert Shrub, Forests. View Atlas and BookReader

Hammond's New World Atlas. Containing New and Complete Historical, Economic, Political and Physical Maps of the Entire World in Full Colors, 1948
Hammond, C.S., Garden City, New York
With 277 maps, shows the new political configuration of the world at the end of World War II. Includes an Illustrated Gazetteer of the United States and Territories. View Atlas

The World Atlas. Second Edition, 1967
USSR (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics), Moscow
This second edition of the Atlas of the World (1st edition in 1954) has fewer maps of the USSR on account of the interim publication of the "Atlas of the USSR", three fewer historical maps due to then impending publication of the "Historical Atlas of the World", and many new maps and revisions. The Atlas was considered accurate in terms of contemporary knowledge of the ocean floors. This edition also uses both the Russian and the Roman alphabets - making it comprehensible to a much broader range of readers. "The second edition of the World Atlas is issued at a time when all progressive people of the globe are celebrating the 50th anniversary of the Great October socialist revolution." Mapped in attractive full color with tints for elevation and sea depth values. Relief shading is sometimes used to contribute to realism. Scales generally in regular increments (two or multiples of two); urban vicinity maps typically at 1:250,000 facilitating the comparison of the sizes of major cities around the world. View Atlas

Pergamon World Atlas, 1968
Polish Army Topography Service, Oxford
This is the English edition of the Polish Atlas Swiata. This massive atlas (weighing nearly 5.5 kilograms and containing 48 square meters of maps) is of high cartographic and aesthetic quality, and provides a rich assortment of thematic (over 400) as well as hundreds of physical and political maps. Includes pictures of the flag and a synopsis for each country. Rich use of symbolism creatively conveys the data in a clear manner. View Atlas

July 4, 2010 - 564 New Maps Added

Below are descriptions of 564 new maps and images recently added to the David Rumsey Collection. Included are Jacob Green's Astronomical Recreations, an early U.S. celestial atlas published by Anthony Finley in 1824; Finley's pocket map version of his American Atlas, 1827; the graphically stunning Atlas Elementaire by Soulier and Andriveau-Goujon, published in Paris in 1838; a German atlas version of J. Calvin Smith's important Map of the United States from 1852; an extensive geography text with maps - Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas of 1859, also online as a flip book at the Internet Archive; and the Ice Atlas of the Northern Hemisphere showing the extent of sea ice in 1946.  All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 564 new maps and images.

Astronomical Recreations; Or Sketches of the Relative Positions And Mythological History Of The Constellations, 1824
Green, Jacob; Finley, Anthony, Philadelphia
Probably the first U.S. celestial atlas. Issued by Anthony Finley in the same year as his first terrestrial atlas, 1824, this was likely intended to accompany it, although it is never listed in Finley's catalog. The advertisement page states: "The plates have been faithfully reduced from those in the last edition of the magnificent Atlas of Bode, published in Germany a few years since..." View Atlas

American Atlas (Pocket Atlas), 1827
Finley, Anthony, Philadelphia
This is a pocket atlas version of Finley's American Atlas. The maps are printed on thin paper and folded into a red leather pocket case with "American Atlas" embossed on the flap. John Grigg of Philadelphia also issued this pocket atlas with his name on a red cover. View Atlas

Atlas Elementaire Simplifie De Geographie Ancienne Et Moderne, 1838
Soulier, E.; Andriveau-Goujon, J.. Paris
The maps are simplified somewhat, probably indicating that this was used for teaching in colleges and schools. In many cases the graphics on the maps are most unusual, and the style of engraving uses symbols and visualizations that are unique to this atlas. View Atlas

Special-Karte Der Vereinicten Staaten Von Nord-Amerika. von J. Calvin Smith, 1852
Smith, J. Calvin, Cassel (Germany)
The second revised German edition of Smith's large wall map of the United States, here bound as 16 separate sheets in an atlas (we have also digitally joined all 16 sheets into a composite image, shown on the left). The inset map of North America is titled "Uebersichts-Ka rte von Nord Amerika von J. Calvin Smith..." The map has been redrawn onto lithographic plates with a very slight change of scale (smaller). The only German used is in the titles and the references.  View Atlas

Colton's Illustrated Cabinet Atlas and Descriptive Geography. Maps by G. Woolworth Colton. Text by Richard Swainson Fisher, 1859
Colton, G.W.; Fisher, Richard Swainson, New York
This atlas is lavishly illustrated with hundreds of etchings on a wide range of geographical subjects, statistical tables, and smaller maps and plans. It is a smaller version of Colton's General Atlas, with regional maps. A one-time effort, not reissued. However, these maps are reused by Colton in some of his school atlases. The text by Fisher (minus the sections on the states and territories) is used later in Johnson's Family Atlas starting in 1861. This is a general physical geography text based on the Atlas of Milner and Petermann published in London. Overall the text is intended to be particularly readable.  View Atlas

We have also created a flip book version of this atlas at the Internet Archive.

Ice Atlas of the Northern Hemisphere, 1946
Hydrographic Office, U.S. Navy, Washington, D.C.
Published by the U.S. Navy in 1946, this atlas provides colored monthly maps detailing the extent and character of the ice for each principal region of the Northern Hemisphere known to have seasonal or permanent sea or lake ice. Also includes statistical tables. It is interesting to compare the extent of sea ice then with the diminishing extent today, as shown on the National Snow and Ice Data Center of the University of Colorado. View Atlas

April 12, 2010 - 764 New Maps Added

Below are highlights from 764 new maps and images recently added to the David Rumsey Collection.  Included are John Cary's 1790 Survey of the High Roads From London - an early use of strip road maps, the Atlas Classique De La Geographie - an 1839 teaching atlas by C.V. Monin with Monin's version of the classic Mountains and Rivers plate by Bulla, and Rand McNally's monumental 1924 Commercial Atlas Of America, with some of the most detailed early highway maps of the U.S. along with extensive railroad coverage at a time when the new highway system was beginning to challenge railroads as the most important transportation network in America.  Also included  are over 240 separate wall maps, case maps, pocket maps, or charts which are distinguished by their large physical size (often over 8 feet in the long dimension), requiring special photographic and software processes to create accurate digital images, resulting in very large digital files - but large map images can be examined and explored as easily as smaller map images, using zooming and panning features, and the amount of cartographic information in the larger maps is much greater.  Highlights of this group of maps include Rand McNally's massive thirteen sheet Shippers' Railroad Map of the United States 1891 (12x20 feet, over 10GB file size), nine issues of Mitchell's Reference and Distance Map of the United States from 1834 to 1846 (group shown includes a tenth issue already online), Joseph Scheda's 20 sheet richly detailed map of the Austrian Empire in Central Europe in 1856 (5GB file size), and more.  All titles may be found by clicking on the View links or images below. Or click here to view all 764 new maps.

Early Wall and Case Maps of the United States, 1796 to 1833
Arrowsmith, Tardieu, Carleton, Lewis, Lay, Varle, Robinson, and Vance
12 large maps of the eastern United States by various publishers over a period of 37 years from 1796 to 1833.  All of the maps borrow from each other, gradually adding updated and more accurate geographic information over time. The Arrowsmith maps printed in London are among the earliest to show the young United States, followed by updated copies made in Paris by Tardieu, Carleton's version published in Boston, then the very large wall maps by Lewis, and other variations by Lay, Varle, Robinson, and Vance. View Maps

Cary's Survey of the High Roads From London, 1790
Cary, John, London
An early strip map atlas of the roads leading outward from London, in all directions. The title page lists some of the many attributes of the strip map sheets: "On a Scale of one Inch to a Mile; wherein Every Gentleman's Seat, situate on, or seen from the Road, (however distant) are laid down, with the name of the Possessor; to which is added The Number of Inns on each separate route; also, the different Turnpike Gates, shewing The Connection which one trust has with another." View Atlas

English road atlases like this one no doubt influenced contemporary American road books such as Christopher Colles' Survey of the Roads of the United States of 1789 and The Traveler's Directory by Moore and Jones, 1802. 

Map of Pennsylvania, 1822
Melish, John, Philadelphia
First edition. A large wall map of Pennsylvania and one of the finest maps of the state in the early 19th century. Compared with the 1826 case map edition, there are many changes. The 1826 edition adds the delineation of topography adjoining the river systems, roads in almost every county, numerous changes in the emerging coal regions in the east central part of the state, more mountains and plateaus. View Map

Atlas Classique De La Geographie, 1839
Monin, C.V., Paris
A very sophisticated college atlas; the mountains and rivers table has no engraver listed but is clearly derived from or by Bulla, the author of the first table in this format published in 1826. See Garner's chart of 1823, and see our blog post on mountains and rivers maps for interesting comparisons. There are also two excellent thematic plates: Tableau de Geographie Physique and the Tableau de Systeme Solaire. View Atlas

United States Of America, 1830, 1832, 1834
Tanner, Henry S., Philadelphia
Three editions of Henry Tanner's large and detailed case map of the United States are added to the online collection, dated 1830, 1832, and 1834, which when added to the 1829 and 1839 editions already online, give an excellent 10 year view of the changes to this important map and to the country from 1829 to 1839.  View All 5 Editions of the Map

Nine Editions of Mitchell's Reference & Distance Map of the United States, 1834 - 1846
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus, Philadelphia
Mitchell's Reference & Distance Map of the United States was one of the most important American wall maps produced in the 1830's and 1840's.  It was drawn and engraved by James H. Young. The map was large -about 5ft tall and 6ft wide. Shown in this group are the nine new online editions plus a tenth edition already online.  View Maps

Map of the United States Of North America, 1842
Burr, David H., London
This large four sheet wall map of the United States west to the 100th meridian must have been intended to accompany Burr's 1839 thirteen sheet American Atlas of postal wall maps. The American Atlas has a large map of the United States from coast to coast, but it lacks the detail of this wall map, which shows most of the postal roads, canals, and railroads that are delineated on the large scale individual state maps of the American Atlas. That detail makes this wall map one of the best large area road maps of the United States as a whole, of the period - more detailed than Tanner's Map of the United States or Mitchell's Reference and Distance Map of the United States, shown above. View Map

Stream Of Time, Or Chart Of Universal History, From The Original German Of Strass. Revised By D. Haskel, 1842
Colton, J.H., New York
Stream of Time maps were popular in the second half of the 19th century (see our 1858 Tableau De L'Histoire Universelle by Pick) and later, but this map or diagram by Colton is an early example, at least in the United States. The period covered starts with the Creation in 4004 BC and extends down to 1842. The bottom of the map has an explanation which states that "Each Nation is represented by a stream which is broken in upon or flows on undisturbed as it is influenced by the accession of Territory or the remaining at Peace." View Map

Maps of the State of Maine, 1844 - 1862
Greenleaf Moses; Colton, J.H.; DeSilver, Charles; Walling, H.F.; Chase, J. New York, Philadelphia, Portland
Five maps showing Maine's evolution over an 18 year period of great change and expansion. 2 wall maps, 2 pocket maps, and 1 case map. View Maps

View all Maine Maps
in the online Collection.

General - Karte Des Oesterreichischen Kaiserstaates, 1856
Scheda, Josef, Wien
Joseph Scheda was an Engineer in the Geographic Corps, Militarisch Geografischen Institute, Austria. His map shows the extent of the Austrian Empire in 1856. It is comprised of 20 sheets, each dissected into 6 sections. Incredible detail throughout the map. A triumph of Austrian/German engraving. The 20 sheets cover most of central and southern Europe. A digital composite image joins all 20 sheets together in one large map. View Maps

Map of The World On Mercator's Projection, 1847 and 1857
Colton, J. H.; Johnson, D. Griffing, New York
One of the great American World Wall maps of the period. Colton took over the publishing of this map in 1849. The 1847 edition is by Johnson and the 1857 edition is by Colton. Table of distances. Shows numerous routes followed by historic mariners including observations of birds on the high seas. The 1857 edition has numerous annotations in French by a traveler going around the world.  View Maps

The Cottage Ornament, 1856
Ensign, Bridgman & Fanning, New York
This is an unusually decorative map by a group of New York map publishers known for their use of portraits, views, and information graphics (the universal Dial Plate showing times at different places around the world, etc.) on their maps. In this large wall map they seem to have added all the views used in all their different publications in one map. The map's title is an understatement. View Map

Map Of The Vicinity Of Philadelphia, 1860
Lake, D.J.; Beers, S.N., Philadelphia
A very large, detailed map showing land owners around Philadelphia. This copy is one of eight issues of the map (Ristow). This issue has inset maps and business directories of Philadelphia, Germantown, Frankford, Bridesburg plus five small towns (all at the top), and Manayunk, Falls of Schuykill, Hestonville, Paschallville, Tacony and Holmesburg at the bottom. Other issues of the map have Philadelphia and Trenton and Philadelphia and Camden in the titles. Lake and Beers may have done eight issues to cover different parts of the local market, much in the manner of Beers' six different issues of his Atlas of New York and Vicinity of 1867-8. The date of 1860 on the map has been changed to 1869 by someone drawing the "9" in place of the "0" which probably had rubbed off. View Map

The Washington Map Of The United States, 1861 and 1862
Smith, Robert P.; Taintor, S. & Co., New York and Philadelphia
Four editions from 1861 and 1862 of this huge and important wall map of the United States, published on the eve of the U.S. Civil War. The 1862 edition is one of the earliest maps to show the states who "claim to have seceded from the United States" in a small note on the right below the title. There are many inset views, portraits of the Presidents in the borders, and thematic inset maps. Smith also published a similar wall map in 1862, the New Naval and Military Map of the United States, which explicitly references the Civil War that had just begun. View Maps

Atlas Universel De Geographie Physique, Politique, Ancienne Et Moderne, 1875
Brue, A.H.; Levasseur, E., Paris
The last edition seen of the Brue Atlas Universel which began in 1822. E. Levasseur was brought in by the publisher to make updates to all the maps, with varying degrees of success. There is an attempt to improve the American maps from the 1866 edition, but they are still ridiculously outdated. Nonetheless, this is a handsome relic of what was once a great atlas. One of the two world maps is unusual in showing geologic formations on several continents. A newly added Tableau Synthetique de Cosmographie provides graphical and textual depictions of several attributes of planetary systems and the earth. The Avertissement pages list in detail the improvements made in the map sheets. View Atlas

Historical Map Of The United States Showing Early Spanish, French & English Discoveries And Explorations Also Forts, Towns & Battle Fields Of Historic Interest, 1876
Blanchard, Rufus, Chicago
This map was published for the 1876 U.S. Centennial celebrations and reflects Blanchard's growing interest in American history during the mid 1870's. Shows historical events on a large map of the Eastern United States from Columbus to about 1840. Six inset facsimiles of early maps. A tablet of history is mounted on the verso.  View Map

Paris Et Ses Environs. Carte Geologique Detaillee. Carte Topographique De L'Etat Major, 1890
Service Geologique Des Mines (France), Paris
This map has incredible detail, showing the geological formations around Paris plus the topographical depiction of the area at the end of the 19th century. 4 sheets, each dissected into 18 sections, mounded and edged with linen. Plus a composite image of all 4 sheets joined together. With printed full color by geological formations.  View Map

Rand, McNally & Co.'s New Shippers' Railroad Map of the United States, 1891
Rand McNally, Chicago
This is a huge 13 part map of the United States railroads from the east coast to the 105th meridian. When all 13 parts are joined, they form a map more than 12 feet high by 20 feet wide. Railroads are shown in great detail at a scale of 8 miles to 1 inch, making this one of the largest scale railroad maps of the late 19th century. 2 additional maps show the U.S. from the west coast east to the 93rd meridian, at a smaller scale.View Maps

Lines Of The Bell Telephone Companies. United States And Canada, 1910
American Telephone and Telegraph, Boston
Shows the extent of telephone lines in the U.S. and Canada in 1910. The long distance lines are primarily in the eastern half of the country, with one line running as far west as Denver. There are no long distance lines in the west, and few local lines except in California. However, there are many lines in the mid west, with Iowa having greater phone development than Pennsylvania. A fascinating map showing the growth of the phone system at an early stage. View Map

Andrews' Schoolroom Chart Of Geographical Illustrations, 1915
Rutley, F., London
Date is approximate. A wonderful large school chart intended to show all kinds of Geographical Illustrations and how they convey information. Maps include: Map Of Europe, untitled birds eye view of land formations, The Earth In Space, The World In Hemispheres, Zones (also showing mountains of the world), The Seasons, Hemispheres Shewing The Proportion Of Land To Water, and Points Of The Compass (showing rivers of the world). Profile is titled "Section Of The Earth's Crust." View Map

Rand McNally Commercial Atlas of America, 1924
Rand McNally and Company, Chicago
This edition has excellent auto route maps of the entire United States. The atlas combines detailed railroad maps and distance maps based on railroads, with the new and growing automobile road system maps showing the road "trail" markings which we presume are an early attempt to provide consistent naming of roads that extend beyond local routes. In addition there are copious indexes showing place names, railroads, population statistics, post offices, telegraph stations, and more. The maps of large cities show the location of major railroad depots, stations, and yards. Maps are often with printed color. View Atlas

The Histomap. Four Thousand Years Of World History. Relative Power Of Contemporary States, Nations And Empires, 1925
Rand McNally and Company, Chicago
A classic 20th century version of a stream of time map showing the flow of history from 2000 B.C. to 1925. The printed sheet of explanation that accompanies the map states: "To the casual reader a Histomap will open a new field of thought. It will enlarge his vision and add zest to his reading. To the student of history it is a necessary auxiliary to that subject, as necessary as the map is to geography and should form the basis from which the intelligent reader can widen and deepen his knowledge by further reading. The Histomap fills a long felt need. It is modern in theory and practice.  It presents an actual picture of the world's history bristling with significant facts in orderly correlation, with which the reader will easily associate, (and therefore remember) all the related facts and ideas that he may pick up in his daily reading. Only by this active association of newly acquired facts and ideas into an orderly background of general history can the reader hope to remember and understand their significance and to appreciate the essential continuity and unity of the histories of all peoples.  Accomplishing this he approaches that ideal of every intelligent reader, a true understanding of the struggles of the past and some degree of true vision of the future." View Map

Cartouches, or Decorative Map Titles

Cartouches are the elaborate decorations that frame map titles and other information about the map. They add an artistic or symbolic narrative to the maps they describe. According to map historian Edward Lynam, cartouches that frame titles first appear on Italian maps in the 16th century. They persist on maps until the middle of the 19th century, going through many stylistic changes. Below are selected cartouches from maps in our collection, beginning in 1703 and ending in 1852. The cartouche styles in this 150 year period are remarkable for their diversity, symbolism, social commentary, and artistic beauty. Many of the cartouches appear to have iconographic meanings that may be lost to us today. Others are just wildly ornate, attempting to give the map they introduce a more arresting aspect. 50 cartouches are shown below; click on any of the images to see the larger maps that the cartouches embellish.

This first group of three cartouches are from Guillaume de Lisle's World Atlas of 1731:

Carte du Canada ou de la Nouvelle France et des decouvertes que y ont ete faites; Guillaume de Lisle; 1708.

Carte des Courones du Nord. Dediee au tres puissant et tres invincible Prince Charles XII; Guillaume de Lisle; 1706.

Carte de la Grece. Dressee sur un grand nombre de memoires anciens et nouveaux; Guillaume de Lisle; 1707.

Henry Popple's 1733 atlas Map of the British Empire in America features a cartouche remarkable for its mysterious symbolism, including a severed head of a (we assume European) man with an arrow sticking into it:

A Map of the British Empire in America with the French and Spanish Settlements adjacent thereto; Henry Popple; 1733.

 A detail of the Henry Popple map cartouche showing the severed head with arrow, a crocodile, two monkeys, and female figure.

Another detail of the Henry Popple map cartouche showing a female figure with child, pointing to scenes of trade and commerce.

The large, ornate cartouche of John Mitchell's Map of the British and French Dominions in North America is shown below in the London edition, the Paris edition by Le Rouge, and the derivative Italian edition by Zatta:

A Map of the British and French Dominions in North America ; John Mitchell; 1757 (London edition).

Amerique Septentrionale avec les Routes, Distances en miles, Limites et Establissements Francois et Anglais. Par le Docteur Mitchel; John MItchell; 1756 (Paris edition by Le Rouge).

Le Colonie Unite dell' America Settentrle; Mitchell, John; Raynal, G.T.; Zatta, Antonio; 1778 (Venice, Italy, edition by Zatta).

Here is the elegant map cartouche of the immense, nine sheet Plan of St. Petersburg 1753, with a depiction of and dedication to the Empress Elizabeth of Russia:

Plan stolichnago goroda Sanktpeterburga s izobraheniem znatiieshikh onago prospektov, izdannyi trudami Imperatorskoi Akademii nauk i khudozhestv. Plan de la ville de St. Petersbourg avec ses principales vues dessine & grave sous la direction de l'Academie imperiale des sciences et des arts; Akademiia nauk SSSR; 1753.

Five imaginative and artistic map cartouches from the Atlas Universel by Didier and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy, 1757:

Carte de l'Egypte Ancienne et Moderne; Didier and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy; 1753.

L'Empire de la Chine, Dresse d'apres les cartes de l'Atlas Chinois; Didier and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy; 1751.

L'Empire du Japon; Didier and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy; 1750.

Nouvelle France ou le Canada; Didier and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy; 1755.

Etats du Grand-Seigneur en Asie, Perse, Pays des Usbecs, Arabie; Didier and Gilles Robert de Vaugondy; 1753.

Thomas Jefferys used cartouches showing scenes of commerce and landscape in many of the maps in his American Atlas, published after his death by Sayer and Bennet in 1776, three of which are shown below:

A Map of the most Inhabited part of New England; Thomas Jefferys; 1776.

A Map of the most Inhabited part of Virginia; Thomas Jefferys; 1776.

The Provinces of New York, and New Jersey; with part of Pennsilvania, and the Province of Quebec; Thomas Jefferys; 1776.

Some of Thomas Jefferys' maps were also published posthumously by Kitchin, Laurie and Whittle in their New Universal Atlas of 1787, including this map of the Western Coast of Africa (derived from a French map by D'Anville) with a cartouche full of various African themes:

The western coast of Africa from Cape Blanco to Cape Virga; Thomas Jefferys; 1789.

Even Thomas Jefferys' trade-card was in the form of an elaborate cartouche:

Thomas Jefferys Engraver... (trade card advertisement); Thomas Jefferys; 1750.

James Cook's 1773 map of South Carolina has a cartouche that follows Jefferys' themes of colonial enterprise, nature, and indigenous peoples:

A Map of the Province of South Carolina; James Cook; 1773.

The four cartouches below using engraved Baroque style frames are from maps in Thomas Kitchin's General Atlas of 1790:

England and Wales; John Rocque; 1790.

Map of the Empire of Germany; Louis Stanislas d'Arcy Delarochette; 1790.

A new map of North America, with the West India Islands; Thomas Pownall; 1786.

A map of South America; Thomas Kitchin; 1787.

William Faden's General Atlas of 1811 included the four map cartouches below, placing titles in buildings, on mountains and rocks, and adding humorous elements (as on the map of Turkey in Europe):

Greece, Archipelago and part of Anadoli; Louis Stanislas d'Arcy Delarochette, William Faden; 1791.

Nouvelle carte de la Suisse; William Faden; 1799.

A map of Bengal, Bahar, Oude & Allahabad; James Rennell, William Faden; 1786.

European dominions of the Ottomans, or Turkey in Europe; William Faden; 1795.

Aaron Arrowsmith, London map publisher, used cartouches on many of his wall maps, including depictions of Niagara Falls, the tropics, and portraits of explorer Captain James Cook:

A map of the United States of North America; Aaron Arrowsmith; 1802.

Map of America; Aaron Arrowsmith; 1811.

Map of the World on a Globular Projection; Aaron Arrowsmith; 1808.

American map publishers used modest cartouches starting in the late 18th century and gradually developed more elaborate ones in the first half of the 19th century:

Vermont From actual Survey Delineated & Engraved by Amos Doolittle; Mathew Carey; 1795.

Connecticut From the best Authorities. Delineated & Engraved by A. Doolittle; Mathew Carey; 1796.

Map Of Massachusetts; Osgood Carleton; 1801.

New Hampshire; Philip Carrigain; 1816.

To The Citizens Of Philadelphia This New Plan Of The City And Its Environs Is respectfully dedicated By the Editor; Charles P. Varle; 1802.

The State of New York with part of the adjacent States; John H. Eddy; 1818.

Map of Pennsylvania, constructed from the county surveys authorized by the State; John Melish; 1826.

Samuel Lewis' simple illustration of a traveler with his dog form the title cartouche for his 1819 map of the United States:

The travellers guide. A new and correct map of the United States; Samuel Lewis; 1819.

Joseph Bouchette's maps of Canada were surveyed and drawn by him in Canada, but printed in London by William Faden. The cartouches for two of the maps below are extremely ornate, probably reflecting the influence of Faden:

Map of the Provinces of Upper & Lower Canada with the adjacent parts of the United States of America; Joseph Bouchette, William Faden; 1815.

Topographical map of the Province of Lower Canada; Joseph Bouchette, William Faden; 1815.

Philadelphia map publisher Henry Tanner used scenes of the American landscape in his panoramic cartouches for his maps of North America, New England, and the United States:

A Map of North America; Henry Tanner; 1823.

Map Of The States Of Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island; Henry Tanner; 1823.

United States of America; Henry Tanner; 1829.

Smaller, independent American map publishers produced some interesting variations. This pocket map of Ohio by Columbus, Ohio map publisher Hiram Platt has an unusual cartouche:

Ohio; Hiram Platt; 1825.

S.A. Mitchell and James H. Young of Philadelphia used landscape and commerce as the themes for this cartouche:

Map Of The United States; Samuel Augustus Mitchell, James H. Young; 1831.

Even American school atlas maps had cartouches, as shown in this map from  Thomas Smiley's Atlas of 1842:

N. America; Thomas T. Smiley; 1842.

By the middle of the 19th century, map cartouches were incorporating actual views of cities or landscapes into the  maps to add decoration to the titles, as in this map of Naples, Italy and the one below it of North America:

Naples. Napoli.; Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge: 1844.

Map of North America; J.H. Colton; 1852.

The use of views to embellish maps largely replaced decorative cartouches after 1850.  In a sense, the illustrated cartouche now wraps the entire map, not just the title. Three examples are shown below, the first from the Illustrated Atlas of 1851 by Martin and Tallis:

Ceylon; R.M. Martin, J & F. Tallis: 1851.

An even more ornate example of map illustration is this map from Levasseur's Atlas National Illustre des 86 Departments et des Possessions De La France from 1856:

Dept. De Corsica; Victor Levasseur; 1856.

The final example of the use of views is this map from Fullarton's Royal Illustrated Atlas of 1872, one of the last of the decorative atlases published in the 19th century:

British Possessions on the North East Coast of South America; A. Fullarton & C0.; 1872.

This entire group of cartouches and the maps they are taken from can be seen as a slide-show or as a group.  For further reading, especially on the early period of map cartouches from the 16th and 17th centuries, see Edward Lynam's discussion of cartouches in his 1953 Mapmaker's Art (PDF).

  • News
  • January 21, 2010

Landmark 1979 California Water Atlas Debuts Online

Originally published in 1979, The California Water Atlas, a monument of 20th century cartographic publishing, has been scanned and put online for free public access by the David Rumsey Map Collection. Linda Vida, Director of The Water Resources Center Archives of the University of California asked David Rumsey and Cartography Associates to scan and make available to the public this extraordinary book. The copyright holder, the California Governor's Office of Planning and Research, agreed to allow free public access online. 

The book was digitized at very high resolution so the resulting images can be explored, revealing all the amazing detail in the many diagrams, maps, and illustrations that accompany the extensive text. The original work was a collaborative effort involving many individuals in and outside the government of then Governor Edmund G. (Jerry) Brown, Jr., including William L. Kahrl, Project Director and Editor; William A. Bowen, Cartography Team Director; Stewart Brand,  Advisory Group Chairman; Marlyn L. Shelton, Research Team Director; David L. Fuller and Donald A. Ryan, Principal Cartographers; and many others who contributed to the project. 

The atlas may be viewed in three formats online: in the LUNA Browser of the David Rumsey online collection, in a Flip Book Reader at the Internet Archive, and in three PDF files, low (46MB), medium (72(MB), and high (180MB) resolution (For the PDF's, Firefox or Chrome are recommended since they support PDF progressive download; IE and Safari will download the PDF's but only show them at the end). All files can also be downloaded from the Internet Archive site.  When viewing the atlas online, it is best to use as big a screen as possible because the original book is large, 47cm high and 41cm wide (82cm wide when opened to two page view).

Use of the digital files is free for all personal, non-commercial uses, governed by a Creative Commons License. All the scanning, metadata creation, uploading to LUNA and to the Internet Archive was done by David Rumsey and fellow Cartography Associate colleagues Dan Holmes and Kristian McManus. 

"California Waterscape." Pages (70)-(71). Shows major cities and towns, selected water conveyance features, coastal salt marsh, wild and scenic rivers, and intermittent lakes and reservoirs. Has a table of Conveyance Features keyed to map.

When the atlas came out in 1979, it got rave reviews from both historians and scientists. Charles Wollenberg, writing in the California Historical Quarterly, called it "a very big and beautiful book...well-written, spectacularly illustrated, and filled with useful information for expert and layman alike...an indispensable sourcebook for decades to come." The Quarterly Review of Biology said it was "a major reference work of interest to applied ecologists concerned with water supply and usage and to ecologists in general in California." Over 30 years old, the atlas is still fresh and germane to today's issues and no doubt will be so for a long time to come.

Below are selected pages from The California Water Atlas:

            Front Cover of The California Water Atlas                                     Title page of The California Water Atlas
              View in LUNA Browser or in Flip Book Reader                            View in LUNA Browser or in Flip Book Reader

"Hydrologic Balance for California." Page (v).  A schematic diagram showing how "the hydrologic cycle is the natural system for recirculating water on a global scale"

"Annual Runoff and Seasonality." Pages(8)-9. Map of runoff including table of principal drainage basin areas. Diagrams of seasonal (monthly) variability in runoff for 33 streams in seven basins.

Infrared space image of the Southern Sierra Nevada and Owens Valley. Page 57.

"Measured and Unimpaired Streamflows. Water Year 1975." Pages (60)-(61). Graphically compares unimpaired and impaired monthly streamflows for numerous streams.

"Chapter 2. The Natural Endowment." Page 4. Image of wildfowl in flight over the marshlands of the Sacramento Valley.

"Crop Patterns and Applied Water." Pages (82)-(83). Maps of a 2 mile by 70 mile strip of land in Fresno County. Shows crop types and the amount of applied irrigation water.

"Chapter 3. The Advent of Human Settlement." Page 15. View of San Francisco in 1873 (by W. Vallance Gray & C. B. Gifford).

"Southern California Urban Delivery Systems." Pages (34)-(35). Shows water deliveries from the Colorado River Aqueduct, and the Los Angeles Aqueduct via Owens Valley; includes system longitudinal profiles. Includes table: MWD (Metropolitan Water District) Operations, 1974/1975.

"Peak Streamflows." Page(72). Large graphic showing annual Instantaneous Peak Flows for each of fifteen major streams from 1905-1976. Flood Recurrence Frequencies also shown.

Below are all the pages of The California Water Atlas - click on any page to open it in a full window.

19th Century Maps by Children

In the 18th and 19th centuries, children were taught geography by making their own maps, usually copies of maps available to them in books and atlases at their schools or homes. Below is a group of maps and geographical diagrams made by children in the 19th century; and some of the school atlases, geographies, and wall maps that may have been their sources. These old maps made by children were hand drawn and colored, one-of-a-kind productions, and it is amazing that any have survived down to our time. That they have is due to luck and the efforts of families to preserve the history of their children. These maps have a special poignancy today in the way that they reflect the optimism of youth from another time.

The geographical diagram of Connecticut below is from Frances A. Henshaw's Book of Penmanship Executed at the Middlebury Female Academy April 29, 1823. She drew geographical diagrams for each of her hand-drawn maps in her book. Notwithstanding the title, this geography book is drawn by a very promising student. It includes descriptions of Astronomical Geography, the Ptolemaic, Brahean and Copernican Systems, Comets, Great Circles, Equator, Meridian, Horizon, Colures, Tropics, Polar Circles, Zones, Climates, Latitude and Longitude, a section titled "America," and 19 maps of the states with a descriptive geographical diagram for each.

Geographical Diagram showing information about Connecticut including the bounding States, by Frances A. Henshaw, from Frances A. Henshaw's Book of Penmanship Executed at the Middlebury Female Academy April 29, 1823.

The diagram above accompanied a hand-drawn map of Connecticut, shown below. Of the 19 maps in her book, most were copied from the 1805 edition of Carey's American Pocket Atlas (see our 1796 edition, which is similar), except for Ohio, which is from Arrowsmith and Lewis' Atlas, 1812, and Indiana, from an unknown source.

Map of Connecticut, by Frances A. Henshaw, from Frances A. Henshaw's Book of Penmanship Executed at the Middlebury Female Academy April 29, 1823.

The text sections of her book are copied from Morse's "Geography Made Easy", probably 1807 edition, but the text describing the maps in her geographical diagrams is entirely original. The geographical diagrams themselves are very unusual and unlike anything we have seen in children's books. A selection of them is shown below:

Nine examples of Henshaw's geographic diagrams for her maps of U.S. states

Henshaw saved her book and gave it to her son, T.A. Post, in 1872, a year before she died. Note the inscription on the bottom of the title page, just below the date of April 29, 1823, when she finished her book. That she kept the book for 44 years into her adult life and then passed it on to her son indicates how much she valued it. 

Henshaw's presentation inscription to her son, Truman Augustus Post, February 4, 1872

About a year after we scanned and put the book in our online map library, we were emailed by Henshaw's great-great grandson Truman Young who said "I recently found an item on the online David Rumsey collection that appears to be a notebook written by my great-great-grandmother, Frances Alsop Henshaw Post (1809-1873). I have more information about her, if that would be a useful addition to your records. For example the "T.A. Post" referred to on the title page is her son, Truman Augustus Post (1838-1902)." Mr. Young will visit our library later in 2010 and we hope to gain more information from him about his remarkable ancestor, Frances Henshaw, who would have been 14 years old when she made these maps.

View the entire Frances Henshaw "Book of Penmanship" as a slide-show.

Emma Willard (1787-1870) was a prominent teacher who believed that young women should learn geography by making maps. It is likely that her influence on teaching practices of the first half of the 19th century played a role in the creation of children's maps by young women at the time. Willard published several history school books that included many very imaginative maps and charts that no doubt inspired students to think of space and time as integral dimensions of history.  An example is her Atlas to Accompany a System of Universal History, which contains "A chronological picture of nations, or perspective sketch of the course of empire. (and) the progressive geography of the World, in a series of maps, adapted to the different epochas [sic] of the history."  Her time-line "Picture of nations or perspective sketch of the course of empire" is shown below:

Picture of nations or perspective sketch of the course of empire. To accompany Willard's Universal history in perspective.

In the same book, Willard uses receding dark clouds shrouding parts of the maps to show the expansion of geographical knowledge over time, a convention she probably borrowed from Edward Quin's Historical Atlas of 1830. This technique is an especially delightful visualization that no doubt stimulated children's imaginations and may have helped them remember historical eras. Below is one of her cloud maps showing the period from BC 1921 to the Christian Era:

B.C. 1921. B.C. 1491. B.C. 980. B.C. 752. B.C. 323. Christian era. To accompany Willard's Universal history in perspective.

Children often made individual maps or groups of maps. Eliza S. Ordway made a small wall map of the United States in 1829, with black rollers top and bottom as was the style for commercially made wall maps of the period.

Map of the United States by Eliza S. Ordway, 1829

Anna M. Bullard drew her "Map of the World" in hemispheres in 1836 in Boston, Massachusetts. Her cartography is somewhat simplified but generally accurate for the time. She also used a wall-map style, including varnishing the map to better preserve it.

Map of the World. Executed by Anna M. Bullard. Boston March 15, 1836. Western Hemisphere. Eastern Hemisphere.

Maria Symonds of the Topsfield Academy in Topsfield, Massachusetts, made this map of the United States and dated it 1830. It bears a strong resemblance to John Melish's United States of 1822 (although the Melish map does not cover the West Coast). This is very well drawn, backed with linen and varnished, and outlined in color.

United States. Maria Symonds. Topsfield Academy. 1830.

Another map of the United States--we think made about 1821, based on the geography and boundaries in the map-- was most likely done by a student using the John Melish 1816 United States Map (which covers the entire county coast to coast) as a source. 

Anonymous Student, United States, 1821

It is interesting to compare the above two maps' delineation of Florida and get a closer look at their styles of drawing and level of detail:

    Anonymous Student, United States, 1821                                                   Maria Symonds, United States, 1830

Most of the children's maps in our collection are by young women. Only a few are by young men. These three maps made by Bradford Scott are very individualized productions and striking in their use of bold colors and strong lines.

North America. Bradford Scott.

United States of America by Bradford Scott 1816.

South America. By Bradford Scott. 1816.

The earliest children's atlas that we have in the collection is "A General Atlas, done by Frances Bowen under the care of her Sister Eliza in the year 1810"

Title page to Frances Bowen's "A General Atlas," 1810

Bowen has 37 maps in the atlas, all carefully drawn. The result is very fine and these are some of the most delicate and well executed children's maps we have seen. The paper is watermarked J. Whatman 1808 and E & P 1804, both English watermarks. Hence we assume that Bowen is from England; furthermore, the meridian is from London on the World and U.S. maps, although she could be American. Her World map is shown below:

World map. By Frances Bowen. 1810

View the Frances Bowen General Atlas as a slide-show

In addition to the previously mentioned influence of Emma Willard, children and students were inspired to draw maps by reading the many other teaching and school atlases that were published in the 18th and 19th centuries. Our online map collection has over 600 maps and images from school atlases. Some of these books encouraged children to draw either by showing simplified maps of the word that were easy to copy, or by specifically providing blank map sheets for the students to fill in.

Johann Baptist Homann published his teaching atlas, the Atlas Methodicus in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1719.

Title page to Homann's "Atlas Methodicus," 1719

An example of the simplified maps in Homann's atlas is this map showing California as an island off the coast of North America, a common geographical misconception of the 18th century. California is identified with the letter "C" which is then listed under the text pages on the islands of North America.

A portion of "Charte von America. Johanne Baptista Homanno, Norimbergae, 1719"

William Faden, a London map and atlas publisher, published the exquisite Geographical Exercises in 1777, containing pairs of drawn maps and blank maps. Students were expected to copy the drawn maps onto the blank maps and thereby learn the geography by drawing it.

Title page to William Faden's "Geographical Exercises,Calculated to Facilitate the Study of Geography," 1777

Faden's Map of Asia is paired with a blank Map of Asia, the blank sheet showing clearly the interesting polyconic projection used to draw the map.

"Asia. Engraved by Jefferys & Faden, Geographers to the King." 1777

"Asia. London, publish'd by Jefferys & Faden, Corner of St. Martin's Lane, Charing Cross." 1775

In the 19th century, Samuel Augustus Mitchell of Philadelphia published in 1839 a School Atlas that was accompanied by a separate Atlas of Outline Maps. Below is the drawn Map of the United States from the School Atlas and the outline Map of the United States from the Atlas of Outline Maps:

"Map of the United States and Texas Engraved to Illustrate Mitchell's School and Family Geography. No. 4. (with) Map of Mexico and Guatimala ... No. 5" 1839

"Map of the United States and Texas. (with) Map of Mexico and Guatimala." Entered ... 1839, by S. Augustus Mitchell.

View a slide-show of Mitchell's drawn and outline maps.

Another example of school atlases that taught map drawing is George W. Fitch's Mapping Plates from 1850, "designed for learners in geography, being a collection of plates prepared for delineating maps of the World, and countries forming its principal subdivisions ..." Student Lydia S. Weeks completed this page of the Western and Eastern Hemispheres:

"Western Hemisphere ... Eastern Hemisphere drawn by Lydia S. Weeks." By George W. Fitch.

In addition to Lydia Weeks, several other students filled in the map plates.  View the entire Fitch "Mapping Plates" book as a slide show below.  Click on the link "Go to Source" to view larger.

Towards the end of the 19th century, solutions to teaching map drawing became even more imaginative, including the use of stencils in the Drawing Teacher published in 1885. It has six stencil maps in its box, below, one of the United States (shown) and five more of the continents:

It gives me special pleasure to share these maps online, as I have long treasured them as special parts of the collection. Imagine what would happen today if we brought back the classroom practice of making maps to teach geographical literacy, with all the easy tools and satellite images of the Earth available on our desktops, and these old children's maps for inspiration.

  • News
  • December 4, 2009

New davidrumsey.com Website Redesign

For the first time since its launch in 1999, the www.davidrumsey.com website has been completely redesigned and updated.  With better navigation and structure, users will find it easier to explore the site's many viewers and collection database with over 21,000 maps online.  A new Blog has been added to the site, and includes entries for Recent Additions, News, Featured Maps, Related Sites, and Videos.  Over 200 historic maps from the collection can be viewed in a new browser-based version of Google Earth, and users can enter the Second Life version of the map collection directly from a dedicated Second Life portal page on the site.  And the collection ticker at the bottom of the home page shows the entire online map library in random order over about 10 hours.  As always, all maps can be downloaded for free directly from the site at full resolution.  And a new service from Pictopia allows purchase of reproductions of any map in the collection directly from the new LUNA viewing software. 

The redesigned Home page of the website:

The new Home page of www.davidrumsey.com

The View Collection page shows the many viewers used to explore the map collection online:

The View Collection page showing the many ways to view the historical maps online

The new Blog section of the website has posts on Recent Additions, News, Featured Maps, Related Sites, and Videos:

The Blog has posts on Recent Additions, News, Featured Maps, Related Sites, and Videos

The new website was designed by Michelle Williamson of Command Create.  Development by Bot & Rose and Adam Brin.  Hosting by Luna Imaging.

November 20, 2009 - 1,238 New Maps Added

The following are highlights from 1,238 New Maps and Images added to the David Rumsey Collection. Included are John Cary's comprehensive road map of England and Wales from 1794 (plus a composite image joining all 81 sheets), John Wilson's important Map of South Carolina, 1822, Pick's time-line historical chart from 1858, geological and oil maps of Pennsylvania, 2 editions of Rand McNally's Business Atlas, 3 editions of Johnston's Royal Atlas, the atlas edition of Viele's map of New York City from 1874, and more. All titles may be found by clicking on the View links below. Or click here to view all 1,238 new maps.

Cary's New Map of England and Wales, With Part of Scotland, 1794
Cary, John, London
78 Maps. Highly detailed maps, including a large composite image joining all the maps together. The map sheets are bound in book form in this copy, but the maps were also issued joined as a wall map. The maps are especially detailed with information on the roads of the period. From the title: "On Which Are Carefully Laid Down All the Direct and Principal Cross Roads, the Course of the Rivers And Navigable Canals ... Delineated from Actual Surveys: and materially assisted From Authentic Documents Liberally supplied by the Right Honourable the Post Masters General." View Atlas

The large composite map joining all sheets may also be viewed in Google Earth

Map of the United States and British Provinces of Upper and Lower Canada, 1816
Shelton, W.; Kensett, T., Connecticut
This highly detailed and accurate map must be one of the best of its period.  It is superior to both the Arrowsmith and the Tardieu maps and incorporates information from Pike's maps and the Bradley postal maps.  There are two very interesting inset maps and a commentary on ancient fortifications along the Ohio River.  View Map

Map Of South Carolina, 1822
Wilson, John; Tanner, Henry S.,  Philadelphia
The first large scale map of South Carolina made after independence. With an inset map of Charleston Harbor. Wilson was the State Civil and Military Engineer and the creation of an accurate state map reflecting all the new internal improvements was one his responsibilities. Henry Tanner, the engraver and publisher, refers to the resulting map as "one of our best and most scientific maps..."   View Map

Western Hemisphere; Eastern Hemisphere, 1825
Gardner, James, London
With 48 inch spheres, this may be one of the largest World Maps produced in the early 1800's. Gardner's map is fairly up to date in the American Northwest, less so in the plains area. The drawing and engraving of this map are very elegant and spare.  In eight sheets, dissected into 6 sections each, and mounted on linen with dark green silk edging. View Map

An Atlas of Ancient Geography, 1826
Tanner, Henry, Philadelphia
16 maps.  Maps in full color. Maps are divided into three categories: Geographia Sacra, Ecclesiastica, and Antiqua.  View Atlas
Atlas Universel Pour servir a l'Etude De La Geographie Et De L'Histoire Anciennes et Modernes, 1827
Vivien de St Martin, L., Paris
48 maps.  First edition. The maps are well done, slightly smaller than the contemporary Brue and Lapie maps (except in the case of the double sheet maps),   Nonetheless, the entire atlas achieves a beautiful overall effect.  View Atlas
Atlas Universel d'Histoire et de Geographie Anciennes et Modernes, 1835
Duval, Henri, Paris
40 maps and diagrams.  A unusual school atlas with hand lettered lithographed plates, each signed by Duval. Includes thematic maps on the natural world, astronomy, geology, and other subjects.  View Atlas
Sharpe's Corresponding Atlas, 1849
Sharpe, J.; Lowry, J.W.,  London
54 maps.  An atlas that attempts to use projection to aid understanding of world geography.  In the preface, Sharp explains the use of only four scales (plus one for Switzerland) among the 54 maps, done with the intent to facilitate equitable comparison and comprehension of world regions.  View Atlas
Black's Atlas Of North America, 1854
Black, Adam & Charles; Bartholomew, John, Edinburgh
20 maps.  All maps are by John Bartholomew. This is the first use of printed color by Black and Bartholomew. A fine atlas, scarce, and especially interesting when compared to another similar but more elaborate U.K. contemporary publication on North America, Rogers and Johnston's Atlas of the United States, 1857.  View Atlas
General Atlas Of The World, 1854
Black, Adam & Charles; Hall, Sidney; Hughes, William, Edinburgh
70 maps.  This edition represents a significant change of maps for Black; Phillips lists the entire contents, which he rarely does for an atlas of this period, indicating his view of its importance.  The map of Mexico includes the California Gold Regions colored in gold. View Atlas
Geological Map Of The State Of Pennsylvania, 1858
Rogers, Henry Darwin, Edinburgh
This large map was intended to accompany the text volumes of the Final Report on the First Geological Survey of Pennsylvania, 1858. The map is fully colored to show geological formations, and has nine sections below the map. W. & A.K. Johnston engraved the map, further evidence of their collaboration with Rogers in addition to the 1857 Atlas of the United States.   View Map
Tableau De L'Histoire Universelle depuis la Creation jusqu'a ce jour, 1858
Pick, Eug,, Paris
Date is estimated. This is a timeline historical map, The map has vignettes of people, buildings, historical scenes and important places in the history of the world. It begins with Adam and Eve and the Garden of Eden (dated as 4963 BC) and shows the passage of history as the flows of various rivers, ending in the time the map was made, 1858.  The United States is given only brief mention as a branch of the river representing Great Britain.  Full color. Dissected into 9 sections and edged in white cloth.  View Map
Map of the Centre Oil Region From Oil City To Parkers Landing , 1871
Wrigley, Henry E.., Titusville
A unique, very large scale map of the center oil region (the largest scale we have seen) made by the photographic process. Henry Wrigley was a civil engineer active in the oil region who self published a series of five oil region maps by the photographic process; on the map he states "By this means (photography) every one can be kept constantly advised of the progress of all developments and possess the information desired at the time he most needs it."  View Map
Topographical Atlas Of The City Of New York Including The Annexed Territory, 1874
Viele, Egbert L., New York
Larger version of Viele's 1865 New York Map in Atlas form, in original printed tan paper wraps reading "Topographical Atlas Of The City Of New York.  By Egbert L. Viele.  1874," with the sheets unfolded.  According to Stokes, this edition was prepared from new surveys by Eugene Quackenbush. On five sheets; full color indicating meadow, marsh, and made lands.  View Atlas
The Royal Atlas Of Modern Geography, 1879
Johnston, Alexander Keith, Edinburgh and London
51 maps.  An updated edition of an atlas that was first published in 1861 and continued publication into the early 20th century.  View Atlas
Atlas Universel de Geographie Moderne. Physique, Politique, Historique, Industriel, Commercial et Militaire, 1882
Jouvet et Cie., Paris
40 maps.  A thematic and physical atlas with well executed maps.  View Atlas
Mitchell's New General Atlas, Containing Maps Of The Various Countries Of The World, Plans Of Cities, Etc., 1886
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus Jr., Philadelphia
73 maps.  At this late date in the run of Mitchell Atlases, William Bradley of Philadelphia was the publisher with Mitchell's own role no longer clear.  View Atlas
Mitchell's New General Atlas, Containing Maps Of The Various Countries Of The World, Plans Of Cities, Etc., 1886
Mitchell, Samuel Augustus Jr., Philadelphia
68 maps.  Association copy per W. H. Gamble (fl. 1867-1887), Geographer, author of handwritten transmittal to Mrs. Emmie Johnson, tipped into lining paper, along with Gamble's card.  Gamble made many of the maps in the Mitchell atlases. Although the date is the same as the 1886 copy above, there are many changes to the maps throughout the atlas.  View Atlas
Rand McNally & Co.'s Enlarged Business Atlas And Shippers' Guide , 1889
Rand McNally and Company., Chicago
93 maps.  1st edition in this format was 1885. This is the 18th edition.  With printed color.  Extensive coverage of railroads.  Includes all text pages which have an extensive index of places, railroads, county seats, and more. View Atlas
The Royal Atlas Of Modern Geography, 1893
Johnston, Alexander Keith, Edinburgh and London
54 maps.  Another edition of Johnston's world atlas, all maps now in printed color.  View Atlas
Rand - McNally Official Railway Map Of The Pacific Coast States Including Territory East To Denver, 1901
Rand McNally and Company, Chicago
A large scale map of the American west from central Colorado to the coast. Shows all railroads in operation, topographical features and public surveys. It is copyrighted in 1901 with the present title (indicating that it may be the first edition in this form) and in 1893 and 1898 as "Rand, McNally & Co.'s Standard Map of the United States" (suggesting that it may have been derived from a larger map of the entire U.S.).   View Map
Rand McNally & Co.'s Enlarged Business Atlas And Shippers' Guide, 1903
Rand McNally and Company, Chicago
102 maps.  This is the 33rd edition. Maps change from the 1890's editions - they are now similar to the Large Indexed Atlas. Complete with all text pages and indexes of places, railroads, and more. View Atlas
Johnston's Royal Atlas Of Modern Geography, 1912
W. & A.K. Johnston, Edinburgh and London
54 maps.  Preface by G.H. Johnston. Alexander Keith Johnston's name is dropped from the title page. Maps are printed in outline color with the exception of the full color North and South Polar Charts.  This is a very late edition of the Royal Atlas, the final year of publication shown in Phillips being 1919.  View Atlas
Campfire Rings in the Backcountry of Yosemite National Park, 1972
Holmes, Joseph Edward, Berkeley
Hand drawn annotations on twelve U. S. Geological Survey 15-minute topographical basemaps. A series of symbols represent the different sizes of about 4500 fire rings and corresponding trampled areas, all from an inventory taken in the summer of 1972.. Plotting of fire rings follows a complex protocol. Detailed explanatory legend. Original in the Yosemite National Park Archives.  View Map

Carte de France - The National Survey of France 1750 - 1815

The Carte de  France was one of the first national surveys completed on the same scale, 100 toises (a toise was equal to 6ft and the equivalent scale today would be 1:86,400), according to a specific plan.  It was led by several generations of the Cassini family (not to be confused with the Italian globemaker Giovanni M. Cassini) starting in the 1740's and continuing through the French revolution and  Napoleon's time, to 1815.  Four generations of the Cassini family held the position of director of the Paris Observatory, and three of those worked on the Carte de France: Jacques Cassini (Cassini II, 1677-1756); Cesar-Francois Cassini (Cassini III, 1714-1784); and Jean Dominique Cassini (Cassini IV, 1748-1845).  The 182 sheets that comprise the map are superb examples of cartographic engraving.  The use of trigonometric surveying techniques gave the map a high degree of accuracy for its time.  The sheets can therefore be joined together to present a unified view of France in the 18th century.  In the view below, they are joined digitally - if they were physically joined together they would form a map about 39 feet high by 38 feet wide:

(Composite of 182 sheet) Carte de France. Levee par ordre du Roy. (1750-1815), Cassini family; Cassini, Cesar-Francois, 1714-178, Paris, 1750 - 1815

The Tableau de la Carte Generale de la France by Louis Capitaine shows the plan of dividing the country into map sheets:

Tableau de la carte generale de la France. Pour servir a l'assemblage de 24 feuilles de la carte reduite sur l'Echelle d'une ligne pour 400 toises, et de celle en 180 feuilles, Capitaine, Louis, ca. 1749-ca. 1797, Paris, 1797

At the bottom of the Tableau is an Explication des Caracteres Geographiques employes dans la Carte Generale de la France, which is a key to the symbols used in the 182 sheet map - there are no keys on the sheets themselves.  As such, it is invaluable in understanding the cultural information on the maps.  A portion of the key is shown below in detail (click on the image to see the full key).  Additional explanations of the map symbols can be found on this site.

A portion of the Explication des Caracteres Geographiques employes dans la Carte Generale de la France

The plan for the triangulation survey is shown clearly in the Nouvelle carte qui comprend les principaux triangles... published in 1744 by Cesar-Francois Cassini and Giovanni Domenico Maraldi:

Nouvelle carte qui comprend les principaux triangles qui servent de fondement a la description geometrique de la France, Cassini, Cesar-Francois, 1714-1784; Maraldi, Giovanni Domenico, Paris, 1744

The first sheet published was centered on Paris, with the prime meridian running through the Paris Observatory and titled Carte de France Levee par ordre du Roy Premiere Feuille:

Carte de France levee par ordre du Roy. No. 1 (Paris). Ecrit par Bougoin. 1736 (i.e. 1756, corr. 1761-1762,  Cassini family; Cassini, Cesar-Francois, 1714-178, Paris, 1762 (revised from the first edition of 1756)

This close up of sheet 1 shows Paris and the meridian passing through the Paris Observatory.  It also gives a good sense of the rich cultural information shown on the sheets (click to open in a new window with zoom and pan):

Detail of sheet 1, Paris, showing the city and the intersection of the two meridians at the Paris observatory

The production of the atlas sheets continued for about 65 years, to 1815. The cartographic style changed somewhat over that period, with slightly different symbols used for cultural and natural features at different times.  Yet the map still has a consistency that that is impressive for such a long project.  A version of the map on a reduced scale of 400 toises (1:345,600) on 24 sheets was published in 1790:

(Composite of 24 sheet) Carte de la France. Dediee au Roi. Par les directeurs et associes de la Carte de la France, Cassini, Cesar-Francois, 1714-1784; Capitaine, Louis, ca. 1749-ca. 1797; Cassini famil, Paris, 1790

We have georeferenced both the 100 and 400 toises issues of the Carte de France and put them in Google Maps and in Google Earth.  Below is the 100 toises scale map in Google Maps (click on the image to open in Google Maps).  The 400 toises reduced scale map can also been seen in Google Maps.

The 182 sheet Carte de France, 1750 - 1815, in Google Maps

The Carte de France in Google Maps and Google Earth can be searched by location, for example (in Google Maps) Marseilles, or Bordeaux, or Paris Environs, or regions like Brittany.

The 100 toises scale map in Google Earth is below (requires Google Earth plug-in).  The 400 toises scale map can also be viewed in Google Earth.

The 182 sheet Carte de France, 1750 - 1815, in Google Earth

LUNA Commons

The LUNA Commons site provides free access to over 225,000 images from more than 15 important collections of cultural materials, including paintings, maps, books, sculpture, gardens, Americana, posters, fashion, and more...

The home page of LUNA Commons, www.lunacommons.org

Browse Collections in LUNA Commons

The LUNA Browser used by the LUNA Commons site allows searching across all the collections and combining images from many collections at once.  For example, Rumsey Historical Maps can be combined with Japanese Historical Maps and Maps of Africa, to create groups of images like the one below.  Use the arrows to advance the slide-show; click on the little "i" to view the catalog record; click on "Go to Source" to see the slide-show full screen.

Julius Bien, Master Printer and Cartographer

Julius Bien (1826-1909) was an American lithographic printer and cartographer who worked in New York City in the second half of the 19th century.  He was responsible for the publication of thousands of maps issued by the U.S. government and private map publishers. He was a pioneer in the development of chromolithography. He is recognized as one of the finest map printers of his time.  The Rumsey collection contains over 1,100 maps published by Bien.  Although authorship of 19th century maps and atlases is never limited to one person, and most of these cartographic productions list authors other than Bien, it is clear that he had a major role in shaping the final results.  Bien's printing and publishing of geological maps was outstanding and he took geological visualizations to new levels, as can be seen in the example below from Hayden's Atlas of Colorado, 1881.

One of the plates for Hayden's Atlas of Colorado, printed by Bien.  Title: SW. Colorado and Parts of New Mexico, Arizona and Utah. U.S. Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories. F.V. Hayden in Charge. Wm. H. Holmes, and F.M. Endlich, Geological Assistants. Surveyed in 1874 & '75. Sheet XV.

Bien was born in Naumburg, Germany in 1826 and was educated at the Academy of Fine Arts in Cassel and at Stadel's Institute in Frankfurt. He became involved with the German revolution of 1848, which led to his immigration to America in 1849. He established a lithographic business in New York City in 1850 and continued it there for over 50 years. Bien was drawn to map publishing and was interested in improving the quality of map printing.  He  made maps for the growing western surveys including the Pacific Railroad Surveys, the census, the coast surveys, and provided maps during the Civil War. Although primarily a printer, he did publish later in his career several atlases.  His deep interest and understanding of the science of printing make his productions exceptional.  He was given numerous awards during his lifetime and was the first president of the National Lithographers Association.  In addition to his cartographic productions, Bien issued exquisite chromolithographic reproductions of Audubon's Birds of America.

Of Bien's many atlases, his Grand Canyon, Colorado, and Fortieth Parallel are outstanding examples, shown below.

Department Of The Interior, United States Geological Survey, J.W. Powell Director. Atlas To Accompany The Monograph On The Tertiary History Of The Grand Canon District By Capt. Clarence E. Dutton U.S.A. Washington 1882. Julius Bien & Co. Lith. New York. Department Of The Interior. United States Geological And Geographical Surveys Of The Territories. Geological And Geographical Atlas Of Colorado And Portions Of Adjacent Territory By F.V. Hayden, U.S. Geologist In Charge. Corrected To Date And Printed In Accordance With An Act Of Congress Approved February 9th 1881. Julius Bien, Lith. Geological and Topographical Atlas Accompanying the Report of the Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel Made by the Authority of the Honorable Secretary of War under the direction of Brig. and Brvt. Major General A.A. Humphreys, Chief of Engineers U.S.A. by Clarence King, U.S. Geologist in Charge, 1876. Julius Bien Lith.

William Henry Holmes' topographical drawings of the 1882 Gra